KHUKRI (F149)

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aukepalmhof
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KHUKRI (F149)

Post by aukepalmhof » Thu May 23, 2019 8:55 pm

The patrol frigate was built under yard no 1987 by White J. Samuel, East Cowes, Great Britain for the India Navy.
29 December 1955 laid down.
20 November 1956 launched as the INS KHUKRI (F-149) one of the Blackwood class.
1,180 ton standard, 1,535 ton full load, dim. 94.5 x 10.7 x 4.7m. (draught) length bpp. 91.4m.
Powered by one geared steam turbine, 15,000 shp, one shaft, speed 27.5 knots,
Range by a speed of 12 knots, 4,000 miles.
Armament: 3 – 40mm Bofors guns, 2 Limbo 3 barrel mortars.
Crew 150.
15 July 1958 completed.

The person on the stamp is Capt. Mahendra Nath Mulla who was awarded posthumously the award of the Maha Vir Chakra.

During the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, Mulla was commanding a task force of two ships which formed part of the Western Fleet. The task force was assigned the task of hunting and destroying enemy submarines in the North Arabian Sea. At 20:50 hours on 9 December 1971, his vessel, INS KHUKRI, was hit by a torpedo fired by an enemy submarine, PNS HANGOR, about 64 kilometres (40 mi) off Diu. Mulla issued orders for the ship to be abandoned because it was sinking.
He gave his own life-saving equipment to a sailor, Having directed many of his men as possible to leave the sinking ship, he went back to the bridge to see what further rescue operations could be performed. He was last seen going down with his ship

Incident
After the beginning of hostilities on 3 December 1971, Indian Naval radio detection equipment identified a submarine lurking about 35 miles (56 km) south-west of Diu harbour. The 14th Frigate Squadron of the Western Fleet was dispatched to destroy the submarine. It normally consisted five ships KHUKRI, KIRPAN, KALVETI, KRISHNA and KUTHAR, but at the time of the incident KUTHAR's boiler was being repaired in Bombay. One reason that may have prompted the decision to deploy two obsolete Blackwood-class frigates against a modern Daphne-class submarine was that the Indian Navy lacked sufficient numbers of anti-submarine aircraft.
In the early hours of 9 December, HANGOR picked up two sonar contacts in the area. The sonar and radar transmissions identified them as warships but HANGOR failed to intercept them and lost contact when the range increased.
The submarine sighted the squadron on the evening of 9 December. KHUKRI was still not aware of the submarine's presence and continued slowly on a steady course because she was testing an improved version of the 170/174 sonar, which required a slow speed to increase detection, despite the fact that moving on slow speed was against Indian anti-submarine doctrine. At 19:57 HANGOR fired a homing torpedo on a sonar approach at KIRPAN. The torpedo failed to explode and was detected by KIRPAN which turned away and fired anti-submarine mortars. KHUKRI increased its speed and turned towards the submarine, which then fired a second torpedo directed at KHUKRI. The torpedo struck KHUKRI and exploded under its oil tanks. According to the Pakistani submarine captain, Commander Ahmed Tasnim, the ship sank within two minutes. Other sources claim that KHUKRI was struck by three torpedoes before going down.
After a few minutes, KIRPAN turned back to attack HANGOR with depth charges, as her anti-submarine mortars had broken down. HANGOR then fired another torpedo at KIRPAN before turning away. The torpedo was evaded by INS KIRPAN which later participated in rescue ops with INS KATCHAL. HANGOR patrolled the region for the next four days before returning safely to her berth.
The KHUKRI sank in position 20 16.4N 70 59.4E.

Casualties
To date, KHUKRI is the only ship lost in combat in the history of the Indian Navy. 18 officers and 176 sailors were lost in the sinking. The captain, Mahendra Nath Mulla, chose to go down with the sinking ship. He refused to abandon ship, and passed his life-jacket to a junior officer. He has remained so far the only Indian captain to go down with a vessel. He was posthumously awarded India's second-highest military honour, the Maha Vir Chakra.

There is a memorial to the dead sailors in Diu. The memorial consists of a scale model of KHUKRI encased in a glass house, placed atop a hillock facing the sea. The memorial was inaugurated by Vice Admiral Madhvendra Singh as the flag officer commanding-in-chief.

Controversy
Responsibility for errors by Indian naval officers related to the sinking has caused some controversy. The naval officer who led the inquiry into the sinking, Benoy Bhushan, has claimed that India's official naval history invented fictional accounts to cover up bungling and a surviving sailor from the frigate, Chanchal Singh Gill, has called for an investigation and withdrawal of gallantry awards to negligent officers in the squadron.

Source: Wikipedia. https://www.miramarshipindex.nz The Worlds Navies by Chris Chant.
India 2000 3.00R sg?, scott?
Attachments
Khukri_(F149).jpg
2000 khukri.jpg

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