FISHING INDUSTRY IN NAMIBIA

Namibia issued in 2004 3 stamps for the fishing industry, which is important for the country and special the Walvis Bay port. Two stamp the N$1.60 and N$2.75 shows us fishing vessels the other show us a production line in a fish factory at shore.
Of the two fishing vessels I have not much details, the N$1,60 shows us the discharging of the fish. The N$2.75 stamp shows a stern trawler alongside clumsy moored without bowlines and only a spring line. She would not stay long alongside before blown of the quay, a mistake by the designer.

Namibia has one of the most productive fishing grounds in the world, based on the Benguela Current System, one of the four eastern boundary upwelling systems in the world (the others are off North – West Africa, off California and off Peru). These systems support rich populations of fish, which form the basis for the Namibian marine fisheries sector.
Namibia‘s 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)’s commercial biomass contain about 20 different species consisting primarily of small pelagic species (pilchard, anchovy, horse mackerel and mackerel) and lobster along the shallower onshore waters on the continental shelf, as well as large pelagic species including adult mackerel, demersal hake and other deep – sea species (monkfish, sole and crab) in the waters further offshore.
Out of the 20 fish species commercially exploited in Namibia, eight species are regulated through TACs (Total Allowable Catch). Resources available in quantity for export are horse mackerel and hake. Namibian horse mackerel is the dominating species in terms of volume in the Namibian waters. It contains only three to eight percent body fat, it is both healthy and highly nutritional as well as a vital staple food source for many nations in the region. Hake products are of good quality and increasingly in demand in EU and other international market for the catering and retail markets.
The orange roughy is another of Namibia’s marine resources. This fish, often referred to as the ‘diamond of the sea’, is a rare, high-priced addition to Namibia’s exports in this sector. Only commercially exploited in 1994, Namibia has become the world’s second largest supplier of Orange roughy, however the catches of the species have been small in recent years.
Other marine exports include rock lobster; crab; oysters; monk; tuna; pilchards, seaweed, anchovy, redeye, snoek, sole, kingklip, panga, John dory, angelfish, shark, swordfish, kob, barbel, squid, cardinal fish, Cape guarnard, grenadier, Jacopever, chub mackerel, octopus and mullet.
The state of the stocks is fair for most of the species, despite declining landings in recent years. However it is the pilchard stocks that are of much concern to the nation. The pilchard population was seriously reduced during the 1990s due to negative environmental circumstances between 1993 and 1995 (so-called ‘Benguela-Niño’) and the negative effects of over-fishing in the period before independence. In 2001, the stock assessment was indicating less than 100,000 MT. The Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources made the decision to set zero quotas for pilchard in 2002 in order to allow the rebuilding of the stocks. In October 2003, the adult stocks of this short-lived species were estimated to be 300,000 MT.

Source: http://www.fao.org/fi/oldsite/FCP/en/nam/profile.htm
Namibia 2004 N$1.60/4.85 sg?, scott?

RAIDER HMS (P275)

Built as a fast patrol and training vessel by Ailsa Shipbuilding Company in Scotland for the Royal Navy.
January 1988 launched as HMS RAIDER (P 275)one of the Archer class..
Displacement 54 ton, dim. 20.8 x 5.8 x 1.8m. (draught)
Powered by Two Rolls Royce MTU V12 diesel engines, ?hp., twin shafts, speed 25 knots, maximum speed 45 knots.
Range 550 mile.
Armament: 1 – Oerlikon 20mm cannon and 3 general purpose machine guns.
Crew 12.
January 1998 commissioned.

2015 Underwent a refit and her MTU engines were replaced by two Caterpillar C18 Acert diesels each 875 hp.

HMS RAIDER is an Archer-class patrol and training vessel of the British Royal Navy. Along with her batch 2 sister-ship, HMS TRACKER, RAIDER is part of the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron based at HMNB Clyde.
Characteristics
RAIDER is one of sixteen 20-metre, 54-tonne P2000 patrol craft operated by the Royal Navy. She is constructed from glass-reinforced plastic. As a "batch 2" vessel, RAIDER has a sustainable top speed of 24 knots, faster than her batch 1 sister ships due to her more powerful turbocharged MTU diesels; she can exceed 24 knots in suitable sea conditions. Both RAIDER and TRACKER operate in the force protection role, providing maritime security for high value shipping in the Firth of Clyde, and are armed with three general purpose machine guns.
Service
RAIDER, formerly of Cambridge URNU, became Bristol URNU's training ship in Summer 2010, superseding HMS TRUMPETER. In October 2012 she joined the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron to replace HMS DASHER, which returned to Bristol URNU.
3018 In service.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_RAIDER_(P275)
Jersey 2018 local post sg?, scott?

