SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year.
Other benefits include the availability of a "Packet" for anyone who wants to purchase or sell ship stamps.
Full membership of £17 (UK only) includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

NAU

Suriname issued in 1992 one stamp for the expelling of the Jews from Spain in 1492, the stamp shows a Spanish, Portuguese sailing ship from that time and named by Stanley Gibbons as a “nau”. The rigging looks a bit strange on the nau depict on the stamp, it shows a four mast ship, square sails on the fore and main mast and two lateen sails on the other two masts. Most naus carry on the fore and main mast also a topsail not visible on the stamp.

Nau is the generic term for a 14th to 16th century ship in Catalan, Spain. During the 15th -17th centuries could be synonymous with “nef”, “carrack” or “galleon; later with a frigate type vessel. Sometimes term was given to the major ship in a convoy. Some scholars include in the term all vessels of western origin with keels. Many Basque built in the 16th century.
In general high-sided with castles forward and aft, 2 – 3 decks, beamy, short keel; deep hull and a midline rudder. Estimated to have been between 120 – 500 ton.

Source: Aak to Zumbra a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.

Wikipedia has more on the settlement of the Jews in Suriname.
Suriname has the oldest Jewish community in the Americas. During the Inquisition in Portugal and Spain around 1500, many Jews fled to the Netherlands and the Dutch colonies to escape social discrimination and inquisitorial persecution, sometimes including torture and condemnation to the stake. Those who were converted to the Catholic faith were called New Christians, conversos, and, less often, "Marranos". The stadtholder of the King of Portugal gave those who wanted to depart some time to let them settle, and supplied them with 16 ships and safe conduct to leave for the Netherlands. The Dutch government gave an opportunity to settle in Brazil (at that time part of Brazil was a colony of the Netherlands). Most found their home in Recife, and merchants became cocoa growers. But the Portuguese in Brazil forced many Jews to move into the northern Dutch colonies in the Americas, The Guyanas. Jews settled in Suriname in 1639.

Suriname was one of the most important centers of the Jewish population in the Western Hemisphere, and Jews there were planters and slaveholders.

For a few years, when World War II arrived, many Jewish refugees from the Netherlands and other parts of Europe fled to Suriname. Today, 2,765 Jews live in Suriname.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_o ... n#Suriname
Surinam 1992 250c sg1529, scott 927.

CHINESE POST BOAT type sampan

Uganda issued in 1997 a miniature sheet for the “PACIFIC 97” World Philatelic Exhibition in San Francisco, USA, the top stamp shows us a Chinese Post boat under sail.

She is a “sampan” in China it is the general term for a small boat that can’t otherwise be classified as a junk, barge etc.
Word originally used mainly by foreigners, but now frequently used by the Chinese themselves. Design and use vary widely, depending on local needs and customs. Some carry cargo, produce and livestock, other ferry passengers; some are floating kitchens; many are used as a fishing boat;and often used as houseboats. Characteristically she has a plank between the stern wings as seen on the stamp.
The sampan is generally rowed or sculled but occasionally raise a small cloth, battened lugsail as seen on stamp to a midship mast.
Dimensions: some are 6.5m long, 1.5m beam and 0.61m deep.

Source: Aak to Zumbra a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.
Uganda1997 800s sg 1859, scott 1496a

FORWARD brig + Jules Verne

For the 100th anniversary of the death of Jules Verne (1828-1905). Liberia issued a miniature sheet in 2005, which show on 1 stamp the brig FORWARD in the ice. The book gives she was 170 ton, and also fitted out with an auxiliary steam engine.

The Adventures of Captain Hatteras (French: Voyages et aventures du capitaine Hatteras) is an adventure novel by Jules Verne in two parts: The English at the North Pole (French: Les Anglais au pôle nord) and The desert of ice (French: Le Désert de glace).
The novel was published for the first time in 1864. The definitive version from 1866 was included into Voyages Extraordinaires series (The Extraordinary Voyages). Although it was the first book of the series it was labeled as number two. Three of Verne's books from 1863-65 (Five Weeks in a Balloon, Journey to the Center of the Earth, and From the Earth to the Moon) were added into the series retroactively. Captain Hatteras shows many similarities with British explorer John Franklin.

