AIX-LES-BAINS and sailing yacht

This stamp was issued for the town Aix-les-Bains in France and shows us a sailing yacht with an open cockpit, on the yacht I have not any information. She is sailing on Lac du Bourget of which Wikipedia gives:

Lac du Bourget (Lake Bourget), also locally known as Lac Gris (Grey Lake) or Lac d'Aix, is a lake at the southernmost end of the Jura Mountains in the department of Savoie, France. It is the deepest lake located entirely within France, and either the largest or second largest after Lac de Grand-Lieu depending on season.

The largest town on its shore is Aix-les-Bains. Chambéry, the capital of Savoie, lies about 10 km south of the lake. The lake is mainly fed by the river Leysse (and other small rivers), and it drains towards the river Rhône through the Canal de Savières, an artificial channel. It is a Ramsar site. The extinct bezoule was found only in this lake.

The lake was formed during the last period of global glaciation in the Alps (Würm glaciation) during the Pleistocene epoch. It has a surface area of 44.5 square kilometres (4,450 hectares). The long and narrow north-south axis of the lake extends 18 km in length, and ranges between 1.6 km and 3.5 km in width. The lake's average depth is 85 m, and its maximum depth in 145 m. The lake is meromictic, meaning that it has layers that do not mix.
The lake is bordered by the steep summits of the Mont du Chat and the Chaîne de l'Épine on the west, and Bauges Mountains on the east, which form its shores.

Lac du Bourget was made famous by several romantic poems of Alphonse de Lamartine, including Le Lac, as well as by descriptions by Xavier de Maistre, Honoré de Balzac, and Alexandre Dumas.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lac_du_Bourget
France 1966 0.60Fr sg1685, scott1172.

LOUIS-ANTOINE OF BOUGAINVILLE and La BOUDEUSE

Comte Louis-Antoine of Bougainville, was born on November 12th, 1729 in Paris. Officer of the French navy and explorer, it was officially the first French to realize the world tour in 1766.

Having crossed the Magellan Strait aboard the ship « La BOUDEUSE » (along with the ship « L’ÉTOILE »), he passed in March, 1768, the Tuamotu Archipelago. He discovered the atolls of Vahitahi and Akiaki, and also saw the island of Hao, discovered previously by Fernandez de Quiros. On April 2nd, he entered the bay of Matavai in Tahiti, discovered earlier by Samuel Wallis. It dropped anchor in Hitia'a bay, where he met Ahutoru a native of Raiatea, and under the insistence of the chief Ereti, he did the journey to Paris where Bougainville who presented him to the king and the Parisian society. Unfortunately it is during his return journey, after a stopover in the Mauritius Island that he contracted the smallpox. He died on November 7th, 1771. At dawn, after the prayer for the dead its body was immersed with the honors of the royal navy in front of Fort Dauphin. By means of Ahutoru, Bougainville was able during its journey to exchange and to discover the native peoples of the Pacific islands and Philibert Commerson botanist aboard “L’ÉTOILE” will have taken advantage of his knowledge in botany. The trickery of the botanist was moreover discovered as that his domestic was in fact his partner disguised as boy that’s how Jeanne Baret was the first woman who did round the world. Bougainville published in 1772 " Journey around the world " in which he redrew his adventure in particular his invaluable geographical, ethnographical and scientific observations, but at this time will hold only the myth of the " South Pacific paradise ". Having going through the war for independence of the United States and the fall of king louis XVI, he withdrew to dedicate himself to his passion, the horticulture. Note that the bougainvillea discovered in Brazil was named in his honor by the botanist Commerson. Napoleon Bonaparte named him as senator in 1799, then a grand officer of the legion of honor in 1804, a comte of Empire in 1808. Finally his last function was to chair the French council of war.

He died on August 31st, 1811, in Paris. His heart rests in the Montmartre Cemetery, and its body in the Pantheon of Paris.

http://www.tahitiphilatelie.pf/details_ ... 018&id=335
French Polynesia 2018 250Fr. sg?, scott?

YOLE VENDÉENE

This stamp “ Paysage Vendéen” represents a maraichin (the inhabitants or farmers of the marshes) in the bow of a bourrine (yole vendéene).