FOUDROYANT HMS 1798

Built as a 2nd Rate ship-of-the-line for the Royal Navy.
17 January 1788 ordered.
May 1789 keel laid down.
31 March 1798 launched under the name HMS FOUDROYANT named after a French warship that was captured in May 1758. The name means destroy.
Tonnage 2.054 tons (bm), dim. 184.0 x 50.6 x 22.6ft.
Armament: lower deck 30 – 32pdrs., upper deck 32 – 24pdrs., quarter deck 14 – 12pdrs. forecastle 4 – 12pdrs. and 2 – 32pdrs., poop deck 6 – 18pdrs.
Crew 650.
May 1798 commissioned under command of Capt. James Dacres, command was taken over on 25 May 1798 by Capt. Sir. Thomas Byard.
26 June 1798 completed.

11 October 1798 the FOUDROYANT came in action off Ireland with other British warship against the French invasion fleet to Ireland under command of Admiral J.B.F. Bompart, during this action nine men were wounded. Many French ships destroyed or captured, and the French invasion of Ireland was lost.
31 October 1798, Capt Byard died on board and Commander William Butterfeld took over command temporarily.
November 1798 under command of Capt. John Elphinston, as flagship of Vice Admiral Lord Keith.
06 December 1798 she sailed for the Mediterranean.
April 1799 command was taken over by William Brown and in June 1799 by Capt. Thomas Hardy.

06 June 1799 Rear Admiral Nelson moved his flag from the VANGUARD to the FOUDROYANT at Palermo.
It was on this ship that Nelson fell in love with Lady Emma Hamilton when the FOUDROYANT was in Naples, and their daughter Horatia most probably was conceived on board.
From October 1799 under command of Capt. Sir Edward Berry, 1800 blockaded Malta.
18 February 1800 captured the French Le GÉNÉREUX (74-gun).
Lord Nelson got ill at the beginning of March 1800 while on board the FOUDROYANT and was landed in Palermo on 16th March; the FOUDROYANT sailed from Palermo on 21st without Nelson.

30 March 1800 together with the PENELOPE and LION she captured Le GUILLAUME TELL, she lost 8 men and got 61 men wounded, she was partly dismasted in this action.
During this action she used 161 barrels of gunpowder, and fired 1200 32-pound round shot, 1240 20-pound, 100 18-pound and 200 12-pound round shot.

