SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year.
Other benefits include the availability of a "Packet" for anyone who wants to purchase or sell ship stamps.
Full membership of £17 (UK only) includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

UTO LIGHTHOUSE

This stamp issued by Finland in 1946 for the 250th Anniversary of the Pilotage Authority shows us the old light tower of Uto built in 1753, on the stamp is also a sailing vessel which is not identified. The rigging looks like a schoonerbarque?

Uto is a small island in the archipelago of the Baltic Sea, Utö is the southernmost year-round inhabited island in Finland. Uto lighthouse was built upon this small island on the eastern side of the Uto inlet, which is the entrance of the channel that leads through and amongst the islands to Abo (Turku).

She was the oldest of the Finnish lighthouses and built in 1753 on Uto, also known as the main gateway to the Archipelago Sea. The Uto lighthouse was destroyed in the War of Finland 1808-1809, but was rebuilt in 1814. Subsequently, its tower has been remodelled several times.

The old tower was conical built, 30 meter high. The tower had two lights, an oil-light in the lantern on top of the tower and a coal fire outside the tower in an iron basket attached to the tower via a wooden type frame.

Source: Sailing directions for the Gulf of Finland, Navicula and internet
Finland 1946 8.00M sg 420, scott252.

KALEVALA POEM

For the 100th anniversary of the publication of the epic poem Kalevala, Finland issued three stamps in 1935 which shows on the 2,00 M stamp a type of Viking ship in which the hero of the epos Väinämöinen escaped with the “sampo”, made by the blacksmith Ilmarinen.
When the Goddess Louhi finds out that the “sampo” was stolen, she changed in an eagle, took her warriors on her back and landed on the boat of Väinämöinen (as seen on stamp), where after a battle started in which the boat sank, which took with her the “sampo”.
Plenty more on this poem you can find on the internet,

Encyclopaedia Britannica gives:
Kalevala, Finnish national epic compiled from old Finnish ballads, lyrical songs, and incantations that were a part of Finnish oral tradition.
The Kalevala was compiled by Elias Lönnrot, who published the folk material in two editions (32 cantos, 1835; enlarged into 50 cantos, 1849). Kalevala, the dwelling place of the poem’s chief characters, is a poetic name for Finland, meaning “land of heroes.” The leader of the “sons of Kaleva” is the old and wise Väinämöinen, a powerful seer with supernatural origins, who is a master of the kantele, the Finnish harplike stringed instrument. Other characters include the skilled smith Ilmarinen, one of those who forged the “lids of heaven” when the world was created; Lemminkäinen, the carefree adventurer-warrior and charmer of women; Louhi, the female ruler of Pohjola, a powerful land in the north; and the tragic hero Kullervo, who is forced by fate to be a slave from childhood.
Among the main dramas of the poem are the creation of the world and the adventurous journeys of Väinämöinen, Ilmarinen, and Lemminkäinen to Pohjola to woo the beautiful daughter of Louhi, during which the miraculous sampo, a mill that produces salt, meal, and gold and is a talisman of happiness and prosperity, is forged and recovered for the people of Kalevala. Although the Kalevala depicts the conditions and ideas of the pre-Christian period, the last canto seems to predict the decline of paganism: the maid Marjatta gives birth to a son who is baptized king of Karelia, and the pagan Väinämöinen makes way for him, departing from Finland without his kantele and songs.
The Kalevala is written in unrhymed octosyllabic trochees and dactyls (the Kalevala metre) and its style is characterized by alliteration, parallelism, and repetition. Besides fostering the Finnish national spirit, the poem has been translated into at least 20 languages; it has inspired many outstanding works of art, e.g., the paintings of Akseli Gallen-Kallela and the musical compositions of Jean Sibelius. The epic style and metre of the poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow also reflect the influence of the Kalevala.

Finland 1935 2.00M sg 307, scott 208. The painting shows the landing of Louhi on the boat, painting is made by Aksell Gallen Kallela.

Haukur 1973

Haukur was built in Reykjavík in 1973, thus being a youngster for a wooden boat. In the beginning she was designed as a fishing boat but due to the shipbuilder’s respect and enthusiasm for old sail boats the hull shape was rather unusual and in fact with a resemblance to the old shark and fishing schooners that were common around Iceland in the 19th century. When North Sailing bought the boat in 1996 it was soon clear that the boat would be a great sailing vessel and after serving 5 summers as an ordinary whale watching vessel the boat was transformed to a two mast schooner in the shipyard of Húsavík.

Phoenix 1929

The Phoenix is a ship built by Hjorne & Jakobsen at Frederikshavn, Denmark in 1929, originally as an Evangelical Mission Schooner.
Length: 112ft Beam21.9ft Draught 8.5ft. Propulsion 12 sails, 235 h.p. Volvo. Crew of 10

Missionary and cargo ship
Twenty years later she retired from missionary work and carried cargo until her engine room was damaged by fire. In 1974 she was bought by new owners who converted her into a Brigantine before being purchased by Square Sail in 1988. A first aid over-haul enabled her to sail back to the UK where she underwent a complete refit.
Appearances in films
Caravel Santa Maria
During 1991 she was converted to the 15th century Caravel Santa Maria for Ridley Scott's film 1492: Conquest of Paradise. The ship was known as Santa Maria until, in 1996, due to increasing demand for period square-riggers, she was converted into a 2 masted Brig and reverted to her original name Phoenix of Dell Quay.
Hornblower Series 3
Phoenix of Dell Quay was used as the ship Retribution in the Hornblower Series 3.

