CARAVEL REDONDA

Denmark has used many stamps with a caravel design, a little awkward design, it shows us a caravel redonda under sail.
The caravel was known in Denmark around 1430, there is a tile from the St Marienkirche at Helsingør which shows a four-mast caravel around that time, the tile is now in the museum of Helsingør.
The design on the stamp shows a three-masted caravel redonda, the foremast it looks carried a furled lateen sail, the mainmast is square rigged while the mizzen mast carried a furled lateen sail.
The square sails are set on a strange angle sideways, the vessel will sail sideways and not ahead in this way, and also the bottom, keel and rudder of the ship touch hardly the water.

Denmark 1927 15/40 ore sg246/51 scott?, 1933 15/40 ore sg 277b/282b scott? 1934 4 on 20 ore and 10 on 30 ore sg285/86, scott? 1940 15/40 ore sg319a/21, scott?
Faroe Islands 2015 franking labels http://wopa-stamps.com/index.php?contro ... e&id=20195

ILE BOURBON longliner

Built as a longliner fishing vessel under yard No c228 by Chantiers Piriou Freres, Concarneau for Armements Reunionais, Saint-Denis-de-la-Reunion.
Launched as the CAP BOURBON.
Tonnage 1,295 grt, 388 net, 613 dwt, dim. 55.49 x 11 x 7.6m., draught 4.95m, length bpp.49.2m.
Powered by one MAK diesel engine, 2,446 hp (1,800 kW), one shaft with a controllable pitch propeller, speed 13 knots.
10 August 2001 completed. Registry port Port Aux Francais.

If she ever has been fishing under the name CAP BOURBON I am not sure but in 2001 the name of the longliner was already altered by owners in ILE BOURBON.
Used in the toothfish fisheries in the Antarctic waters.
2016 In service, same name and owners, IMO No 9245421.

TAAF 2015 1.24 Euro sg?, scott?
Source: Bureau Veritas.

ILE DE LA REUNION longliner 2002

Built as a fishing vessel (longliner) under yard No b316/2 by Polnocna, Gedansk and completed by Chantier Piriou Freres, Concarneau as yard no c240 for SNC Comata, Saint-Denis-de-la-Reunion.
15 July 2001 laid down.
13 November 2001 launched as the ILE DE LA REUNION.
Tonnage 1,295 grt, 388 nrt, dim. 55.49 x 11 x 7.6m, draught 5m. length bpp.49.2m.
Powered by one 6-cyl MAK diesel engine, 2,337 hp (1,720 kW), one shaft with a controllable pitch propeller, speed 13 knots.
Frozen fish holds capacity 717 m³
Crew 30 + 1 fish inspector, has berths for 33 persons included crew.
14 June 2002 completed, registry port Port Aux Francais.

She was special built for the longline fishing for toothfish in the Antarctic, stays mostly 3 months out for fishing, discharging port is La Port-Reunion.
After catching the toothfish, the fish will be headed and gutted where after she is frozen.
2016 In service same name and owner, IMO No 9246970.

Taaf 2015 1.24Euro sg?, scott?
Source: Bureau Veritas. Internet. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz

PROSERPINE HMS 1899

Built as a light cruiser by the Sheerness Dockyard, Sheerness for the Royal Navy.
March 1896 laid down.
05 December 1896 launched as the HMS PROSERPINE one of the Pelorus class.
Displacement 2,169 ton, dim. 95.55 x 11.13 x 4.9m. (draught), length bpp. 91m.
Powered by triple expansion steam engines, 5,000 ihp, twin shafts, speed 20 knots.
Armament 8 – 4 inch QF, 8 – 3pdr. QF guns and 2 – 18 inch torpedo tubes.
Crew 224.
1899 Commissioned.

HMS PROSERPINE was a Pelorus-class cruiser of the Royal Navy. There were eleven "Third class" protected cruisers in the class, which was designed by Sir William White. While well-armed for their size, they were primarily workhorses for the overseas fleet on "police" duties and did not serve with the main battle fleet.
They displaced 2,135 tons, had a crew complement of 224 men and were armed with eight QF 4 inch (102 mm) (25 pounder) guns, eight 3 pounder guns, three machine guns, and two 18 inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes. With reciprocating triple expansion engines and a variety of boilers, the top speed was 20 knots (37 km/h).
Service history
HMS PROSERPINE was laid down at Sheerness Dockyard in March 1896 and launched on 5 December 1896.
After commission a unit of the 7th Cruiser Squadron of the Channel Fleet.
She served at the North America and West Indies Station under Commander G.C.A. Marescaux, and after return in the U.K paid off at Chatham in early November 1901. Shortly after returning home, she was involved in a collision while she was anchored off Sheerness harbour. The Royal Zeeland Steamship Company mail boat KONINGIN REGENTES struck the bow of PROSERPINE (The Dutch passenger ship KONINGIN REGENTES sailing in a service between the U.K. and Flushing came in collision with the PROSERPINE on 6 November 1901during heavy fog, the passengers were taken on board the PROSERPINE and the KONINGIN REGENTES was beached, she was later refloated and repaired, she was lost much later by a torpedo hit of a German U-boat), leaving slight damage to both vessels. PROSERPINE was subsequently taken to Chatham Dockyard for repairs, and paid off at the naval base there 28 November 1901.
26 February 1913 recommissioned for the Mediterranean, based in Malta.
By outbreak of World War I she was a unit of the Eight Battle Squadron of the Channel Fleet., taking part in the operation that transported three Marine battalions to Ostend, Belgium. Then she was sent to Gibraltar as a unit of the Gibraltar Patrol, but the same year already send to Egypt for defending the Suez Canal. April 1915 used to patrol the coast south of Alexandretta (now Iskenderun, Turkey.)
Later that year she was ordered to proceed to Mesopotamia to support the British intervention there, and till the end of World War I she stayed in the Persian Gulf.
She was sold for scrap on 30 November 1919 in Alexandria, Egypt and in 1923 broken up in Genova, Italy.