24 April 1800 she took Lord Nelson from Palermo to Syracuse, where she arrived on the 30th.
At Malta from 20 May till 1 June 1800 when she returned to Palermo.
05 June 1800 carried the Queen of Naples her suite and Lord Nelson to Livorno, arrived Livorno during a fresh gale in the evening of 14th.
She was then in need of a refit, and Nelson struck his flag at the end of June, from where he overland returned to England together with Lady Hamilton.
The FOUDROYANT sailed to Minorca for a refit.
She changed in 1801 a few times from commanders, when she was flagship of Vice Admiral Lord Keith in the Mediterranean. She took part in the Egypt operations.
22 February 1801 sailed from Marmarice, Turkey together with the fleet and transports, arrived Aboukir Bay on 2 March. The troops were landed on the 8th. During this operation the FOUDROYANT lost one sailor and one wounded.
June 1801 command taken over by Capt. John Clarke Searle.
September 1801 command taken over by John Elphinston
03 July 1802 the FOUDROYANT arrived at Portsmouth, still as flagship of Lord Keith.
July 1802 paid off at Plymouth, thereafter she got a refit from January 1803 till November that year.
June 1803 re-commissioned under command of Capt. Peter Spicer, as flagship of Rear Admiral Sir James Draces
From October 1803 flagship of Sir Thomas Graves in the Channel Fleet.
March 1804 under command of Capt. Peter Puget.
October 1805 under command of Capt. John White, she was then flagship of Vice Admiral Sir John Warren.
13 March 1806 in action against a French squadron, taken the French Le MARENGO.
January 1807 under command of Capt. Richard Peacock, late 1807 under command of Capt. Norborn Thompson, at the blockade of the River Tagus.
1808 Under command of Capt. Charles Schomberg, as flagship of Rear Admiral Sir Sydney Smith for the South America Station at Rio de Janeiro.
1810 As flagship of Admiral Michael de Courcy and under command of Capt. Richard Hancoock returned to the U.K from the South America Station in August 1812.
November 1812 paid off.
From January 1815 till April 1819 under repair at Plymouth.
1820 Guardship at Plymouth.
From October 1839 till June 1840 under repair at Plymouth, thereafter in reserve.
March 1861 fitted out to receive Armstrong guns for training the Channel Squadron.
From 1862 till 1884 gunnery training ship at Plymouth.
Then moved to Cambridge.
12 January 1892 sold to J. Read, who sold her to a German shipbreaking firm.
After a public outcry to sell a vessel where Lord Nelson had been on board, money was raised by Joseph Cobb and his son Geoffrey to buy the ship back.
She was bought back for £6.000 from the German breaker in the Baltic, where dismantling had already begun.
Thereafter fitted out by J.R. Wheatly Cobb, an other £20.000 was spent to restore her as a training ship for boys.
Whilst on a fundraising and propaganda cruise, at anchor off Blackpool on 16 June 1897 during a gale she broke one of her anchor chains, and dragged the remaining anchor, she went ashore, and became a wreck.
Her crew and some young boys were rescued by the Blackpool lifeboat.
Attempts to refloate her were not successful, her guns were removed and the wreck was sold for £200.
During the December gales that year she broke up.

Source: Some web-sites under which http://www.cronab.demon.co.uk/F.HTM The lost Ships of the Royal Navy 1793-1900 by Gosset.
British warships in the Age of Sail 1793-1817 by Rif Winfield.
Malta 2006 29c sg?, scott?

PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II tall ship

Bermuda used four stamps in 2017 Tall Ships Race, which made a call at Bermuda. All depict tall ships of which three has already been depict on stamps, only the PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II is the only vessel not depict before on a stamp.

Built as a wooden hulled two-masted topsail schooner tall ship by G. Peter Boudreau, Inner Harbour, Baltimore for the Pride of Baltimore Inc.
30 April 1988 launched as the PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II
Tonnage 97 grt, 67 net, dim. 47.70 x 7.90 x 3.70m. (draught), length of keel 32.80m.
Two auxiliary diesel engines 160 hp each, speed13 knots.
Accommodation for 12 crew and 6 guests.
Sail area 970 square metres.
23 October 1988 completed.
Homeport Baltimore, USA.