Aak to Zumbra a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft gives for the craft:
YOLE VENDÉENE: Light fast pulling wooden boat used on the France Westcoast. Shallow, flat bottomed river craft of the Vendéen area. Cross planked bottom turns up at bow and stern; bow sharp or with a small bow transom; stern wide; often with coverboard; straight vertical or flared sides.
Length ca 4.5m, beam 1,25m, depth 0.35m.
More on the area is given on: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marais_Poitevin

France: 1965 0.95Fr. sg1687, scott 1129.

U-440 submarine

Guernsey issued in 2018 6 stamps for the 201 Squadron of which two stamps have a maritime connection.
The 46p shows a Nimrod MR2P plane providing search and rescue on a yacht, of the yacht I have not any info.
The 62p shows us a Sunderland plane which attack the German submarine U-440 and sank the boot killing all the crew of 46 persons.

By the issues the Guernsey Post gives the following info:
No 201 Squadron whose exploits are beautifully depicted in this latest stamp issue, dates back to 1914 when it formed as No 1 Squadron, Royal Naval Service before becoming No 201 Squadron when the RAF was founded in 1918.
From the late 1920's to modern times, 201 has been a very active Squadron. Special prominence is given to the link between 201 and the Island of Guernsey, a link forged in the dark days just before the Second World War. In 1994, as part of their 80th anniversary celebrations, the Squadron was granted The Privilege of Guernsey.
The Squadron, nicknamed ‘Guernsey’s Own,’ had a distinguished record flying fighter aircraft and was the first to fly the Hawker Siddeley Nimrod, the world’s first all-jet maritime aircraft.
The Nimrod MR2 is depicted on the miniature sheet and the first of the set of six stamps, added to its traditional roles of deep-water Anti Submarine and Anti Surface Warfare and proved to be a valuable asset in a variety of new arenas, including over-land operations. It also specialised in maritime reconnaissance, part of which involved Search and Rescue operations flown by the Squadron from their base at RAF Kinloss.
201 Squadron disbanded in 2011 after the cancellation of the Nimrod MRA4, the MR2’s replacement, but will be back in action from 2021 flying the new P-8 anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft, part of the next generation Royal Air Force.
Guernsey Post are delighted to confirm that this issue and associated products have been licensed by the Secretary of State for Defence.
The RAF100 logo and the 201 Squadron badge are registered trade marks of the Secretary of State for Defence and is used under licence.
https://www.guernseystamps.com/new-issu ... nsey's_Own)_Squadron


The U-440 was built as a submarine under yard No 1491 by the Schichau-Werke in Danzig for the German Navy.
05 January 1940 ordered,
01 October 1940 laid down.
08 November 1941 launched as the U-440. One of the type VIIC submarine of the German Navy.
Displacement 769 tons surfaced. 871 ton submerged. Dim. 67.10 x 6.20 x 4.74m. (draught).
Powered by two diesel engines 2,800/3,200 bhp and two electro motors 740 shp., twin shafts, soeed 17.7 knots surfaced, 7.6 knots submerged.
Range 8.500 mile by a speed of 10 knots surfaced, 80 mile at 4 knots submerged.
Test depth 230m.
Armament: 5 – 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, 4 bow one stern, carried 14 torpedoes. 1 – 8.8cm deck gun with 220 rounds and 1 – 2 cm C/30 AA gun.
Crew 4 Officers and 40 – 56 crew.
24 January 1942 commissioned, under command of Hans Geissler.

German submarine U-440 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 1 October 1940 by Schichau-Werke, Danzig as yard number 1491, launched on 8 November 1941 and commissioned on 24 January 1942 under Oberleutnant zur See Hans Geissler. On 20 May 1943, Geissler was replaced as commander by Oberleutnant zur See Werner Schwaff.

Design
German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-440 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[2] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-440 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and a 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[2]

Service history
The boat's career began with training at 5th U-boat Flotilla on 24 January 1942, followed by active service on 1 September 1942 as part of the 1st Flotilla for the remainder of her service. In 5 patrols she sank no ships.