Guyana 2015 $80 sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Proserpine_(1896) Ships of the Royal Navy by J J Colledge. Various other internet sites.

MASCAREIGNES III longliner

Built as a trawler under yard No c236 by Chantiers Piriou Freres, Concarneau for Armement des Mascareignes, Saint-Denis-de-la-Reunion.
September 2000 laid down.
October 2001 launched as the AZMINA.
Tonnage 1,295 grt, 388 nrt, dim. 55.49 x 11.0 x 7.6m., draught 4.95m, length bpp.49.2m
Powered by one MAK diesel engine, 2,446 hp (1,800 kW), one shaft with a controllable pitch propeller. Speed 13 knots.
23 October 2001 completed, under French flag, registry port Port Aux Francais.

2002 Name changed by owners in MASCAREIGNES III.
Used as a longliner for toothfish in the Antarctic waters.
2016 In service, managed by SAPMER, same name and owner, Imo No 9245407.

TAAF 2015 1.24 Euro sg?, scott? (The cover of the stamp booklet depict also AZMINA/MASCAREIGNES III. and a toothfish.)
Source: Bureau Veritas.

AN ANTARCTIC MYSTERY by JULES VERNE

French Southern and Antarctic Territory issued in 2015 a se-tenant of three stamps, which have something to do with a science fiction story written by Jules Verne.
0.80 Euro is a whaleboat.
1.24 Euro two vessels, barque rigged so the HALBRANE is not depict she was schooner rigged.
1.35 Euro the inn Green Cormorant and in front a boat.

An Antarctic Mystery (French: Le Sphinx des glaces, The Sphinx of the Ice Fields) is a two-volume novel by Jules Verne. Written in 1897, it is a response to Edgar Allan Poe's 1838 novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket. It follows the adventures of the narrator and his journey from the Kerguelen Islands aboard HALBRANE .
Neither Poe nor Verne had actually visited the remote Kerguelen Islands, located in the south Indian Ocean, but their works are some of the few literary (as opposed to exploratory) references to the archipelago.
Volume 1
The story is set in 1839, eleven years after the events in Arthur Gordon Pym, one year after the publication of that book.
The narrator is a wealthy American Jeorling, who has entertained himself with private studies of the wildlife on the Kerguelen Islands and is now looking for a passage back to the USA. HALBRANE is one of the first ships to arrive at Kerguelen, and its captain Len Guy somewhat reluctantly agrees to have Jeorling as a passenger as far as Tristan da Cunha.
Underway, they meet a stray iceberg with a dead body on it, which turns out to be a sailor from JANE.
A note found with him indicates that he and several others including JANE's captain William Guy had survived the assassination attempt at Tsalal and are still alive.
Guy, who had talked to Jeorling earlier about the subject of Pym, reveals himself to be the brother of William Guy. He decides to try to come to the rescue of JANE 's crew. After taking on provisions on Tristan da Cunha and the Falklands, they head South with Jeorling still on board. They also take aboard another mysterious sailor named Hunt who is eager to join the search for undisclosed reasons.
Extraordinarily mild weather allows the HALBRANE to make good progress, and they break the pack ice barrier, which surrounds an ice-free Antarctic ocean, early in summer. They find first Bennet's islet, where JANE had made a stop, and finally Tsalal. But the island is completely devastated, apparently by a recent massive earthquake, and deserted. They find the remains of Tsalal's natives, who apparently died long before the earthquake, and the collar of Pym's dog, Tiger, but no trace of JANE.
Volume 2
At this point, Hunt is revealed to be Dirk Peters. On their travel south of Tsalal, he and Pym had become separated, and only Peters made it safely back to the States where he, not Pym, instigated the publication of their voyage. Pym's diary, in Peters' possession, had apparently been significantly embellished by Poe. Upon returning home, Peters took on a new identity, because he was too ashamed of having resorted to cannibalism on the wreck of GRAMPUS.
Guy and Peters decide to push further south, much to the chagrin of a part of the crew led by one seaman Hearne, who feels they should abandon the rescue attempt and head home before the onset of winter.
Not much later, in a freak accident, HALBRANE is thrown upon an iceberg and subsequently lost. The crew makes it safely onto the iceberg, but with only one small boat left, it is doomed to drift on. The iceberg drifts even past the South Pole, before the whole party is cast ashore on a hitherto unknown land mass still within the pack ice barrier. Hearne and his fellows steal the last remaining boat, trying to make it to the open sea on their own, and making the situation even bleaker for those left behind who now face the prospect of wintering in the Antarctic.
They are lucky, however, as shortly thereafter they see a small boat of aboriginal style drifting by. Peters is the first to react as he swims out toward the boat and secures it. But Peters finds more: In the boat, there are captain William Guy and the three surviving seamen of his crew, semiconscious and close to death by starvation. Peters brings them ashore, and the men from HALBRANE nurse them back to life.
William Guy then recounts their story. Shortly after the explosion of JANE (and presumably the departure of Pym's company), Tiger appeared again. Rabid, he bit and infected the natives who quickly fell victim to the new disease. Those who could fled to the neighboring islands, where they perished later in the course of the earthquake.
Up to this point, William Guy and his men had lived fairly comfortably on Tsalal, which was now their own, but after the quake found their position untenable and made a desperate attempt in the boat to escape north.
The combined crews of HALBRANE and JANE decide to try to make it north in their newly acquired boat. They make good progress, until they notice the appearance of strong magnetic forces. They find the source of it, the Ice Sphinx: A huge mountain magnetically "charged" by the particle streams that get focused on the poles through Earth's magnetic field.
Here, they find the remains of Hearne's team, which came to grief when the Ice Sphinx's immense magnetic forces attracted their iron tools and boat components to it and smashed them on its rocks. The boat of Joerling and the others only escaped destruction because, being built by the natives, it contained no iron parts.
At the foot of the Sphinx, they also find the body of Pym, who came to death the same way. Peters dies from grief on the same spot. The others embark again in their boat, and finally reach the open ocean and are rescued.