Plot summary
The novel, set in 1861, described adventures of British expedition led by Captain John Hatteras to the North Pole. Hatteras is convinced that the sea around the pole is not frozen and his obsession is to reach the place no matter what. Mutiny by the crew results in destruction of their ship but Hatteras, with a few men, continues on the expedition. On the shore of the island of "New America" he discovers the remains of a ship used by the previous expedition from the United States. Doctor Clawbonny recalls in mind the plan of the real Ice palace, constructed completely from ice in Russia in 1740 to build a snow-house, where they should spend a winter. The travelers winter on the island and survive mainly due to the ingenuity of Doctor Clawbonny (who is able to make fire with an ice lens, make bullets from frozen mercury and repel attacks by polar bears with remotely controlled explosions of black powder).
When the winter ends the sea becomes ice-free. The travelers build a boat from the shipwreck and head towards the pole. Here they discover an island, an active volcano, and name it after Hatteras. With difficulty a fjord is found and the group get ashore. After three hours climbing they reach the mouth of the volcano. The exact location of the pole is in the crater and Hatteras jumps into it. As the sequence was originally written, Hatteras perishes in the crater; Verne's editor, Jules Hetzel, suggested or rather required that Verne do a rewrite so that Hatteras survives but is driven insane by the intensity of the experience, and after return to England he is put into an asylum for the insane. Losing his "soul" in the cavern of the North Pole, Hatteras never speaks another word. He spends the remainder of his days walking the streets surrounding the asylum with his faithful dog Duke. While mute and deaf to the world, Hatteras' walks are not without a direction. As indicated by the last line "Captain Hatteras forever marches northward".

New America
New America is the name given to a large Arctic island, a northward extension of Ellesmere Island, as discovered by Captain John Hatteras and his crew. Its features include, on the west coast, Victoria Bay, Cape Washington, Johnson Island, Bell Mountain, and Fort Providence, and at its northern point (87°5′N 118°35′W87.083°N 118.583°W), Altamont Harbour.

As with many of Verne's imaginative creations, his description of Arctic geography was based on scientific knowledge at the time the novel was written (1866) but foreshadowed future discoveries. Ellesmere Island had been re-discovered and named by Edward Inglefield in 1852 and further explored by Isaac Israel Hayes in 1860-61. Forty years after the novel's publication, in 1906, Robert Peary claimed to have sighted Crocker Land around 83° N, and in 1909, Frederick Cook sighted Bradley Land at 85° N, both at locations occupied by Verne's New America. Cook's choice of route may actually have been inspired by his reading of Verne/
The land is named by Captain Altamont, an American explorer, who is first to set foot on the land. In the novel as published, it is unclear whether New America is meant to be a territorial claim for the United States. As William Butcher points out, this would not be surprising, since Verne wrote about the US acquisition of Alaska in The Fur Country, and Lincoln Island is proposed as a US possession in The Mysterious Island.[2] In fact, a deleted chapter, "John Bull and Jonathan," had Hatteras and Altamont dueling for the privilege of claiming the land for their respective countries.
Adaptation

In 1912, Georges Méliès made a film based on the story entitled Conquest of the Pole (French: Conquête du pôle).

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Adven ... n_Hatteras
Liberia 2005 sg?, scott 2333a.

LIBYAN ANCIENT SHIPS issue 1983

Libya issued six stamps in 1983 to commemorate the 25th Anniversary of the Internationale Maritime Organization, The stamps show ancient types of ships which have been sailing in the Mediterranean.

