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Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Jan 28, 2019 7:40 pm

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Iraq issued in 2002 three stamps with traditional watercraft the 150 D stamp shows us a quffa, chalabiya and kelek see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12950&p=18080&hilit=GUFAS#p18080

The other two stamp show what I believe ships used by the Phoenician people, there was shipbuilding in that time in Mesopotamia, and it is known that Phoenician ships made trading voyages to Mesopotamian ports.

The 250D shows a Phoenician warship under sail, the deck was covered to protect the officers, the bow was fitted with a bronze ram (rostrum) to ram the enemy ships. The bireme (a ship with two banks of oars), introduced by the Phoenicians in about 700 BC, became the leading warship of the 8th century BC. These vessels became very large, some reputedly having as many as 40 banks of oars, but smaller vessels were again common by the 1st cent. B.C. The narrow prolate hull of this Phoenician bireme of around 100 BC consisted of two floors and the upper one was again for the helmsmen and warriors. For greater stability of the ship the Phoenicians lowered the crinolines (platforms where oarsmen sat). A massive bronze covered battering ram was the main weapon of this narrow high speed bireme. The traditional removable rig was typical. A decorative poop extremity of stern was abruptly bent, similarly to a tail of a scorpion, and the balustrade of the battle platform was covered with the shields of warriors for reinforcement. Phoenicians were considered as the best seamen of the time and many ancient states frequently used them as mercenaries. The length was about 30 meters with a width of some 5 meters ... ian-ships/

The 500 D shows a Phoenician trading ship of which Wikipedia give.
The Greeks had two names for Phoenician trading ships: hippoi and galloi. Galloi means tubs and hippoi means horses. These names are readily explained by depictions of Phoenician ships in the palaces of Assyrian kings at Khorsabad, northern Iraq from the 7th and 8th centuries, as the ships in these images are tub shaped (galloi) and have horse heads (hippoi). on the bow and mostly a fish tail on the stern It is possible that these hippoi come from Phoenician connections with the Greek god Poseidon equated with the Semitic God "Yam".
The average capacity was between 100 and 500 tons. Length 16 -30m, beam 4 -7m, and a draught of about 1.5m.
Did have a bipod mast with a square sail.

In 2014, a Phoenician trading ship, dating to 700 BC, was found near Gozo island. The vessel was about 15.24m, long, which contained 50 amphorae full of wine and oil ... ian-ships/
Iraq 2002 150/500D sg?, scott?
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