PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

Admiral Karpfanger(L'Avenir)

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Admiral Karpfanger(L'Avenir)

Postby Anatol » Wed Jan 23, 2013 4:41 pm

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The Admiral Karpfanger (formerly L'Avenir Belgian, French for the Future), was a German four-masted barque, which in 1937 purchased by Hapag as sail training ship. The L'Avenir was after her commissioning in 1908 about 20 years used as a training ship in the Belgian merchant marine. From that time no specific incidents have been reported.In the early 1930s, it was sold due to the global economic crisis to the Finnish shipowner Gustaf Erikson, who maintained a fleet of cargo gliders, which he used in the Australian wheat ride.
1937 was acquired by L'Avenir HAPAG that the ship was used as a training ship for its officer cadets. The ship was overhauled, renamed Admiral Karpfanger (after Hamburg captain Berend Jacobsen Karpfanger) and classed by Germanischer Lloyd in the class 100 A4. In September 1937, the barque of her new home port of Hamburg ran with a crew of 60 men (27 man crew, 33 cadets) under Captain Walker to Australia. In December, she arrived at Port Germain in Spencer Gulf (South Australia) and took on a cargo of 42,549 bags of wheat.On 8 February 1938 was the Admiral Karpfanger from Port Germain, with the aim of Falmouth or Queenstown (Ireland). The route took it around Cape Horn. Before leaving Captain Walker had informed the shipping company that the generator of Funktelegraphieanlage not properly worked. Walker had the order, the shipping information on radio at least once every 14 days over the location of the ship.On 1 March 1938 reported the Bark Norddeich radio their position at 51 degrees south latitude and 172 degrees east longitude. She was so on the usual sailing route between South Australia and Cape Horn, however, was apparently not progressed at the expected rate. The cause is unknown. On 12 March 1938 confirmed the Admiral Karpfanger receiving a radio message. That was the last sign of life from Bark.
On 21 September 1938, the Admiral Karpfanger in Seeamtsverhandlung in Hamburg was declared missing .Years later, on the Patagonian coast of Argentina's tractor Galvarino wreckage were found, which were assigned to Admiral Karpfanger, including wooden doors ship with German inscriptions and a 6.40 m-long piece of wood from a mast or a yard. These items have been landed from the Galvarino the port of Ushuaia. Still later, another wreck pieces have been found, a box labeled Frieretsen Wellington and debris of a lifeboat that had been driven on Wollaston Iceland. In Aguirre Bay on the Argentine side of Tierra del Fuego to a non-identifying lifebelt was stranded, but this was attributed to the Admiral Karpfanger. To date, it is assumed that the bark is either collided with an iceberg or accrued on a reef and then immediately slipped. In any case, the accident must have occurred so suddenly that no more lifeboats were exposed.
Рaraguay 1977;25,0g;SG?
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Re: Admiral Karpfanger(L'Avenir)

Postby john sefton » Fri Oct 25, 2013 10:09 pm

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This beautiful 2,738 ton four-masted barque was built in 1908 to replace the cargo cadet ship "Comte de Smet de Naeyer", which had been lost at sea. "L'Avenir" served her owners as training ship for about twenty years, during which time she built up a reputation for smartness and all-round ability. When at last she was replaced by the State owned "Mercator", she passed into the hands of Captain Gustaf Erikson of Mariehamn, and soon became as well known in his fleet of grain ships as she had been under her original flag. During this time she retained the original white hull and spars of her training days, instead of the black hull and buff spars of most of her contemporaries, with the result that she was usually referred to as "Erikson's yacht". About the end of 1936 she was sold to the Hamburg-America Line, who once more fitted her out as a training ship and sent her to sea as the" Admiral Karpfanger", and in November, 1939, she was posted " missing".
Scale ship models by H Underhill.
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Re: Admiral Karpfanger (L'AVENIR)

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Apr 29, 2019 9:51 pm

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Togo 2018 800F sg?, scott?
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