SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year.

The editor of Log book will retire this coming August and, unless a new one comes forward, the society will close.
With this in mind, we are not taking in any new members.
This is an unfortunate situation but seemingly unavoidable.

CATHARINA 1862

Her name is given by Navicula as CATHARINA. The stamp is designed after a painting made by L. Petersen and P. Holm.

1862 Built by Dietrich Kremer in Blankenese for the brothers Captain Johannes and Johann Joachim Backhaus.
Launched as CATHARINA. (Not as given KATHARINA VON BLANKENESE)
Tonnage 128 gross, dim?
Rigged as a brigantine.
Homeport Blankenese, Germany.

24 April 1880 with a general cargo she stranded on the bar of Opolo, West Africa, and was wrecked.

The ships painting was made by Peter Christian Holm (1823-1888) who worked in Altona and Hamburg.
The CATHARINA was painted in 1864 when she entered CUXHAVEN on the Elbe River.
She is shown with the Schleswig Holstein flag.

The painting is now in the Altonaer Museum Hamburg.

Source: Navicula.
Paraguay 1977 2g sg?, scott 1764b

BACCHUS RFA (G.B.)

Built in 1914-'15 by William Hamilton & Co., Port Glasgow, #229, for the Indo-China Steam Navigation Co., Hong Kong and purchased by the Admiralty while on the stocks on 22 March 1915, launched 10 May 1915.
Stores freighter and distilling ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, displacement:3598 long tons (3656 t) Lbp:89.94m. (295'1") Beam:13.44m. (44'1") Draft:6.30m. (20'8") 2x3 cyl. triple expansion steam engines:? hp. 10 kn. complement:52, callsign:GQKB
On 4 May 1928, BACCHUS was in collision with the Greek cargo ship IOANNIS FALAFOS in the English Channel, 20 nm. south of St. Alban's Head, Dorset. IOANNIS FALAFOS sank in three minutes with the loss of ten of her 22 crew. The survivors were initially rescued by BACCHUS but she was severely damaged at the bows and was abandoned as it was thought that she would sink too. The British cargo ship MANCHESTER COMMERCE took all on board. BACCHUS was later reboarded once it became apparent that she would remain afloat. She was towed into Portland Harbour stern-first by an Admiralty tug. BACCHUS was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
She was renamed BACCHUS II in May 1936 in order to free the name for a new ship. She was sunk as target on 15 November 1938, 10 nm. off Alderney, the Channel Islands, by gunfire from the cruiser HMS DUNEDIN.

(Liberia 2012, $3, StG.?)
Internet.

HEINRICH VON STEPHAN

Germany issued in 1997 one stamp for the 100th Anniversary of the dead of Postmaster Heinrich von Stephan (1831-1897).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_von_Stephan

He introduced the postcard in Germany of which one is depicted on the stamp, it shows us a passenger-cargo vessel, which has not be identified so far I know. It is a very small image and the only thing it looks that her two funnels are yellow which belong to the Hamburg Amerka Line. She has a straight bow so it must be a vessel from around 1900.

German 1997 100 pf sg 2764, scott?

CHRISTIANA, JOMFRUEN and ATLANTIC SUN

Norway issued in 2008 a series of stamp for tourism in the country, two have a maritime theme.

So far I know the small vessels on this stamp of Oslo Harbour with in the background the City Hall have not been identified, in the last Watercraft Philately of Nov/Dec 2018 in an article by Dan Rodlie he gives the names and details of the three vessels on this stamp as, from the left to the right as CHRISTIANIA, JOMFRUEN and the ATLANTIC SUN.

The Oslo City Hall is the political and administrative heart of the city. It has an important place in the history of Norwegian art and architecture and is visited by more than 100,000 guests and tourists every year. Its two towers, best seen from the sea, stand 66 and 63 metres high. The bells on the top of the east tower provide pleasure for many people, as they play tunes every hour on the hour from 7 am to 12 pm each day.

