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Pallada (frigate) 1832.Russia

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Pallada (frigate) 1832.Russia

Postby Anatol » Tue Jun 09, 2015 3:18 pm

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The frigate "Pallada" of the Russian Navy. Laid at the Okhta Admiralty in St. Petersburg November 2, 1831, launched on September 1, 1832.
The length of the frigate - 52.8 m, width - 13.6 m, weapons - 52 guns.
It was built by the famous builder of the XIX century, Colonel Corps of Naval Architects V.F. Stokke. The first was the captain of the frigate captain-lieutenant P.S. Nakhimov.
The frigate was built according to the personal instructions of Emperor Nicholas I, made in September 1831 Colonel VF Stokke. In the "imperial command" it indicates that the frigate should build on the system Seppingsov and to bond with the iron hull of the frigate ties. Underscores the frigate construction drawings of the English frigate "President" is a replica of the American frigate "President", which was taken by the British fleet as a trophy, and who was then one of the best ships for ocean sailing and raiding. Drawings in England got Captain Corps of Naval Architects I.A. Amosov, but Stokke decided to redesign the frigate for the application round (more durable and light), the stern and thus ventured to break the imperial designation.
Frigate got many new shipbuilding in those years, such as the use of chains instead of anchor lines, installation of cast-iron anchor hawse and instead use the barrels for storing drinking water in terms of square tanks tinned metal. In addition, Navy Fleet Command considered the "Pallas" and how towing artillery platform for the development of optimal ocean frigate artillery weapons. Especially a lot in this direction was made by the commander of the frigate since 1847. Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich.
In May and June 1837 the frigate delivered to England with a cargo of gold mints.After overhaul the change skin of the ship, the frigate received the new artillery, served the entire fleet for testing its rearmament .
In the years 1852-1855, under the command of Captain J.S. Unkovsky committed to a diplomatic mission of Vice Admiral E.V. Putyatin voyage from Kronstadt across the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific Ocean to the shores of Japan. This flight was the writer Ivan Goncharov, who wrote a series of travel notes.
After the talks in Nagasaki frigate headed to the Russian shore, where, out of fear of capture by the British in connection with the beginning of the Crimean War. The old ship with a body completely shattered ocean passage, got into two typhoons (in the Indian Ocean and Hong Kong), was sunk in the Bay of Postovaya Imperial (now Soviet) harbor, where it remains today.
In honor of the frigate named it was built in 1989, a training frigate.

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Re: Pallada (frigate) 1832.Russia

Postby Anatol » Mon Jun 22, 2015 9:10 pm

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Yevfimy Putyatin.
Y. V. Putyatin (November 8, 1803 – October 16, 1883) was a Russian admiral noted for his diplomatic missions to Japan and China which resulted in the signing of theTreaty of Shimoda in 1855. Yevfimy Putyatin was amongst the crew that sailed around the world with M.P. Lazarev (1822–1825). Нe led a Russian expedition to open Japan to trade, which went to England, Africa and Japan and back to Russia from 1852 to 1855, on board the frigatePallada, commanded by Admiral Ivan Unkovsky. These efforts culminated in the signing of a commercial treaty between Russia and Japan in 1855. He arrived in Nagasaki on August 12, 1853, just one month after the first visit of Commodore Perry. In his expedition, Putyatin was accompanied by a secretary, the writer Ivan Goncharov, who wrote a travelogue, The Frigate Pallada ,published in 1858 ("Pallada" is the Russian spelling of "Pallas").
He returned to Japan in October 1854 to continue the negotiations, landing at Shimoda. Negotiations were under way when the Diana was hit by thet sunami associated with the 1854 Ansei-Tōkai earthquake. Despite this the negotiations were successfully concluded on January 26, 1855, with the signing of the Shimoda Treaty. Putyatin's flagship Diana, which had been badly damaged, was on its way to Heda to carry out repairs, when it was sunk in a storm. Putyatin and the survivors continued to Heda, where they began to construct a new ship, christened Heda, with the help of the local people. The Heda, a 25 m schooner, was launched on May 10, 1855 and carried Putyatin back to Russia, where he was made a count in recognition of his successful trip.
In February 1857 he was appointed plenipotentiary to China and set out from St Petersburg in March of that year, and had a role in the Amur Annexation.
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