The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.


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Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Dec 05, 2013 2:36 am

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2013 Robert C. Seamans.jpg
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Built as a training vessel under yard No 242 by J.M. Martinac Shipbuilding Corp. Tacoma, Washington USA for the Sea Education Association Inc. (SEA),Woods Hole Ma.
Designed by Laurent Giles.
12 July 2000 keel laid down.
Launched as the ROBERT C. SEAMANS named for a former Chairman and Trustee of the SEA’s board.
Tonnage 211 grt, 104 nrt, displacement 300 ton, dim. 36.29 x 7.75 x 5.27m., length bpp 27.6m, draught 4.2m.
Auxiliary engine: one 8-cyl Caterpillar type 3408 DITA diesel engine, 455 hp (339.4 kW), one screw, speed ?
Brigantine rigged, sail area 794.7 m³.
Accommodation for 40 persons.
27 July 2001 delivered to owners. Based in the Pacific.

She is used by the SEA for oceanographic research and sail training world wide.
Fitted out with hydrographic winches, bathymetric equipment, biological and geological sampling equipment, a wet and dry laboratory and a computer laboratory.
Mostly works in the Pacific Ocean.
2013 In service, same owners, IMO No 9245483.

Sao Tome et Principe 2013 25000 Db sg?, scott?

Source: ABS Record.
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Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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