Wolfpacks
U-440 took part in seven wolfpacks, namely
Pfeil (12–14 September 1942)
Streitaxt (29 October – 2 November 1942)
Delphin (4–5 November 1942)
Spitz (22–31 December 1942)
Neuland (6–13 March 1943)
Dränger (14–20 March 1943)
Seewolf (21–29 March 1943)

Fate
U-440 was sunk on 31 May 1943 in the North Atlantic in position 45°38′N 13°04′W45.633°N 13.067°W, by depth charges from RAF Sunderland from 201 Squadron. All crew members died.

Source. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_submarine_U-440
Guernsey 2018 46p and 62p sg?, scott?

WORLD ROWING CHAMPIONSHIP 1966

Yugoslavia issued in 1966 a set of stamps of which the 1d stamp is for the 1966 World Rowing Championship in 1966 in Yugoslavia, see
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1966_Worl ... mpionships

The stamp shows us a single scull, see:
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=15536&p=17937&hilit=single+scull#p17937

Yugoslavia 1966 1d sg?, scott ?

QUEEN ELIZABETH HMS (R 08)

Built in 2009-2017 by Aircraft Carrier Alliance, Rosyth Yard, Five, for the Royal Navy, ordered on 20-05-2008, laid down on 07-07-2009, launched on 17-07-2014, completed on 07-12-2017.
Aircraft Carrier, displacement:65,000 tons, L:284m. B:39m. over the waterline, maximum 73m. height:56m. draft:11m. 2 Rolls-Royce MT30 gasturbines:48,000 hp. (36 MW.) 4-16 cyl. Wärtsilä 38 diesels each:15,600 hp. 4 Converteam electric engines each:27,000 hp. (20 MW.) 2 shafts, 29 kn. radius:8000-10,000 nm. complement:679 and 250 marines, armament:3 Phalanx CIWS 20 mm. guns, 4-30 mm. cannons, several small canons and GPMG's, 36 F-35 Lightning II aircrafts en 4 helicopters.
At the end of June 2017 she left for her first sea trial, in 2020 she will be fully operational.

HMS Queen Elizabeth is the lead ship of the Queen Elizabeth class of aircraft carriers, the largest warships ever built for the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom and capable of carrying up to 60 aircraft. She is named in honour of the first Queen Elizabeth, a renowned World War I era super-dreadnought, which in turn was named after Queen Elizabeth I. The new Queen Elizabeth will carry her namesake's honours, as well as her Tudor rose-adorned crest and motto.

The ship began sea trials in June 2017 and was commissioned on 7 December 2017. Her first Commanding Officer is Commodore Jerry Kyd, who had previously commanded the carriers HMS Ark Royal and HMS Illustrious. As Captain of HMS Queen Elizabeth, Kyd will wear the Royal Navy rank of Captain while retaining the substantive rank of Commodore.

Queen Elizabeth has no catapults or arrestor wires and is instead designed to operate V/STOL aircraft; the air wing will typically consist of F-35B Lightning II multirole fighters and Merlin helicopters for airborne early warning and anti-submarine warfare. The design emphasises flexibility, with accommodation for 250 Royal Marines and the ability to support them with attack helicopters and large troop transports such as Chinooks. She is the second Royal Navy vessel to bear the name Queen Elizabeth and is based at HMNB Portsmouth.

On 25 July 2007, the then Defence Secretary Des Browne, announced the order for two new carriers. At the time of approval the first carrier was expected to enter service in July 2015 and the budget was £4.085b for two ships. The financial crisis led to a political decision in December 2008 to slow production, delaying Queen Elizabeth until May 2016. This added £1.560b to the cost. By March 2010 the budget was estimated at £5.900b and in November 2013 the contract was renegotiated with a budget of £6,200m. The in-service date was further extended to 2020 in the Strategic Defence and Security Review in October 2010.

