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ADEN 1856

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ADEN 1856

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Dec 11, 2012 8:34 pm

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I believe and Mr. Crichton also that it is an artistic license of a ship depict on this stamp from a much later date. From Mr. Huang Guojian from China I got that China sources give she is the ex P& O Liner ADEN built in 1856. She was the first ship owned by the China Merchant Steam Navigation Co. in Shanghai.
I have the book P&O a Fleet History by the World Ship Society the book did not have a photo of the ship, so I am very suspicious if the ship depict is the right vessel, all the P& O liners from that time were built with a clipper bow and one funnel and were rigged as a sailing vessel. And when the World Ship Society not has a photo of the ship most probably there exist not one. I believe the ship depict is from a much later date than 1856.

From China post comes:

An issuance ceremony of special stamps by China Post commemorating the 140th anniversary of China Merchants, organized by the Merchants Group and China Post, was held at the National Museum of China in Beijing on October 26. 2012

The special stamps include three with the titles "Establishing Business by Pujiang River", "Development at Shekou", and "Making Greater Achievements".

China Merchants, established in 1872 when China was still in the late Qing Dynasty, is China's first enterprise of China's modern history. It has experienced 140 years of development, symbolizing the uncommon development history of China's national enterprises. It is a good representative of China's national business and industry, which has established China's first modern industrial zone, the Shekou Industrial Zone in Shenzhen in south China's Guangdong Province since the opening-up and reform of China in the late 1970s. It has now developed into a large corporate group with key businesses in transportation, finance and real estate in the new century.

The following URL has ADEN history under P&O flag: ... 856pdf.pdf

Built as a passenger-cargo liner by the yard of Summers Day & Co., Northam, Southampton for the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O).
21 May 1856 launched as the DELTA.
Tonnage 812 gross, 507 net, dim. 78.49 x 9.08 x 5.63m
Powered by two direct-acting trunk steam engines, manufactured by the shipbuilder, 954 ihp, one screw, speed 12 knots, during trials she reached a speed of 14.5 knots.
Accommodation for 112 first class, 22 second class.
Cargo capacity 590 tons.
While she was fitted out she was renamed in ADEN in anticipation of P&O taken over the Suez/Bombay mail service from the East India Company.
23 August 1856 after she ran trials she was handed over to the P&O.

27 August 1856 sailed from Southampton for her maiden voyage to Gibraltar.
01 October 1856 sailed from Southampton to Bombay where she arrived on 27 December.
08 March 1857 made a trooping voyage to the Persian Gulf.
12 March 1858 based at Hong Kong for most of the rest of her career under P& O flag.
28 February 1863 broke her propeller shaft and lost her screw off Amoy, and returning to Hong Kong under sail.
02 March 1863 was towed in at Hong Kong by the CADIZ.
12 March 1863 again in service after repair at Whampoa.
02 August 1864 refitted with new boilers at Bombay at the same time all her deckhouses, bulwarks, forecastle, spars and rigging were renewed.
Her passenger capacity decreased to 33 first class.
November 1872 sold to Prefect Chu, Shanghai for £15,000 and immediately resold to China Merchants Steam Navigation Co, Shanghai, not renamed.
1875 Reduced to a hulk.

China sources give that she was wrecked on 31 March 1879 in Dagu, Tianjin port with the loss of 52 persons. (I think the Chinese sources are more accurate over her fate.)

Sources: The all mentioned book. Mr Huang Guojian.

China 2012 1.20f sg?, scott?
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