On the stamp of Lyngor Lighthouse, the sail yacht is not identified, maybe one of the readers has a name for the yacht?
In the days of sailing ships, Lyngor was one of the most important harbours on the Skagerrak coast. It is now a popular place for holidays. Narrow, cemented paths, flanked by white picket fences, wind their way over these vehicle-free islands. Boats are the only means of transport in this South Norwegian Venice.
When Lyngor Lighthouse was finished in 1879, householders in Lyngor celebrated the event by putting lights in their windows. It had been touch and go whether the lighthouse would be built. The authorities had not recommended it, but men from the region with money and good contacts in the Storting took action and produced results. Today we call that lobbying!

CHRISTIANIA:
Built as wooden 3 mast fore-and aft schooner (borgåskute) by Paul Grünquist & Co shipyard in Valax, Finland
Launched as HELGA
Tonnage 143 gross, 85 net, 230 dwt, dim. ? x 24.5 x 9.10ft
Auxiliary oil engine hp?
1948 Delivered to owners.

Lloyds Registry 1955/56 gives for the HELGA as owner Gustaf Holmberg, at Borgå, Finland. Most probably he was also the owner when built.
1994 Sold to Norway Yacht Charter A/A, Oslo and renamed CHRISTIANIA (the former name of Oslo) and restored in her original condition.
Tonnage 123 gross, 38 net, dim. 45.70 x 7.45 x 2.61m, (draught), length of hull 33.20m
Sail area 550 square meters. 10 sails.
Auxiliary engine Caterpillar 6-cyl. diesel, 365 hp.
Crew 5-9, day passengers 150.
Used as a passenger sailing ship in the charter business around Oslo Fjord. When not in use moored in front of the Oslo City Hall.
2019 In service.

JOMFRUEN:
Built as a motor cutter BRILLIANT in Hardanger on the west coast of Norway in 1917.
For many years she carried mackerel from ports around Bergen and Stavanger to the fishmarket in Oslo.
On her return voyages from Oslo she hauled cement from Slemmestad outside Oslo to the west coast of Norway. She continued trading mainly along the western Norwegian coastline until 1984.
From 1984 in spring of 1988 she was converted into a passenger sailing vessel and used as a party-ship and for social activities based in Oslo.
Tonnage 49 Gt, 19net, dim. 1970 x 5.30 x 2.60m. (draught)
Accommodation for 65 passengers.
Her name was at one time changed to BLÅVEIS until she was renamed JOMFRUEN in 2000.
2019 Owned by Norway Yacht Charter A/s, Oslo and in active service.

ATLANTIC SUN:
1994 Built as a passenger vessel by the Porsgrunn Maskineringssenter in Porsgrunn, Norway for the Atlantic Boat Ltd. AS, Oslo.
Tonnage 118 grt, 48 net, dim. 24.10 x 6.16 x 1.60m.
Powered by two General Motors engines.
Delivered under the name ATLANTIC SUN.

She has been used in the tourist traffic on the Oslo Fjord.
2019 In service, sane name and owner, IMO No 9068108.

Source: http://www.philatelism.com/details.php?issueid=2295
Otmar Schäuffelen, Die letzten grossen Segelschiffe; Various Norwe-gian Illustrated Shipping registry; http://www.tallship-fan.de/index_e.htm; D. Rodlie. Lloyds Register 1955/56

Norway 2008 7Kr. sg?, scott 1542

CARAVEL UNDER CONSTRUCTION COLUMBUS 1492

Of the many stamps and miniature sheets used for the 500th anniversary that Columbus discovered America, most of this stamps and miniature sheet have almost all the same design, only the miniature sheet issued by the Bahamas in 1990 is quite different.

The image is a woodcut from the book “Liber Chronicarum” of the chronicler Hartmann Schedel (1414-1514).

The book describe the Latin world history from the creation till the year 1493.
The book of 650 pages was printed in 1493 by Anton Koberger in Nürenberg. A German translation made by S. Alt is published in the same year.

The 645 (in a other edition over the 1000) woodcuts were made by Michel Wohlgemut (1437-1519) and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff (1462-1494).
On the miniature sheet of the Bahamas is depict the building of Noah’s Ark, the part with the Latin text is omitted.