Phoenician berime 100dh sg1303, scott 1090 viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11213&p=11918&hilit=phoenician#p11918

Ancient Greek penteconter war galley 100dh sg 1304, scott 1092. https://www.militaryfactory.com/ancient ... enteconter

Ancient Pharaoh Egyptian ship 100dh sg1305, scott 1095. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14305&p=16144&hilit=ancient+Egyptian+ship#p16144

Roman trading ship 100 dh sg1306 scott 1093. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10015&p=10398&hilit=roman+trading+ship#p10398

Viking longship 100 dh sg1307, scott1091. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10360&p=10855&hilit=viking+longship#p10855

Libyan xebec rigged ship 100dh sg 1308, scott1094.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10503&p=11928#p11928

Libya 1983 sg 1303/08. Scott 1090/95.

Admiral Ibrahim Pasha and Egyptian fleet

For the 100th anniversary of the death of Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848) Egypt issued 1 stamp of 10M which shows on the right a portrait of Admiral Ibrahim Pasha with on the left what is believed the Egyptian fleet, Stanley Gibbons gives that it shows the “Battle of Navarino in 1827”.
Wikipedia has the following on Admiral Ibrahim Pasha: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahim_Pasha_of_Egypt

Egypt 1948 10m sg 351, scott 272.

paddlesteamer

Yugoslavia issued in 1997 a miniature sheet for the National Stamp Exhibition JUFN XI in Belgrado, the MS shows in the top margin a paddle steamer on which I have not any information.

Yugoslavia 1997 5ND sgMS?, scott?
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A GLIMPSE OF EVERYDAY LIFE IN THE VIKING AGE

The full index of our ship stamp archive

A GLIMPSE OF EVERYDAY LIFE IN THE VIKING AGE

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 16, 2014 8:12 pm

tmp13F.jpg
Click image to view full size
The stamp in the margin shows us two boats used in that time at the Faroer Islands and one used for daily use and fishing, the other under construction and in the background on the right a Viking longboat under sail.

Where people spend any amount of time, they leave traces, including the remains of the buildings they once erected in their settlements. Most domestic waste was thrown out of the door, where it remained unless anything that might be edible was eaten by domestic animals such as cats, dogs and pigs. It is this detritus that can give posterity an insight into what it was like to live in the past. If this knowledge is to be gained, however, such material relics must undergo archaeological investigation.

On the farms around the Faroe Islands the people of the Viking Age lived off what the land, both the infields and outlying pasture, could produce together with what could be caught at sea, landed from the coast and hunted in the mountains.

The kitchen utensils used in the households of the period were partly of domestic and partly of foreign origin. The imported goods were either produced abroad or made from foreign raw materials, i.e. materials that were not found locally on the islands. These included utensils and implements made from soapstone, e.g. vessels and pots, which were more or less bowl-shaped and were used for cooking. They varied greatly in size from less than 20 cm to around 50 cm in diameter. As the same types of vessel found on the Faroe Islands are also found in Norway, it is natural to assume that such goods were imported from Norway. Another possibility is Shetland, where soapstone is also found as a raw material.

Households used earthenware as well as soapstone vessels. Based on the information available, it is impossible to say whether the early settlers, or Landnamsmen as they are called, were already using earthenware when they arrived on the islands. There is a great deal to indicate, however, that earthenware became part of domestic life during the Viking Age, i.e. in the late 10th – 11th century. This is interesting in terms of cultural history, because back in Norway earthenware had been completely abandoned in favour of soapstone vessels, a practice that the Northmen brought with them as they travelled west. These earthenware vessels are all unglazed, shaped by hand, generally by coiling and without a wheel, and fired at a low temperature. There seems to be considerable variation in shape, with bowl-shaped, hemispherical and bucket-shaped vessels having been found. There is also considerable variation in size, with the opening varying between about 18 and 30 cm, for example, and the height between around 10 and 20 cm. Food encrustation on the inside indicates that the earthenware vessels were used for the preparation of food. However, no remains have been found that might have been linked to earthenware productionitself, e.g. kilns, but it is easy to imagine earthenware vessels being fired in the hearth.

The exciting investigations into animal bones that have taken place in recent years have provided an insight into the animal husbandry of the past and the resources exploited in the Viking Age. It has been established that pigs were widely kept in addition to sheep and cattle, while compared with other locations in the North Atlantic, seabirds accounted for a very large proportion of the diet on the Faroe Islands.

