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Emil Racovitа-Antarctic explorer

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Emil Racovitа-Antarctic explorer

Postby Anatol » Tue Jan 29, 2019 6:56 pm

Romanian Emil Racovita was a famous scientist, explorer and biologist, the founder of bio-speleology. He was elected academician and president of the Romanian Academy and, at only 25, he was also elected member of the Zoological Society of France. He was also the first Romania to go on a scientific research expedition to the Antarctic. Racovita earned his B.S. degree in 1891, and a Ph.D. degree in 1896. Between 1897-1899 he attended a Belgian expedition to the Antarctic on the ship Belgica, led by Adrien de Gerlache. After two years of exploration, the Romanian has undertaken a study on the lives of whales, penguins and other Antarctic birds, which earned him a well deserved reputation. The results of his research were published in 1900, under the title “La vie des animaux et des plantes dans l’Antarctique” (“The life of animals and plants in Antarctica”). In 1919, Racovita became head of the Biology Department at the Upper Dacia University (now the Babes-Bolyai University) in Cluj where he founded the world’s first Speleological Institute in 1920. The same year, he became a member of the Romanian Academy and remained a major figure of scientific life in Romania. Emil Racovita died on November 17, 1947 at the age of 79. His main works are “Essai sur les problèmes biospeologiques” ((Essay on biospeological problems) (1907), “Speleology” (1927) and “Evolution and its problems” (1929).
Romania 1958,55b,SG2597;1986,2L; 1997,450L,SG5903. Source:
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