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Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Nov 08, 2019 10:19 pm

kyrkfard i Mora.jpg
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1973 kyrkfard i Mora.jpg
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This stamp is designed after a painting made by Anders Zorn (1860-1920) “kyrkefard I Mora”.

“kyrkbåt” Sweden: Boat that took people to church sometimes devoted solely to this function. Used widely in Sweden, mainly on lakes and rivers, but also between some coastal islands. Reported from at least the 15th century. Design varied regionally and in some areas even within the same lake system where village traditions fostered local designs. Most large boats had special boathouses. Best known are the very large boats of the Dalecarlia (Dalarna) region in central Sweden, especially of Lake Siljan. A few boats remain, and they are raced on special occasions,
Some reached a length of 18.5m. and required 20 oarsmen manning 10 pairs of oars. 14 pairs are cited, and the largest is reported as carrying 90 people. Sharp ends; curved stern and sternpost, scimitar-shaped as the top; keel; rounded bottom, steep floors; flaring sides; sheer sweeps up at one or both ends. Clinker planking fastened with staples; 1-piece frames. Oarlocks cut into the top strakes and shaped into a specially cut gunwale. Rowed double-banked. Steered with an oar. At Lima on the Väterdälalven River in western Sweden, the “kyrkbåtar” were smaller, mainly worked with 3-5 pairs of oars (the treäringer and fyrräringar) by 5 and 7 oarsmen respectively. The stem and sternpost more curved but vertical; the stem protected by a metal band. Carvel planked, fastened with staples; top strake phased out into the end sheer; outwale; middle ribs scarfed; bulkhead at each end. Wide, low benches; flooring at the stern. Crescent-shaped oarlock with the notch at the top of the crescent; fastened to top strake. Length ca. 7.25m, beam 1.5m, depth 0.33m. The boats of Dälalven Lake northwest of Uppsala, can be rowed and sailed. Clinker-planked; T-keel; flat. S-shaped bottom; wide, flaring sides. Strongly raked, straight stem; greatest depth at the heel of the sternpost; tapers up toward the stern, merging into the sharply raked, elongated sternpost. Rudder follows angle of the sternpost, flaring sharply at the bottom; curved tiller. Oars held to natural crook oarlocks by rope grommets. The “sorbåt” employed 3 pairs of oars. The “tvårodd “2 pairs. Length 9.4m, beam 2.4m,. A type at Väringen Lake in the southeast was a small flat bottomed dugout, called “ökstock”. The boat at Sundby on this lake called a “körkoka”, was twice as large as the others, using 7 oars. The same term was used for a flat-bottomed 3-oared boat on Råsvalen Lake in central Sweden. In southeast Sweden some of the boats were of the “eka” type (kyrkeka), with a narrow, raked bow transom, raked stern transom, flat bottomed, flaring sides 2-piece frames. Used 4-5 pairs of oars. Rudderpost had a blade only toward the bottom; tiller. Length ca. 6m, beam 2m, depth 0.6m.

Taken from Aak to Zumbra a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.
Sweden 1973 65 ore sg 730, scott?
Posts: 6611
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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