After the tragic sinking of the original PRIDE OF BALTIMORE in May 1986, the Board of Directors of the non-profit public / private agency that operated PRIDE for the City were reluctant to build a replacement, but an outpouring of unsolicited financial support from the public forced the Board into going forward with a new ship. By late summer of 1986, plans for a replacement were under way. The ship was to be named PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II and serve as a sailing memorial to the original PRIDE. She was to be another "Baltimore Clipper" topsail schooner that would continue the mission of the first ship. With an insurance payment of just under $500,000, along with a state grant of $1 million, and various contributions from private citizens, students, corporations, and foundations of over $2.5 million, sufficient funds were available to build a new ship and endow an operating fund
Construction and Service
Thomas Gillmer was once again commissioned as designer and supervising architect. Peter Boudreau, one of the builders and captains of the original vessel, was named as master shipwright and builder. Guided by the experience of the original PRIDE, the Board determined that this vessel could better fulfill the mission of Globe-trotting Ambassador that had evolved over the years if she was larger and had more cruising range both under sail and under power. It was also determined that PRIDE II would have additional modern safety features so as to be licensed by the United States Coast Guard as a subchapter "T" vessel approved for carrying passengers. With these guidelines in hand, designer Gillmer set out to create a new PRIDE that would look much like the original on the outside but have more contemporary amenities and safety features below deck
Like the original PRIDE, the PRIDE II is not a replica of a specific vessel, and, although it represents a type of vessel known as a "Baltimore Clipper", it was built to contemporary standards for seaworthiness and comfort but like its predecessor, is a topsail schooner. On May 3, 1987, the keel was laid in Baltimore's Inner Harbor, and PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II soon began to take shape in the temporary shipyard set up along the waterfront with its progress watched and monitored by thousands of daily tourists and citizen visitors. The keel and all the other framing and planking materials were shaped out of Central American hardwoods from Belize. On this ship, modern power tools and techniques were used to speed construction. When onlookers periodically opined that "Them 19th century shipbuilders sure didn't use no kinda power tools," shipwright Leroy Suroski correctly pointed out, "They woulda if they woulda had 'em." Built in the iconic "Baltimore Clipper" style, PRIDE II has heavily raked masts, and has 10 sails, she carries two large gaff sails (one on a boom and one loose-footed), a main gaff topsail, three headsails, and a square topsail and flying topgallant on the foremast. Also rare on modern traditional sailing vessels, she flies studding sails (stun's'ls), additional sails set along the edge of the square topsail and the mainsail on temporary spars known as stun's'l booms. Additionally PRIDE II carries a very unusual sail known as a ring-tail, set like a studding sail it extends from the main boom to the main gaff
Over two decades later in its storied career, on September 5, 2005, the PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II suffered a complete dismasting while sailing in a squall in the Bay of Biscay off the western coast of France. The ship returned to port under motor power for repairs.
Until 2010, the PRIDE OF BALTIMORE II was owned by the citizens of the state of Maryland and operated by PRIDE OF BALTIMORE, Inc., a private, nonprofit organization. Ownership was transferred to the ship's nonprofit operator with unanimous approval by Maryland's state governmental Board of Public Works on June 9, 2010.
2018 In service, same name and owners.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PRIDE _of_Baltimore Great sailing ships of the World by Otmar Schauffelen.
Bermuda 2017 1.15c sg?, scott?

LA GRANDIÉRE (L9034)

Built as a small transport ship by Chantiers Normandie Grand Queville Francais des Quest, Rouen for the French Navy.
27 August 1984 laid down.
11 December 1985 launched as the La GRANDIÉRE (L 9034) named after the French Vice Admiral Pierre-Paul de La Grandiére. She is one of the Champlain class.
Displacement 770 ton, full load 1,330 ton. Dim. 80 x 13 x 3m. (draught).
Powered by two SACM Wärtsilä UD 33 V 12 M4 diesel engines, 3,600 hp, (2,650 kW), twin pitch propellers, speed 16 knots maximum, during patrols 13 knots.
Range 4,500 mile by a speed of 13 knots.
This yard was closed so most probably fitted out by another yard. Miramar gives that she was built by Francais de L’Quest in St Nazaire.
Armament: 2 – 81mm mortars, 2 – 20mm type F2 and 2 -12.7 MG.
Can carry 400 ton or one company of 3 off, 15 petty off. and 118 men.
One LCVP and one LCPS landing vessel, and a landing platform for a helicopter.
Crew: 44.
21 January 1987 completed.

Based at Pointe des Galets, Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean. She was used for maritime surveillance operations in the Indian Ocean.
19 May 2016 she sailed for France, made calls at Cape Town, Boma (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Dakar and Lisbon and arrived on 11 July 2016 in Brest.
The same year decommissioned and waiting dismantling in Brest.

Source : Mr. Jean-Louis Araignon. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/batral/lag ... racter.htm. Wikipedia and Miramar.
TAAF 2018 1.70 Euro sg?, scott?

LION HMS 1778

Built as a 3th Rate ship-of-the-line by the Portsmouth Drydock for the Royal Navy.
12 October 1768 ordered.
May 1769 keel laid down.
03 September 1777 launched under the name HMS LION.
Tonnage 1.377 ton, dim. 159.0 x 44.8 x 19.0ft.
Armament: Lower deck 26 – 24pdrs., upper deck 26 – 18pdrs., quarter deck 10 – 9 pdrs., forecastle 2 – 9pdrs. (1794 increased with 2 – 24pdrs. carronades), poopdeck from 1794, 6 – 18pdrs..
Crew 500.
07 September 1778 completed.

