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DELIGRAD paddle steamer

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DELIGRAD paddle steamer

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Feb 10, 2012 8:36 pm

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At the 1948 Danube Conference it was agreed between Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Yugoslavia that the river transport along the Danube River should be free and equal for all freighters from all countries and that the necessary river dues should be uniform for all countries. The Danube convention between the littoral states was concluded at Belgrade.
Yugoslavia issued in 1948 a uniform set showing a bridge and steamers under which the former Royal yacht KRAJINA. sg 582/85.

On 14 December 1979, Yugoslavia issued a set of stamps where the motifs were chosen by the advertising manager of the Yugoslavia River Shipping, depicting historic Danube river steamers.
The DELIGRAD with a displacement of 45 ton, dim. 58 x 7.10m. Powered by a steam engine of 100 hp.
She was named after the Battle of Deligrad in which the Serbian got a victory over the Turkish forces in 1806.
She was the first steamer to sail the Danube under Serbian flag in 1862. She was one of the first ships of the domestic river fleet and a pioneer vessel of the Serbian Shipping Company; she was purchased from Russia along with eight barges and played a historic role in the liberation from Turkish rule.
March 1867, Prince Mihalja Obrenovic sailed on her to Constantinople to receive from the Sultan of Turkey the liberation “firman”; a month later the Turkish Pasha, Ali Riza (other source Ziza) accompanied by the remnants of the Turkish army, left Belgrade for ever, again on the DELIGRAD.
She became a hospital ship, transporting the wounded from the Drina to Belgrade during the 1876-1878 wars. Along with many other ships of the domestic river fleet was she destroyed soon after the outbreak of World War I.

Yugoslavia 1979 4d90 sg1910, scott?

Source: from a leaflet supplied by the Yugoslavia Post. Navicula and some web-sites.
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Re: DELIGRAD paddle steamer

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Jun 09, 2019 8:57 pm

From Mr. Raul Antero Macedo da Fonseca I received the following update on the DELIGRAD.

The DELIGRAD

After the victory of the Austrian Empire of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which tried to expel the Austrians from the Kingdom Lombardo-Veneto, the Imperial Government decided to establish a wide network of navigation for transport of passengers, cargo and troops along the Valley of the Po River. Appealed to the Austrian Lloyd (Osterreichischer Lloyd), founded in 1836, to reorganize her navigation system throughout Northern Italy, including the Po Valley and the Ticino River to Milan, Chioggia and Venice lagoon to Lake Maggiore and the region of Trieste. Subsequently, this large network of passenger and cargo transport has been extended to the Bojana River and to Lake Skadar (Albania) and the Danube to the Black Sea.

To this purpose, Austrian Lloyd went on to acquire in France, Switzerland and the Netherlands passenger steamers, tugs and barges. In France, they ordered by Schneider et Cie , Le Creusot, three tugs: PIACENZA, PAVIA and FERRARA. The PIACENZA was sold in 1862 to the Serbian Government and renamed DELIGRAD.

The PIACENZA was completed in 1853 and arrived the same year in Trieste. It was a steel hulled tug, 420 (GRT). 50 metres long, 6.7 m wide (15 m. over paddle-boxes), 1.0 meter draft and fitted with 150HP steam engine.

The PIACENZA sailed on the Po River until the summer of 1861, when she left with 10 small barges to the lower Danube, where Austrian Lloyd was operating a service between Galatsi and Braila.

By that time, as the Franco−Serbian Company had failed in its purpose to establish a shipping service in the region, the Principality of Serbia decided to buy a steamship for its own needs, and PIACENZA was bought in Galatsi, along with eight barges.

At that time she carried two cannons.

In charge of business was Captain Franja Franosović, who hired Captain Božo Radoničić to command the DELIGRAD to Belgrade, in the capacity of second captain. On 15 July 1862, renamed DELIGRAD, she sailed of Galatsi towards Belgrade and, three days later, arrived in Kusjak, at the time an important river port, but could not proceed because of the low level of the Danube at that time. The ship and the crew remained there, and later, they stayed in Brza Palanka in order to protect the ship from ice that was floating on the Danube, until March 1863.

In the spring and summer of 1864, she transported coal from Dobra to Belgrade, serving various ministries and Serb institutions. In addition to its main function – towing barges and cargo ships carrying food, fuel and other commodities, the DELIGRAD was occasionally used as a passenger ship. On the Christian holiday Pentecost in May 1865, it transported passenger’s free-of-charge from the Sava port in Belgrade to the national holiday celebration in Topčider and back again. Even Prince Mihailo Obrenović occasionally used the DELIGRAD. In June 1864, he used her to travel to Dubravica, from where he travelled by road to visit flood-struck regions throughout Serbia. In the spring of 1865, the Prince and Princess travelled on the DELIGRAD to Šabac to attend the Šabac horse races.

Years later, the DELIGRAD also participated in an important military mission, transporting along with their barges Turkish troops that were abandoning the Principality.

The DELIGRAD was redesigned in 1895 and refitted into a passenger ship, operating between Belgrade and Radujevac (Negotin, Bor).

06 April 1914 was sunk by her own crew.

Sources:
KAROVIĆ, Gordana. Establishing Steam Navigation in the Principality of Serbia.
Id. DELIGRAD, the First Steamship of the Principality of Serbia.

VERONESI, Mario. La Navigazione a Vapore sul Fiume Po.

CHERINI, Aldo & NIGIDO, Manlio. La Navigazione sul Fiume Po e il Contributo del Lloyd Austriaco.
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