If we pay attention to the following.
Columbus discovered Cuba on 28 October 1492, he returned to Spain were her arrived on 15 March 1493. At that time the chronicle of Hartmann Schedels was already by the printer, so this woodcut can’t represent the vessel of Columbus.
So this image can’t document the journey of Columbus.
The Post of the Bahamas is free to illustrate the life of Columbus with the Ark of Noah, if the image of the Ark is a caravel.

The artist who made this woodcut went into the wrong when he took a caravel as an example for the construction of Noah's Ark, and did not portray the Ark as a square box as most artists from that time portray the Ark.

This woodcut was made in the time of Columbus, while the miniature sheet has the imprint of a “Caravel under construction”. That the picture of the construction of a caravel fits in with the time of Columbus, and is therefore not from the time of the Arch of Noah.

So anyhow a good design of the Bahamas Post.

Source: Translated from Navicula.
Bahamas 1990 $1.50 sgMS 874, scott 692

DORIS

Guyana issued in 2018 two miniature sheets for “Fishing in Guyana”, the fishing boat depict in the border of the MS shows us fishing boats pulled on the beach. The fish most probably you can find in the Guyana waters but the depicted fishing boats have never seen this waters.
She are taken from a painting made by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh in 1888 and show “Fishing boats on the beach at Les Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer in South France, the original you can find in the van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.

The fishing boats depict are “doris” of which Aak to Zumbra gives: The French doris was originally carried on board “morutiers and “terreneuviers” and she is till today used for fishing inshore, gathering seaweed, and collecting sand. Locally modified to meet special conditions and type of use.
Some half-decked; others a raised cabin forward. Double tholepins used when rowing. Various rigs employed; ketch, cutter, sloop, spirit, lug, lateen. Now most used an outboard motor or inboard motor, and may be constructed of aluminium and she have a pilot house.

(the depicted boats are made of wood.)
Reported length 3.2 – 7m.; e.g. length 7m, beam 2.2m, depth 1.0m.

Turkey 1990 700li sg3090, scott 2482.
Guyana 2018 $16 and $8.50 sgMS?, scott?
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WAHINE (N.Z.)

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WAHINE (N.Z.)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Thu Mar 01, 2018 3:08 pm

wahine z.png
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2018_Wahine-Anniversary_MinSht.png
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TEVWahine.jpg
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Built in 1964-'65 by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Ltd. Govan, Scotland, #830, for Union Steamship Co. of New Zealand, laid down 14-09-'64, launched 14-07-'65, commissioned 12-06-'66.
Completed by Fairfields (Glasgow) Ltd. on new contract signed 06-01-'66 following the collapse of the Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. in October'65.
Ferry passenger/vehicles, Gt:8944, Nt:3951, Dw:1430, Loa:149m. (488') B:22m. (71') Depth:12.65m. (41'6") Draft:5.18m. (17') 4 boilers, 2 AEI turbo-alternators driving 2 AEI propulsion alternators:? hp. twin screw, 22 kn. 6 decks, complement:126, passengers daytime:1050, at night:927 in more than 300 1, 2, 3 and 4 persons cabins, 200 cars, IMO.6519584.
On 18-06-'66 she left Greenock, sailed via Panama Canal, arrived Wellington 24-07-'66, maiden voyage 01-08-'66 from Wellington to Lyttelton.

On the evening of 9 April 1968 she departed from Lyttelton for a routine overnight crossing, carrying 610 passengers and 123 crew.

Extreme weather conditions.
In the early morning of 10 April two violent storms merged over Wellington, creating a single extratropical cyclone that was the worst recorded in New Zealand's history. Cyclone Giselle was heading south after causing much damage in the north of the North Island. It hit Wellington at the same time as another storm that had driven up the West Coast of the South Island from Antarctica. The winds in Wellington were the strongest ever recorded. At one point they reached 275 kilometres per hour (171 mph) and in one Wellington suburb alone ripped off the roofs of 98 houses. Three ambulances and a truck were blown onto their sides when they tried to go into the area to rescue injured people.