Wikipedia

Spirit of New Zealand 1986

The tall ship Spirit of New Zealand is a steel-hulled, three-masted barquentine from Auckland, New Zealand. It was purpose-built by the Spirit of Adventure Trust in 1986 for youth development. It is 42.5 m in total length and carries a maximum of 40 trainees and 13 crew on overnight voyages. The ship's home port is Auckland, and it spends most of its time sailing around the Hauraki Gulf. During the summer season, it often sails to the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson, at the top of the South Island.
The spirit of the project was derived from the sail training operations of the schooners "Sir Winston Churchill" and "Malcolm Miller" which were built for the organisation formerly known as the Sail Training Association ( STA) https://www.spiritofadventure.org.nz/th ... ur-history
The ship is used for a year-round programme of youth development, consisting primarily of 10-day individual voyages for 15- to 19-year-olds and 5-day Spirit Trophy voyages for teams of 10 Year 10 students. Once a year an Inspiration voyage for trainees with physical disabilities is run, as well as board of trustees and Navy training voyages. In addition, adult day, weekend and coastal voyages are offered to paying members of the public. The ship is usually in dry-dock for refit in November and does not sail on Christmas Day.
Design
The Spirit of New Zealand is a barquentine-rigged three-masted steel hull 33.3 m (109 ft) long, with an overall length of 45.2 m (148 ft) including the bowsprit, and a maximum width of 9.1 m (29.9 ft). She has a draft of about 4 m (13 ft) and a displacement of 286 tons. Under power, the Spirit of New Zealand can reach a top speed of 10 knots, and 14 knots under sail. A new engine installed in late 2010 is expected to increase the vessel's maximum speed.
The three steel masts are 28.7, 31.3, and 28.0 metres high and carry 14 sails totalling 724.3m² (7,965 ft²). There are 3 jibs and 4 square sails on the foremast. The main and mizzen masts are gaff rigged, and both can carry a gaff-topsail. In addition, there are 3 staysails on the main mast.
The hull is painted black with the ship's name and the Trust's website painted in white at the bow and across the stern. In addition, a large silver fern is painted on either side of the bow beneath the name. A stainless steel rubbing strake runs the length of the vessel and circular port holes are visible above the waterline. A wooden rail runs around the edge of the entire deck.
The standard crew of the Spirit of New Zealand has varied during her lifetime, but in 2010 consisted of 1 master, 3 mates, 1 cook, 1 engineer, 2 cadets, 3 volunteer watch assistants, 2 leading hands and 40 trainees. For day sail voyages, the ship is registered to carry significantly more passengers. The trainees are normally split 20 male and 20 female, and sleep in separate accommodation. A change to the male accommodation was made so that 6 of the bunks could be separated from the remainder, allowing voyages to sail with 26 females and 14 males. This change was made in response to frequently higher female applicants than male applicants.

Allahabad is a city on 3 rivers.

Allahabad is a city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, situated at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers.The name is derived from the one given to the city by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1583. The name in Indian languages generally is Ilahabad. The ancient name of the city is Prayāga (Sanskrit for "place of sacrifice") and is believed to be the spot where Brahma offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. It is one of four sites of the Kumbh Mela, the others being Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. It has a position of importance in the Hindu religion and mythology since it is situated at the confluence of the holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna, and Hindu belief says that the invisible Sarasvati River joins here also. A city of many dimensions is what befits a description of Allahabad. In addition to being a major pilgrimage centre, the city has played an important part in the formation of modern India. Hindu mythology states that Lord Brahma, the creator god, chose a land for 'Prakrishta Yajna'. This land, at the confluence of three holy rivers - Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati, blessed by gods, came to be known as 'Prayag' or 'Allahabad'. Foreseeing the sanctity of the place, Lord Brahma also called it as 'Tirth Raj' or 'King of all pilgrimage centres.' The Scriptures - Vedas and the great epics - Ramayana and Mahabharata, refer to this place as Prayag. Centuries followed. Allahabad became the headquarters of North Western Provinces, after being shifted from Agra. Well preserved relics of the British impact includes the Muir College and the All Saints Cathedral. Many important events in India's struggle for freedom, took place here - the emergence of the first Indian National Congress in 1885, the beginning of Mahatma Gandhi's non-violence movement in 1920. This confluence of history, culture and religion makes Allahabad, a unique city.
India 2011;500,500; Source:http://wikimapia.org/9805493/Allahabad.
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FLAT-BOTTOM type ship

