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Postby Anatol » Thu Jun 04, 2015 7:58 pm

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"Aurora" was founded November 23, 1833 at the Okhta shipyard. Colonel Corps supervised the construction of Naval Architects I.A. Amosov. Launched July 27, 1835, he became a member of the Baltic Fleet. I refer to the rank of the 44-gun frigate, but in fact was armed, at different times, from 54 to 58 guns (56g.; 58g.). "Aurora" the last of the Russian military sailboat made in the middle of the XIX century remarkable circumnavigation under the command of Ivan Nikolaevich Izylmetev.
It is believed that the name of the frigate gave himself Emperor Nicholas I. Some sources claim that he ordered to name the new ship "in honor of one of the most beautiful women of St. Petersburg" - Aurora Demidova Karlovna-Karamzina (nee Baroness von Stjernvall Wallen), the maid of honor of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna .
Displacement - 1940 tons, crew - 300 men armed - 34 guns (24 lbs.) And 24 carronades (24 lbs.). Length - 48.52 meters, width - 12.6 m, depth of hold - 3.874 meters of sediment - about 4 m. In 1836 the frigate was in practice swimming in the Baltic Sea. August 21, 1853 the frigate "Aurora", under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Ivan Nikolaevich Izylmeteva, left Kronstadt to the Far East on the route Copenhagen - Hristianzand - Portsmouth - Rio de Janeiro - m. Mountain - Callao - Bay de Castries to enhance squadron Vice Admiral EV Putyatin. On the night of September 15, 1853 in the North Sea frigate experienced a severe storm during which smashed the 10-oared boat, and the frigate had suffered serious damage, forcing him to go to the Norwegian port of Kristiansand. From October 3 to November 25, 1853 the frigate repair damage in Portsmut.When damages was repair the frigate without stopping in England, headed to the east coast of America. After completing the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, 15 January 1854 "Aurora" gave an anchor in the harbor of Rio de Janeiro. There had to stand waiting fair winds. January 31, 1854 the wind changed, and the frigate went out against storms and storm treacherous Cape Horn. Hard was given this transition "Aurora" and its crew, almost twenty days oncoming gales prevented the exit to the Pacific Ocean. Several people become seriously ill with scurvy (8 sailors died, 35 seriously ill), the frigate was in need of urgent repair: again flowed deck slots weakened rigging, were at the end of the food and provisions. But fate was merciful to the "Aurora", and when it seemed that had no hope to pass Cape Horn, blew a tailwind, the frigate by putting all the sails, on March 13 passed a graveyard of ships, and on the twentieth day came in the Peruvian port of Callao. In Callao (Hornbill) "Aurora" was blockade. British and French frigates was the presence in the Bay it was a great surprise. "Aurora" was trapped. Izylmetev knew that soon may start a war and thought that from day to day the news can reach Callao. On the night of April 14, 1854, in heavy fog, with "Aurora" were launched seven the 10-oared boats. Sailors of "Aurora" descended into barges. The silence was selected anchor on the boat served tugs, and not to set sail, and not to deploy the ship's nose, on the ropes, and using oars frigate was towed out to sea. Soon the fog hid the British patrol boat. "Aurora" came under the sails and disappeared into the ocean before the enemy could send her pursuit. A week later, the steamer "Virago" brought the news official, dated March 28 that had declared war on Russia. The last transition was very difficult. As soon as the "Aurora" came out of the tropics, she got into a band of brutal winds with continuous squalls frigate often scooped sides. While sailing on the "Aurora" was a lot of diseases. The first signs of scurvy appeared in Rio de Janeiro, Cape Horn there was dysentery. In the transition from Callao in Petropavlovsk 13 people died. Ill himself Izylmetev and 12 July 1853 relinquished command of the frigate senior officer, Lieutenant Commander Mikhail Petrovich Tyrol. On arrival in Petropavlovsk (19 June 1854) from the frigate was carried to ashore and sent for treatment to the hot springs in the village Paratunka 196 people. Unfortunately, 19 people died. The frigate was virtually no single healthy person. Special survey showed that "sanitary conditions, turned out to be quite satisfied on the frigate" .Change from Kronstadt to Petropavlovsk "Aurora" made of 198 days of sailing. The longest transition from Callao to Petropavlovsk length of 9,000 miles without calling at ports was made in record time - 66 days. July 14, 1854 Chief commander of the port of Petropavlovsk Yegorov Zavoiko notified the commander "Aurora" that has received from the American consul news: Russia declared war on England and France. On the morning of August 17 at the entrance to Avacha Bay appeared enemy squadron. August 18 evening, the first opponents exchanged a few artillery rounds. One day the enemy landed 600 marines. Defenders held for almost eight hours, landing at dusk returned to the court. Early in the morning August 27, 1854 the enemy squadron went to the open sea. "Aurora" and its accompanying ships headed for the Gulf of De Castries, where the "Aurora" again gave battle to the enemy. English squad headed to Vancouver, the French - in San Francisco. After retiring from Petropavlovsk "Aurora" was in the mouth of the Amur to the conclusion of peace. Received an order to return to the Baltic Sea, the frigate commanded by M.P. Tyrol came out of the mouth of the Amur, heading to the Pacific Ocean. The transition from the Far East was no less difficult than the way there, during a storm in the Sea of Japan, Indian and Atlantic oceans frigate have a list more than 40 °. In the early days of swimming at the "Aurora" because of severe storms to shatter the mast, deck flowed. All this forced the commander to change course and go to Singapore, where the frigate was repaired, stocked with fresh provisions and water, and, having rounded the Cape of Good Hope and headed to the islands of St. Helena. During this transition, the frigate were performed exemplary meteorological and astronomical observations. The team engaged in cannon exercises and sailing. On board the frigate, which had an ample supply of fresh herbs, food and water, there was almost no sicks. Circumnavigation" Aurora "in Kronstadt ended June 1, 1857 for three years nine months and 21 days lasted the Far East campaign frigate. April 8, 1861 is excluded from the list of ships of the Baltic Fleet and sold for scrap, and the name of the frigate is traditionally transferred to the cruiser I rank.
The design of the Tchad stamp is made after painting of P.T.Borispolets: "Frigate"Aurora"in the storm" ._ 1838.
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