Manahiki and Rakahanga are two islands (atolls) separated by about 50 miles. . Originally there was one community. They would reside on only one island for a year, then remove the outrigger floats from their canoes, join their canoe hulls to make double canoes and sail in a fleet to the other island. This would allow a year for the coconuts to grow, and the fish to replenish the lagoon before the community returned. However when missionaries arrived from England the idea of making annual canoe voyages from one island to the other frightened them. So they simply forbade it, separating their converts into two separate communities. . Bad move -- with both islands under constant settlement it was not long before the population outgrew the resources of each island. To day extinct double canoe of Manihiki, one of the northern islands,consisted out of dugout hulls, about the same size, constructed in sev¬eral pieces, butted and sewn together. Each bow had a shallow forefoot raked upward in a straight line;sterns raked up more gently. Hollowed-out end pieces added, the bows terminating in a sharp point, the sterns truncated and scored with notches on top. Deep hull with tumble home; strong bottom rocker, with reverse rocker just abaft the forefoot. Washstrakes, set on flanges, flared out slightly; leaf weatherscreens also used. Hulls elaborately decorated with inlaid mather-of-pearl and the black paint is made from the oil and charcoal of candlenuts (kukui nuts). . Several stout booms connected the hulls that were set parallel, but the bow and stern were opposite so they could sail in either direction; some had a platform laid across the booms. Set 2 sails, probably triangular, apex down. Masts stepped in the same hull or in opposite hulls; one forward, the other aft. Steered with a paddle notched to fit over the boom on the quarter.
Penrhin 1992г,1,95$, SG468. Source : A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra and other Web Sites..
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