Construction of Queen Elizabeth began in 2009. The assembly took place in the Firth of Forth at Rosyth Dockyard from nine blocks built in six UK shipyards: BAE Systems Surface Ships in Glasgow, Babcock at Appledore, Babcock at Rosyth, A&P Tyne in Hebburn, BAE at Portsmouth and Cammell Laird (flight decks) at Birkenhead. Two of the lower main blocks, together weighing more than 6,000 tonnes and forming part of the base of the ship, were assembled and joined into one piece on 30 June 2011. On 16 August 2011, the 8,000-tonne Lower Block 03 of Queen Elizabeth left BAE Systems Surface Ships' Govan shipyard in Glasgow on a large ocean-going barge. Travelling 600 miles (970 km) around the northern coast of Scotland, the block arrived at Rosyth on the evening of 20 August 2011. On 28 October 2012, an 11,000-tonne section of the carrier began a lengthy journey around the south coast of England, avoiding bad weather from the shipbuilding hall at Govan to the Rosyth dockyard; it arrived on 21 November. The forward island was constructed at BAE Portsmouth and attached on 14 March 2013; the aft island was attached in June 2013. The ski jump was added in November 2013, leaving just the elevators and radar to be lifted into place. By September 2013 Queen Elizabeth was 80% complete internally. A journalist reported that computers on the vessel appeared to be using Windows XP, which had raised concerns about its vulnerability to a cyberattack, but the source of the confusion was later revealed to be a laptop in use by a contractor.

She is two and a half times the size of the Invincible-class, and has the ability to carry approximately three times as many aircraft. Despite this, Queen Elizabeth has marginally fewer crew than the Invincible-class. She is approximately three times as large as HMS Ocean. The ship has two superstructures, or islands, one for navigation and ship's operations and the other for flight control and aerial operations. The islands can take on each other's function in an emergency.

The two ships of the Queen Elizabeth class are each expected to be capable of carrying forty aircraft, a maximum of thirty-six F-35s and four helicopters. The 2010 SDSR anticipated the routine peacetime deployment of twelve F-35Bs, but a typical warload will be 24 F-35Bs and some helicopters. These could be a Maritime Force Protection package of nine anti-submarine Merlin HM2 and five Merlin Crowsnest for airborne early warning; alternatively a Littoral Manoeuvre package could include a mix of Royal Navy Commando Helicopter Force Merlin HC4, Wildcat AH1, RAF Chinooks, and Army Air Corps Apaches. As of September 2013 six landing spots are planned, but the deck could be marked out for the operation of ten medium helicopters at once, allowing the lift of a company of 250 troops. The hangars are designed for CH-47 Chinook operations without blade folding and for the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor, whilst the aircraft lifts can accommodate two Chinooks with unfolded blades.

The two ships of the Queen Elizabeth class will each carry four passenger transfer boats (PTBs) made by Blyth-based company Alnmaritec. Each PTB carries 36 passengers and two crew to operate the vessel. The first boat named is named Swordfish, after the World War II-era aircraft of that name. The boat is 13.1 m long and davit-launched. To enable the craft to fit into the docking area the navigation and radar masts are fitted with Linak actuators so that they can be lowered automatically from the command console. The enclosed cabin is heated and there is a set of heads forward. The second of the four PTBs is named Buccaneer after the Blackburn Buccaneer, and the third is Sea Vixen, named after the De Havilland Sea Vixen.

Defensive weapons include the Phalanx Close-In Weapons System for anti-aircraft and anti-missile defence, and 30mm Automated Small Calibre Guns and Miniguns for use against fast attack craft. She would be escorted into high risk areas by the Type 45 Destroyer, which was made specially to fulfil this role. In lower risk situations, frigates or even patrol vessels may be used instead.

Incorporated into the first two blocks is a sophisticated handling and deployment system for air weapons, with the aim of achieving a sortie generation rate which is about six times faster than any previous Royal Navy aircraft carrier. The system requires only 50 people and could be operated with as few as 12 in an emergency; it is estimated that 160 would be needed to produce the same efficiency with conventional equipment. The system moves munitions on pallets by means of remotely controlled electric vehicles and lifts.

(Gibraltar 2018, £3, StG.?)
Internet

TRAKAI CASTLE BRIDGE

For the Europa issues, Litauen issued two stamps in 2018 of 0.75 Euro, by the stamp with the Trakai Castle Bridge the Litauen Post gives.

Trakai Castle Bridge - a pedestrian bridge on Lake Galvė leading to one of the larger islands - Castle Island in Trakai. The bridge connecting the city with the castle consists of two parts, among which the Karaim or Cowan Island.

There are some medieval type vessels depict in the foreground of which I think by looking to the rigging that the small vessel on the left of the stamp is a “kurenas” see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8754
On the right of the stamp two ships of the “maasilinn” type are depict see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14743

Litauen 2018 0.75 Euro sg?, scott?
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