Rooms were illuminated by means of oil lamps, which might have been no more than hollowed-out stones. But there are also examples of lamps being carved from tuff, a soft, volcanic rock that was easy to carve, which is why such lamps often had various forms of simple decoration.

In addition to the above types of kitchen utensil made from stone, the people also used a lot of different vessels made from wood, including turned wooden vessels and small, carved rectangular vessels or bowls. Staves and heads from large and small crozed wooden vessels have also been found. The many finds of twisted juniper stems are characteristic of the remains of older settlements. Juniper grew locally when people and animals took possession of the islands. The stems have been found in many different lengths and thicknesses, and were used as handles for wooden vessels or as ropes, for example. Wooden pins of varying sizes have also been found. Some of then are frequently interpreted as being so-called “sausage skewers” and others as being spindles used for working with wool.

Apart from food preparation, other important indoor chores included wool processing. Finds of spindle whorls and warp weights bear witness to this activity. The spindle whorls, which can be of basalt or tuff, are often also made from fragments of broken soapstone pots. Weights were required for work on verticallooms. Some special forms of warp weight made of drilled slate for hanging seem to have been imported, but ordinary basalt stones with a groove round the outside were also widely used.

In daily work both indoors and out cutting implements such as knives and scythes, for example, were indispensable, and they had to be kept sharp. The number of whetstones found bears witness to this. They were made from both clay slate and mica schist – even whole blanks of the raw material for whetstones have been found. This is another example of goods that had to be imported from Norway.

Hay was produced for animal feed. But grain was also grown on the Faroe Islands, with the grain of the Viking Age being six-rowed barley. This had to be ground, which was done using millstones of relatively soft mica schist characterised by hard red garnets inclusions. This raw material is found at Hardanger in West Norway. Studies have shown that this area had large quarries that produced schist for making millstones for export as long ago as the Viking Age.

The fields were not the only place where work was done. Sinkers testify to the importance of fishing. These might be made from soapstone, which frequently turned out to have been reworked from vessel fragments. But it was most usual, perhaps, to use large and small pebbles with a groove round the outside to secure the line to.

Apart from the knives previously mentioned, metal artefacts include iron locks, rivets and fish hooks of various sizes. The metal finds frequently occur in very small fragments such as bronze plates with rivets attached, which may have been rim or opening hardware for wooden vessels, for example. The quitefrequent finds of slag may also be the result of forging to do with the utensils already mentioned.

In visualising how people on the Faroe Islands dressed during the Viking Age, we must make do with drawing comparisons with what is known from other locations in the North Atlantic, but there are several finds to indicate that people quite liked to dress up. There is, for example, evidence of objects that can be described as personal accessories – ornaments such as bone combs, for example, both single and double. People wore necklaces and bracelets with both amber beads and silver- or gold-coated glass beads. They also wore silver rings, fine bronze buckles and ring pins, which they attached to their clothes.

Leisure activities and children’s games clearly also played an important role in everyday life in the Viking Age. In addition to gaming pieces, half a game board has been found with “Nine Men’s Morris” on one side and the Old Norse game of “Hneftafl” on the other. Finely carved horses and toy boats were made for the children, with examples being found at the Viking Age farm in Kvívík and the summer settlement at Argisbrekka near the village of Eiði.

Just as in other locations in the North Atlantic the art of writing was also practised on the Faroe Islands in the Viking
Age. Several artefacts made of both wood and stone with engraved runes were found during the excavation of dwellings in Eiði and Leirvík, for example.

The imported materials provide clear evidence that the Viking Age population on the Faroe Islands was not isolated to any great extent. Such materials clearly indicate quite close contact with the outside world, as likely as not in the form of trading relations both with the inhabitants’ old homeland, with communication doubtlessly originating in Bergen, and the other Norse settlements in the areas to the south of the Faroe Islands.

Faroer Island 2005 7.50 Kr. SgMS?, scott?

Source: Faroer Post
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