Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

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Anatol
Posts: 784
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm

Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by Anatol » Mon Dec 15, 2014 10:05 pm

Hatshepsut meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies ; 1508–1458 BC was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt . Hatshepsut came to the throne of Egypt in 1478 BC. Officially, she ruled jointly with Thutmose III who had ascended to the throne as a child one year earlier. Hatshepsut established the trade networks that had been disrupted during the Hyksos occupation of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period , thereby building the wealth of the eighteenth dynasty. She oversaw the preparations and funding for a mission to the Land of Punt . Hatshepsut built a Red Sea fleet to facilitate trade between the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and points south as far as Punt to bring mortuary goods to Karnak in exchange for Nubian gold. Hatshepsut personally made the most famous ancient Egyptian expedition that sailed to Punt. During the reign of Queen Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC, ships regularly crossed the Red Sea in order to obtainbitumen , copper, carved amulets, naptha and other goods transported overland and down the Dead Sea to Elat at the head of the gulf of Aqaba where they were joined ith frankincense and myrrh coming north both by sea and overland along trade routes through the mountains running north along the east coast of the RedSea. A report of that five-ship voyage survives on reliefs in Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri . Throughout the temple texts, Hatshepsut "maintains the fiction that her envoy" Chancellor Nehsi , who is mentioned as the head of the expedition, had travelled to Punt "in order to extract tribute from the natives" who admit their allegiance to the Egyptian pharaoh. In reality, Nehsi's expedition was a simple trading mission to a land, Punt, which was by this time a well-established trading post. Moreover, Nehsi's visit to Punt was not inordinately brave since he was "accompanied by at least five shiploads of [Egyptian] marines" and greeted warmly by the chief of Punt and his immediate family. The Puntites "traded not only in their own produce of incense, ebony and short-horned cattle, but [also] in goods from other African states including gold, ivory and animal skins." According to the temple reliefs, the Land of Punt was ruled at that time by King Parahu and Queen Ati. This well illustrated expedition of Hatshepsut occurred in Year 9 of the female pharaoh's reign with the blessing of the god Amun :
The Land of Punt by the ancient Egyptians, was an Egyptian trading partner known for producing and exporting gold, aromatic resins, blackwood, ebony, ivory, and wild animals. The region is known from ancient Egyptian records of trade missions to it. Some biblical scholars have identified it with the biblical land of Put.
At times Punt is referred to as , the "land of the god".
The exact location of Punt is still debated by historians. Most scholars today believe Punt was located to the southeast of Egypt, most likely in the coastal region of what is today Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Northeast Ethiopia and the Red Sea coast of Sudan. However, some scholars point instead to a range of ancient inscriptions which locate Punt in theArabian Peninsula.[6] It is also possible that the territory covered both the Horn of Africa and Southern Arabia.

Antigua&Barbuda1991;4d;SG1509. Libya1983;100dh;SG1305. Equatorial Guinea1974;0,10e;SG? Gambia1980;67b;SG442; Bulgaria1975;1s;SG2435. Madagascar 1993;5,0f;SG996. Mongolia1981;10m;SG1367. Egypt1926; 10m;SG139. 1995;15p;SG1965.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatshepsut
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt
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Arturo
Posts: 723
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by Arturo » Wed Dec 17, 2014 9:18 pm

Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Grenada Grenadines 1996, S.G.?, Scott: 1861d.
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Last edited by Arturo on Tue Dec 23, 2014 2:41 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Anatol
Posts: 784
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm

Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by Anatol » Fri Dec 19, 2014 7:09 pm

Arturo, I can not agree that the ship is the picture of the stamp is a ship Hatshepsut.Firstly,it is the ship of river, and secondly, the ship 2500 BC.I think the artist made a mistake and you repeated this mistake. The ships of Hatshepsut were depicted on the temple walls Del El Bahri (see pictures). I regret.
The ships pictured on the bas relief were trade ships which participated in Hatshepsut 's trade expedition to Punt, which took place in the ninth year of her reign (Hatshepsut was a lady pharaoh who lived in the 15th century BC and reigned as the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty ).
The ship-“Min”
International team of archaeologists, shipwrights and sailors recently built a full-scale replica of a 3,800-year-old ship and sailed it on the Red Sea to re-create a voyage to a place the ancient Egyptians called God's Land, or Punt. . It was named after the Egyptian fertility god Min.The “Min of the Desert”is a modern working copy of an Ancient Egyptian ship of Hatshepsut 's time, built for the BBC documentary The Pharaoh Who Conquered the Sea . The ship “Min of the Desert” was hand built by 4 men and 2 teenage boys in the modern Hamdi Lahma & Brothers shipyard in Rashid, Egypt (which was called Rosetta in classical times). The builders used traditional tools and original techniques to craft the Min after a sea-going Egyptian trade ship from 3500 years ago.
Source:www.fsu.edu/news/2009/03/09/egyptian.sailors/
ferrebeekeeper.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/min-of-the-desert/
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Arturo
Posts: 723
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by Arturo » Fri Dec 26, 2014 9:29 pm

Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Poland 1963, S.G.?, Scott: 1124.
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Anatol
Posts: 784
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm

Re.Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by Anatol » Sat Jan 03, 2015 12:38 pm

Ships of Hatshepsut
Afghanistan1997;4000af;SG? Sierra Leone1996;1500Le;SG Ms341. San Marino1963;1,0li;SG690. Guinea Bissau1988;50p;SG1054.
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aukepalmhof
Posts: 7201
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 15, 2015 7:35 pm

The vessel depict on this stamp with the inscription Queen Hatshepsut warship 1476 BC is from a much older period. I found in Bjorn Landstrom book Sailing Ships on page 10 and 11 a drawing of an Egyptian ship I believe is used partly by the designer of the stamp. All the stamps of ship-types used in Queen Hatshepsut time did have pole masts, while this ship has a bipod mast.
Landstrom gives: Pharaoh Sahure, who reigned around 2500 BC, sent ships both to Punt in East Africa and to Syria, and sea-going ships were found portrayed in his burial temple. A small model from the same period, flat bottomed and with angular bilges, have the same characteristic stems and sterns, and it is not impossible that the sea-going hulls were shaped in the same way. To reinforce them fore-and-aft, a number of ropes were stretched over fork shaped supports from bow to stern, and made taut with the aid of a stick thrust between the ropes. A double belt of rope tautened by a thinner zig-zag rope ran round the entire hull at deck level, and gave it further strength. We must assume that this vessel was otherwise constructed in the same way as Cheops boat.
Bipod masts seem to have been usual at this time. When the ship was under oars the mast was dropped and rested in a tackle (seen on the stamp at the stern of the vessel). Possibly, stones were attached to the legs of the mast so that it could be more easily raised. The positioning of the mast was well forward permitted sailing only if the wind was well astern. The sail was tall and narrow, and was possibly controlled also by a lower yard. The vessel was steered by six (oar) rudders, three on either side.

Grenada & Grenadines 1996 $1 sgMS2212, scott1861d
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john sefton
Posts: 1791
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

Re: Hatshepsut (Journey to the Land of Punt)

Post by john sefton » Sun Oct 20, 2019 8:08 pm

Egypt 2019 Sg2729
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2729 You can see a boat of Queen Hatshepsut in the logo..jpg

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