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LAFFEY USS (DD-459)

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LAFFEY USS (DD-459)

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Mar 28, 2019 8:20 pm

Laffey_(DD-459).jpg
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2018 LAFFEY (DD-459) (2).jpg
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For the 75th anniversary of the end of Guadalcanal Campaign Mozambique issued four stamp in 2018. The USS LAFFEY and the Japanese HIEI, USS HORNET (CV8), KINUGAWA MARU and the USS LCT 124.

Built as a destroyer under yard No 5366 by Bethlehem Steel Co., San Francisco for the USA Navy.
13 January 1941 laid down.
30 October 1941 launched as the USS LAFFEY (DD-459)
Displacement 1620 ton, dim. 106.2 x 11.0 x 3.61m. (draught), length bpp. 101.9m.
Propulsion: 4 x Babcock & Wilcox boilers with 2 x Bethlehem Steel geared steam turbines developing 50,000 horsepower to 2 shafts, speed 37.5 knots.
Range: 6,517 nautical miles
Armament: 4 – 5 inch, 1 – 1.1 inch AA, 5 – 20mm AA guns, 5 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 5 depth charge projectors and 2 depth charge tracks.
Crew 208.
31 March 1942 commissioned.

USS LAFFEY (DD-459) was a Benson-class destroyer of the United States Navy during World War II. She was the first destroyer named for Bartlett LAFFEY.

LAFFEY was laid down on 13 January 1941 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Company, San Francisco, California; launched 30 October 1941; sponsored by Miss Eleanor G. Forgerty, granddaughter of Seaman LAFFEY; and commissioned on 31 March 1942, Lieutenant Commander William E. Hank in command. She was lost in action on 13 November 1942.
History
United States, Identification: DD-459, Fate: sunk Battle of Guadalcanal, 13 November 1942

Service history
After shakedown off the west coast, LAFFEY headed for the war zone via Pearl Harbor, arriving at Efate on 28 August 1942. She steamed in the antisubmarine screen until she joined Task Force 18 on 6 September. When the flagship— the aircraft carrier WASP—was sunk on 15 September, LAFFEY rescued survivors and returned them to Espiritu Santo. She sailed with Task Force 64 and touched at Noumea, New Caledonia, on 18 September.
LAFFEY had her first fleet action in the Battle of Cape Esperance (also known as the Second Battle of Savo Island) on 11 and 12 October 1942. The destroyer operated with Admiral Norman Scott's cruiser group, guarding against enemy attempts to reinforce Guadalcanal. On 11 October, when the group formed into single column, LAFFEY joined two other destroyers in the van. About an hour later, sailors ran to their battle stations, steel doors clanged shut, and all made ready for battle. When the engagement began, LAFFEY raked the cruiser AOBA with three of her 5-inch guns. The furious gunfire roared on through the night. At dawn, destroyer DUNCAN was sinking, FARENHOLT was badly damaged, and cruiser BOISE, though hard hit, had weathered several powerful blows. However, the Japanese losses were even greater. FURUTAKA was sinking, AOBA was badly damaged, and FUBUKI had sunk.

After the battle, LAFFEY met with a group escorting transports from Nouméa on 11 November, and sailed to Lunga Point, arriving the next day. The disembarking operations were interrupted by a heavy air attack. On 13 November, LAFFEY was placed in the van of a column of eight destroyers and five cruisers under Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan. Early in the mid-watch, the radar operator reported contact with the enemy. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal was just about to begin when the Japanese force, a group of two battleships, one light cruiser, and 14 destroyers, under Vice Admiral Hiroaki Abe, appeared on the horizon. LAFFEY lashed out at the enemy with gunfire and torpedoes. At the height of the violent battle, the battleship HIEI came through the darkness and both ships headed at full speed for the same spot. They missed colliding by 20 feet (10 m). LAFFEY unleashed her torpedoes and, using all her firepower, raked the battleship’s bridge, wounding Admiral Abe, and killing his chief of staff. Admiral Abe was thereafter limited in his ability to direct his ships for the rest of the battle. With a battleship on her stern, a second on her port beam, and two destroyers on her port bow, LAFFEY fought the Japanese ships with the three remaining main battery guns in a no-quarter duel at point-blank range. She was hit by a 14-inch shell from HIEI Then, a torpedo in her fantail put LAFFEY out of action. As the order to abandon ship was passed, a violent explosion ripped the destroyer apart and she sank immediately with heavy loss of life.
This action earned her the Presidential Unit Citation.
Of the 247 crew members aboard, 59 were killed, including the commanding officer, William B. Hank. The wounded in the engagement numbered 116.
Awards
LAFFEY was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for her performance in the South Pacific, and three battle stars for service in World War II.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_LAFFEY_(DD-459)
https://www.militaryfactory.com/ships/d ... ted-states
Battle Report. http://destroyerhistory.org/benson-glea ... &pid=45904
Mozambique 2018 116 MT sg?, scott?
aukepalmhof
 
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