As the storms hit Wellington Harbour, WAHINE was making her way out of Cook Strait on the last leg of her journey. Although there were weather warnings when she set out from Lyttelton, there was no indication that storms would be severe or any worse than those often experienced by vessels crossing the Cook Strait

At 05.50 hrs, with winds gusting at between 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) and 155 kilometres per hour (96 mph) Captain Hector Gordon Robertson decided to enter harbour. Twenty minutes later the winds had increased to 160 kilometres per hour (99 mph), and she lost her radar. A huge wave pushed her off course and in line with Barrett Reef. Robertson was unable to turn her back on course, and decided to keep turning around and back out to sea.

For 30 minutes she battled into the waves and wind, but by 06.10 hrs she was not answering her helm and had lost control of her engines. At 0640 hrs she was driven onto the southern tip of Barrett Reef, near the harbour entrance less than a mile from shore. She drifted along the reef, shearing off her starboard propeller and gouging a large hole in her hull on the starboard side of the stern, beneath the waterline. Passengers were told that she was aground but there was no immediate danger. They were directed to don their lifejackets and report to their muster stations as a routine "precautionary measure".

The storm continued to grow more intense. The wind increased to over 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph) and she dragged her anchors and drifted into the harbour. At about 11.00 hrs, close to the western shore at Seatoun, her anchors finally held. At about the same time the tug TAPUHI reached her and tried to attach a line and bring her in tow, but after 10 minutes the line broke. Other attempts failed, but the deputy harbourmaster, Captain Galloway, managed to climb aboard from the pilot boat.

Throughout the morning, the danger of the ship sinking seemed to pass as the vessel's location was in an area where the water depth did not exceed 10 meters (30’), and the crew's worst-case scenario was the clean-up once the vessel either arrived in Wellington or had grounded in shallower water. There was indication that the ship would even sail again that evening as usual, albeit later than scheduled while the damage done by the reef was repaired.


At about 13.15 hrs the combined effect of the tide and the storm swung WAHINE around, providing a patch of clear water sheltered from the wind. As she suddenly listed further and reached the point of no return, Robertson gave the order to abandon ship. In an instance similar to what had occurred during the sinking of the Italian passenger liner ANDREA DORIA off the coast of New England in 1956, the severe starboard list left the four lifeboats on the port side useless: only the four on the starboard side could be launched.

The first starboard motor lifeboat, boat S1, capsized shortly after being launched. Those aboard were thrown into the water, and many were drowned in the rough sea, including two children and several elderly passengers. Survivor Shirley Hick, remembered for losing two of her three children in the disaster, recalled this event vividly, as her three-year-old daughter Alma had drowned in this lifeboat. Some managed to hold onto the overturned boat as it drifted across the harbour to the eastern shore, towards Eastbourne.

The three remaining standard lifeboats, which according to a number of survivors were severely overcrowded, did manage to reach shore. Lifeboat S2 reached Seatoun beach on the western side of the channel with about 70 passengers and crew, as did Lifeboat S4, which was severely overcrowded with over 100 people. Heavily overcrowded Lifeboat S3 landed on the beach near Eastbourne, about 3 miles (5 km) away on the opposite side of the channel.

WAHINE launched her life rafts, but waves up to 6 metres (20’) high capsized some of them and many people were killed. She sank in 38’ (12 m) of water, forcing hundreds of passengers and crew into the rough sea. When the weather cleared, the sight of her foundering in the harbour urged many vessels to race to the scene, including the ferry GMV ARAMOANA, tugs, fishing boats, yachts and small personal craft. They rescued hundreds of people. Over 200 passengers and crew reached the rocky shore of the east side of the channel, south of Eastbourne. As this area was desolate and unpopulated, many survivors were exposed to the elements for several hours while rescue teams tried to navigate the gravel road down the shoreline. It was here that a number of bodies were recovered.
At about 14.30 hrs WAHINE rolled completely onto her starboard side.
Some of the survivors reached the shore only to die of exhaustion or exposure. Fifty-one people died at the time, and two more died later from their injuries, 53 victims in all. Most of the victims were middle-aged or elderly, but included three children; they died from drowning, exposure or injuries from being battered on the rocks. Forty-six bodies were found; 566 passengers were safe, as were 110 crew, and six were missing.

Early hopes that she could be salvaged were abandoned when the magnitude of structural damage became clear. As the wreck was a navigational hazard, preparations were made over the next year to refloat her and tow her into Cook Strait for scuttling. However a similar storm in 1969 broke up the wreck, and it was dismantled (partly by the HIKITIA floating crane) where it lay.