French Southern and Antarctic Terr. 2015 0.80E/1.35E sg?, scott?
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Antarctic_Mystery
The book you can read on: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10339/10 ... tm#CHAP_II

JOSEF RUSSEL inventor of screw propeller

Not a ship depict but interesting for the ship on stamp collectors.

Austrian Inventions - Ship's Propeller - Josef Ressel

From the “Österreichische Erfindungen “ (Austrian Inventions) series, Austrian Post presents a great inventor who changed maritime technology for ever. Sadly, Josef Ressel was not able to profit from the international success of his ship’s propeller during his lifetime.

Josef Ressel was born on 29th June 1793 in Chrudim in Bohemia. From 1812 onwards he studied technological subjects such as mechanics and hydraulics at the University of Vienna. However, when the “Polytechnische Institut”, later to become Vienna University of Technology, opened in 1815, he could not afford to continue his studies. Luckily a friend helped him win a scholarship and he was able to graduate from the Forestry Academy in Mariabrunn. From 1817 onwards he worked as a forester in Carniola, Ljubljana and finally in Trieste, where, as the Marine Forestry Officer, he managed the forests belonging to the imperial navy. He found his work unsatisfying and so began experimenting with all kinds of inventions. For example, he developed a process to extract colourants, new methods for processing wood, a pneumatic dispatch system between Vienna and Trieste and a new ball-bearing – in total he was granted ten patents or so-called privileges.

However, he was particularly interested in developing a screw propeller for steam ships, which could then replace the previously used paddle steamers and even sailing ships. In 1827 he was awarded a “privilege” for his ship’s propeller, and had already started to test it by building a ship called the CIVETTA. After finally overcoming a number of difficulties, the first test voyage was made in 1829 and was primarily successful, although a pipe in the steam engine burst and the authorities refused to sanction further test voyages. Although his propeller had worked impeccably, Ressel’s competitors presented the test voyage in a very different light. As a result, Ressel lost his financial backing and had to try to market his invention himself. Acting in good faith himself, he ceded his plans to a French company, which proceeded to profit from them without passing any of the success and profit on to him. The propeller soon became standard throughout the world, but Ressel received no recognition for it. When the British government offered a prize of 20,000 pounds to the “true inventor” of the propeller, Ressel submitted his documents, but received no response. It was claimed that his submission had gone astray, and the prize was shared between four British applicants.

Josef Ressel died on 9th October 1857 during a business trip to Ljubljana. Even if some question whether he was the sole inventor of the ship’s propeller – there were other similar inventions developed around that time – his influence on international shipping cannot be denied. In 1863 a monument was dedicated to him in the Resselpark in Vienna’s Karlsplatz, celebrating his invention.

Austria 2016 0.80 Euro sg?, scott?
http://wopa-stamps.com/index.php?contro ... e&id=25173
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