The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.


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Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Jul 29, 2018 9:14 pm

2018 farragut FDC.jpg
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2018 farragut.jpg
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Spain issued one stamp in 2018 for the about 150th Anniversary of Admiral Farragut's Visit to Spain, the stamp shows a portrait of the Admiral and in the background details from a 17th century painting which shows some sailing vessels of the 17th century of which I have not any info.

150 years ago, the first admiral of the United States Navy, who played a crucial role in the Civil War, came to Citadel, birthplace of his father, where he was received in praise of crowds and was appointed by the City Council "adopted son" from the city as proof of his "distinguished appreciation" to "so bravo marino".
He was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1801, under the name of James. Son of Jorge Farragut and Elizabeth Shine. His father was captain of a merchant ship of Menorca, and later, in 1766, he immigrated to the United States, where he joined the revolutionary cause and also changed his name to George Farragut.
After the death of his mother, James Farragut agreed to live as the adopted son of David Porter, a naval officer who was a friend of his father, and since then, he grew up in a naval family, as the adoptive brother of the future admiral of the Civil War, David. Dixon Porter, and Commodore William D. Porter. In 1812, he adopted the name of David in honor of his adoptive father, with whom he went to the navy at the end of 1810.
Despite its southern origin, Farragut considered any secessionist act a treason and took sides with the northern states of the Union, presided over by Abraham Lincoln, in front of the Confederate southerners, who proclaimed independence.
On August 5, 1864, he participated in the memorable battle of Mobile Bay (Alabama), the last open port of the Confederation in the Gulf of Mexico. It was there that they say that he pronounced the most famous phrase of the war: "Fuck the torpedoes, full speed!"
His popularity was such that even Jules Verne was inspired by him to give life to "Commodore Farragut" in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
The seal (stamp) contains an image of a portrait of the admiral, and in the background, a painting guarded in the Military Museum of Menorca entitled "View of the city of Mahon, prese of the part of Cala Rata", dated in the XVII century, which It shows a beautiful image of the Poniente dock in Mahón.
Spain 2018 0.55 Euro sg?, scott?
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