(New Zealand 2018)
Various websites
D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
 
Posts: 780
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Re: WAHINE (N.Z.)

Postby aukepalmhof » Wed May 16, 2018 11:19 pm

2018 Wahine-Anniversary_MinSht.png
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For the 50th Anniversary of the loss of the New Zealander ferry WAHINI (the name means Maori woman or wife.) the New Zealand post issued a set of stamps and a miniature sheet. The New Zealand post did give by the issues:
In the early hours of the morning on 10 April 1968, Wellington Harbour was encroaching on the near horizon. With the wind blowing at 50 knots, a common stiff breeze in Wellington terms, Captain Robertson made the decision to enter the narrow entrance to the harbour. On entering, the wind suddenly picked up and dramatically increased to a powerful 100 knots. Huge waves slammed the ship, forcing it towards Barrett Reef. With the radar system having failed, the Captain attempted to manoeuvre the ship back out to sea.
The storm continued to wreak havoc, dragging the ship along the reef, causing further damage, and preventing rescuers from approaching it. Its ferocity also delayed the captain’s decision to abandon ship, as he believed that people would be safer on board.
The first survivors began washing up on Seatoun foreshore, and others were plucked out of the water by boats waiting nearby. Most of those tossed into the waves were swept to Eastbourne’s rocky foreshore, where slips prevented rescuers reaching them quickly, and many suffered through being exposed to the harsh, deteriorating conditions. Many would ask how such a tragedy could occur right on the doorstep of the nation's capital. But it did and while a storm raged, many of the people in Wellington at the time went to watch the foundering of the WAHINE unfold. News reports quickly spread across the country making this one of the most documented tragedies of our time. These stamps show the WAHINE in all her glory and the sequence of how the day played out. The newspaper headings on the stamps are fictitious but acknowledge the role media played in telling the story.
Individual Stamps

$1.00 - World's Finest Drive-on Vessel
The WAHINE as photographed by Warwick Pryce during a berthing manoeuvre in Wellington Harbour. Described by the Union Steamship Company as the world’s finest drive-on passenger vessel, the WAHINE could carry around 1,000 passengers and 200 cars, servicing the Wellington to Lyttelton route for 20 months before she foundered.

$1.00 - WAHINE in Trouble
When the full force of Cyclone Giselle struck Wellington early in the morning of 10 April the WAHINE was on the final leg of the journey from Lyttelton to Wellington. As the ship reached the entrance to Wellington Harbour she lost control and was soon forced onto Barrett Reef, taking on water through a large hole below the waterline.

$2.00 - Waiting to Abandon Ship
Sharon Major and daughter Sarah with husband Murray, waiting to evacuate from the WAHINE. More than six hours elapsed between the first striking of Barrett Reef and the eventual order to abandon ship, with passengers holding onto hope the WAHINE would remain floating. They would be given the order to evacuate early afternoon when the starboard list became too much.

$2.20 - Lifeboats Make Land
As the WAHINE listed heavily to starboard the lifeboats on the port side of the vessel became inoperable, leaving just four starboard lifeboats able to be launched. The first of these would be swamped soon after entering the harbour waters, the remaining three overcrowded boats reaching the shore at Seatoun and Eastbourne.

$2.70 - Hundreds Rescued from Wellington Harbour
As the light improved and the weather cleared the predicament of the WAHINE reached rescuers in Wellington, with many vessels racing to the scene to pluck survivors from the harbour. Others reached the rocky coast of Eastbourne by themselves, or were carried onto Seatoun foreshore. Here policeman Ray Ruane holds a young survivor by the jetty, surrounded by other police and members of the public.

$3.30 – ARANUI Passes WAHINE Wreck
The WAHINE would roll over to starboard for the last time mid-afternoon, and lay on the sea floor in thirty-eight feet of water. Salvage operations were underway within two weeks, but the magnitude of the damage made a full recovery impossible, and plans were made to tow the wreck into Cook Strait. Before that could happen a second powerful storm in 1969 would break the hull up, and further salvage took place where she lay.
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