May 1778 commissioned.
06 July 1779 she fought in the Battle of Grenada under command of Capt. William Cornwallis, she was badly damaged, and forced to run down winds to Jamaica, she stayed the next year on the Jamaica station.
March 1780 she came in action with two other Royal Navy ships to a larger French force off San Domingo, while a second action took place off Bermuda in June 1780 with a French force carrying the troops of Rochambeau to North America. The British squadron was not strong enough, and the French squadron did not seek the confrontation and pressed on. Most probably the LION and her squadron were homeward bound.
December 1780 till January 1781 refitted and coppered at Portsmouth.
August 1783 after the war she paid off.
Under repair from February till September 1787 at Portsmouth.
June 1790 re-commissioned under Capt. Seymour Finch, for the Spanish.
September 1791 paid off.
Again fitted out at Portsmouth from March till July 1792.
May 1792 re-commissioned under command of Sir Erasmus Gower.
26 September 1792 she sailed out from Spithead with on board Lord Mccartney’s with his suite of 100 beside soldiers and servants for the court at Peking as ambassador to the Chinese Emperor Tchien Lung. With her was the tender HMS JACKALL and the East Indiaman HINDUSTAN.
The JACKALL lost contact in a gale off Portland on 28th September and made the voyage independently till she made again contact on 23 March 1793.
On her passage from Batavia to North Island (where is that?) she struck a knoll, but got not much damage.
October 1794 after her return paid off at Chatham, got a refit there till April 1795.

February 1795 re-commissioned under command of Capt.George Palmer, for the North Sea station.
Command was later taken over by Capt. Henry Inman.
1796 Command taken over by Capt. Edmund Crawley her crew took part in the Noire mutiny in 1797.
July 1797 command taken over by Charles Cobb, and in September 1797 under command of Capt. Manley Dixon.
02 June 1798 sailed for the Mediterranean, took part in the blockade of Malta 1798 –1800.
15 July 1798 came in action against the Spanish frigates SANTA CAZILDA (34-guns), POMONA, PROSERPINE, and SANTA DOROTEA off Cartagena, the SANTA DOROTEA armed with 42 guns and a crew of 370 was captured. The LION had only 2 men wounded.
08 April under command of Capt. Lord William Stuart till July when command was taken over by Capt George Hammond.
30 August 1800 together with the PENELOPE and FOUDROYANT took the French Le GUILLAUME TELL off Malta. During this action she lost 8 men and got 38 wounded.
November 1800 paid off at Chatham, got a refit there from February till May 1801.
March 1801 re-commissioned under command of Capt. Henry Mitford.
19 May 1801 sailed together with a convoy of East Indiamen from Portsmouth for China.
1803 After her return in reserve at Chatham.
Under repair by John Dudman at Deptford from December 1804 till December 1805.
December 1805 under command of Robert Rolles, and January 1805 re-commissioned.
May 1806 sailed for the East Indies, convoyed home some East Indiamen. After her return in the Channel Fleet.
27 December 1807 took the privateer La RÉCIPROCITÉ (14-guns) which had sailed from Dieppe off Beachy Head.
February 1808 under command of Capt. Henry Heathcote, 05 March 1808 she sailed for China.
18 July 1810 sailed again for the East Indies.
July 1811 at reduction at Java.
1812 Flagship of Vice Admiral Robert Stopford at the Cape of Good Hope.
From 1812 till 1813 under difference captains flagship of Rear Admiral Charles Tyler at the Cape.
August 1814 fitted out as a sheer hulk at Plymouth.
September 1816 moved to Sheerness.
30 November 1837 sold to John Levy & Son at Chatham for £2.300 for breaking up.

She is one of the two-deckers depict on the stamp.

Source: http://www.cronab.demon.co.uk British Warships in the age of Sail 1793 – 1817 by Rif Winfield.
Malta 2006 29c sg?, scott?

Rakit-raft of Malaysia

Rakit- term for a raft of logs or bamboo poles in Indonesia and Malaysia: . Used on rivers to transport produce and timber, or in quiet waters as a houseboat. Materials lashed together with bark or wood-fiber ropes. Bamboo rafts have thicker ends at the bow, tapering toward the stern; square at bow with a long, wooden peg run athwartships through holes in the poles. When carrying a heavy load, 2-3 layers of poles may be bound together.Poles along the sides serve as gunwales; a raised platform covered with palm thatching provides a shelter.Often poled from the bow and stern, supplemented by paddlers. Length may exceed 13m.
Malaysia 2016;3,0RM.
Source: . A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.
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