The full index of our ship stamp archive

FLAT-BOTTOM type ship

Postby aukepalmhof » Sat Sep 23, 2017 3:22 am

Image (46).jpg
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Image (45).jpg
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For Sail Amsterdam 1985 the Dutch Post issued one stamp of 70c which shows us the rigging of a flat-bodem ship. By looking at the design a botter rigging has been used, see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10692&p=11282&hilit=botter#p11282
The envelope was used during Operation Sail 1986 from 3 – 6 July 1986 in New York in which 35 flat-bottem vessel from the Netherlands took part. The USA stamp was issued for the 100th Anniversary of the Statue of Liberty.
A flat bottom is - strictly - a ship with a flat bottom but usually this means an historical sailing vessels from the low countries that do not have, or almost have no keel. A flat bottom is also referred to as a flat-bottemed vessel - especially in earlier years.
Features
The features are a flat or substantially flat bottom and a keel that does not or barely stick beneath the bottom. A flat bottom has leeboards instead of a keel .
Platbodems have little draught and they can sit on the bottom without any problems. In tidal waters , they can wait during low tide on a sandbank till the water raise again.
In the Wadden Sea and the Zeeland waters this was often done by, for example, the shell, kelp and oysters fishermen. Their ships were equipped with a heavily constructed bottoms. In Zeeland: the hoogaars and the hengst, in the Wadden Sea: the Wieringeraak and various bolschepen . The smaller flat-bottoms were used for fishing and transport on the relatively shallow inland waters. In the province of Friesland, flat-bottom (mostly tjalks and barges ) were used to transport their cargo (peat, manure and mound earth) through shallow waters from Friesland to the Westland and the Randstad.
Original flat-bottom yachts are usually registered in the registry of round and flat-bottom yachts . The ships of the type of round-bottom, such as the Lemsteraak , Staverse jol and the boyer, belong to the family of flat bottom ships.
Distribution area
Flat-bodems are very suitable for the wadden areas and shallow estuarines of rivers. In Western Europe, they therefore occur in an area that extends from the Baltic Sea through the Frisian language area (including North Germany ), the Low Countries (including Belgium) and South-East England to the Thames River.
Current use
Chartering
Many Dutch flatbottoms, especially former sailing iron cargo ships, have been retained due to the rise of the tourist charter market , in the commenly named the Brown Fleet . They are then adapted for the reception of passengers, as a sailing holiday home (sometimes partyschip) with which cruises are held. This usually leads, but not always, to concessions related to the authenticity of the original ship. Fortunately, there are various, nicely refurbished larger ships. A number of things have also been developed on these ships, whether or not using modern materials. So some things can also be placed in modern times. These ships must fully comply with modern regulations and their owners want to earn their bread as before. This requires adjustments sometimes seen as non authentic.
Meanwhile, a number of ships have been built which have nothing to do with traditional or authentic. These drive the emotions of customers who want extreme comfort or a pirate ship.
They are sometimes acclaimed with brand names, while the words "authentic" and "original" are sometimes used in a very dubious way.
Monumental Company Ship
Another group of skipper/owners has returned its ships in old state as a sailing company vessel, with minimal necessary adjustments related to safety. These ships are often registered in the Netherlands as a Sailing monument in the National Register of Sailing Monuments . The owners are often members of the National Association for Conservation of the Historic Business Ship, the LVBHB. These flat-bottoms sometimes make trips, even fishing is possible. The proceeds of this form of rental are used to preserve the ship as a cultural heritage .
Pleasure craft
Some are also used as a pleasure craft. The owners of these last two groups often spend a lot of time, effort and money to keep their ships in good original condition.
Several municipalities with a port along the former Zuiderzee have recently shown that providing a berth to such ships is a good thing for the hospatality industry and shops, and that the ships greatly improves the view of the port and the city.
Houseboat;
A large number of former flat-bottoms are used as houseboats. They are moored with people as residents. It is possible that these ships fall under one of the above categories. There is also a new build accommodation on an existing hull. Whether it is falling under improving the view, always remains in dispute. Practically, however, it is generally for the intended purpose.
Species by geographic area
There are various types of flat-bottom with each their own features.
In the wadden area they were round of construction and were named as aak .
In the Frisian lake area , they were also built round but much lighter of execution and of exceptional beauty.
In the Zeeland waters they were sharp in construction with more depth fore than behind.
There was a lot of variation in the Zuiderzee (now IJselmeer) area
Ships of the eastern shore as the schokkers, bons and zeepunter are sharp and angular of construction.
West-shore and south-shore vessels are full-round and high at the bow with a deck, and low and open at the stern (clean), like the various botters and bolschepen, this was necessary for the various types of fishing.
Types of cargo
By cargo transport on the inland waterways , they are long and narrow in shape with a wide variety in performance and size. Among them are the types of aak , river clipper and the large family of tjalks and prams . These ships are often built with a particular purpose in mind. Thus, there are many different sizes and hull shapes. When used as a fisshing vessel, often made for a particular fishing area. Or for example, a format built special for a particular lock.
Especially the tjalks were the water-transport vehicle in the Low Countries and were used for everything, from the transport of peat, mound-earth and drek with the friesian tjalk and passenger transport across the Zuiderzee (now IJselmeer).

source: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platbodem

Netherland 1985 70c sg?, scott
aukepalmhof
 
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