MACKINAW USCGC icebreaker-buoy-tender

Built as a icebreaker-buoy-tender under yard no 601 by Marinette Marine Corporation (MMC), Marinette, USA for the USA Coastguard.

Laid down: February 09, 2004.
Launched: April 2, 2005 under the name USCGC MACKINAW (WLBB-30), the name Mackinaw has its roots in the ancient Native American language of the Great Lakes. Specifically, it is derived from the word Michilimackinac in the Ojibwa language, meaning "Island of the Great Turtle." Both Mackinaw (the English derivation) and Mackinac (the French derivation where "ac" is pronounced "aw") are derived from this word and pronounced Mak'ino.
Displacement 3,500 ton, dim. 73 x 17.8 x 4.9m. (draught), length bpp. 69.9m.
The ship is powered by 3 Caterpillar Turbocharged V-12 engines that drive 2 ABB electric propulsion drives that deliver a combined 9,200 horsepower. They are Caterpillar 3612 engines, turning Kato Generators. Mackinaw has 3 MDG’s. Each producing about 3.5 Megawatts of electric power. Mackinaw has an integrated electric plant. This means that the main generators provide electric power for both propulsion (ABB Azipods) and ship’s electric services (everything else). Speed 16 knots.
Crew 9 officers and 46 enlisted.
Commissioned: June 10, 2006, Homeport: Cheboygan, Michigan IMO No 9271054.

WLBB: The W preceding the number of all Coast Guard ships since World War II signifies them as Coast Guard vessels. WLB is the Coast Guard’s designation for seagoing buoy-tenders. The L stands for load-bearing working boat, and the B specifies its size category (big). The LB designates this vessel as a big buoy-tender, and the last B stands for icebreaker.

USCGC MACKINAW (WLBB-30) is a 240-foot (73 m) vessel built as a heavy icebreaker for operations on the North American Great Lakes for the United States Coast Guard. IMO number: 9271054. She should not be confused with a namesake ship, the USCGC MACKINAW (WAGB-83), IMO number 6119534, which was decommissioned on June 10, 2006.
MACKINAW was delivered to the Coast Guard on November 18, 2005 and commissioned on June 10, 2006. In addition to her ice-breaking duties, the MACKINAW will also serve as an Aids to Navigation ship, able to perform the same duties as the Seagoing Buoy Tenders (WLB) of the Coast Guard fleet. Further, she can conduct law enforcement and search and rescue missions and can deploy an oil skimming system to respond to oil spill situations and environmental response. One of the MACKINAW's unique features in the US Coast Guard fleet is the use of two Azipod units, ABB's brand of electric azimuth thrusters, for her main propulsion. These, coupled with a 550 hp (410 kW) bow thruster, make the ship exceptionally maneuverable. The Azipod units also remove the need for a traditional rudder, as the thrusters can turn 360 degrees around their vertical axis to direct their thrust in any direction. The MACKINAW also lacks a traditional ship's steering wheel. Much of the ship’s technology, including the Azipod thrusters, is from Finnish Maritime Cluster. Additionally, the MACKINAW can continuously proceed through fresh water ice up to 32 inches (81 cm) thick at 3 knots or 14 inches (36 cm) at 10 knots. She can also break smooth, continuous ice up to 42 inches (107 cm) thick through ramming.

The MACKINAW got off to a rocky start before being commissioned. While en-route to her new home port of Cheboygan, Michigan, the MACKINAW struck a seawall in Grand Haven, Michigan on December 12, 2005. The accident caused a 10-foot (3.0 m) dent in the bow of the MACKINAW on her starboard side. Shortly after the accident, Captain Donald Triner, the commanding officer of the MACKINAW, was temporarily relieved of duty pending an investigation into the accident. The accident did not delay the ship's scheduled arrival in her new home port; she arrived on December 17, 2005. Captain Triner was later permanently relieved of duty and replaced by Captain Michael Hudson, who was replaced in turn by Commander John Little in April 2006. CDR Scott J. Smith assumed command in July 2008 and was relieved by CDR Michael J. Davanzo in Aug, 2011. In June 2014, CDR Vasilios Tasikas assumed command. In June 2017, CDR John Stone assumed command. The MACKINAW is stationed at Cheboygan, Michigan. It can be seen and toured at Grand Haven's Coast Guard Festival every summer. The ship was also featured on the television series Modern Marvels. Katmai Bay, stationed at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, helps the USCGC MACKINAW (WLBB-30) in ice breaking duties.
2019 In service. en internet.
Guinea 2018 50000 FG sgMS?, scott?

In the margin you see a freefall lifeboat and a helicopter picking up survivors. I have been sailing on ships fitted with a freefall lifeboat and in my eyes she are the best system for a lifeboat to get safely and very quickly of a vessel.

Wikipedia gives for the freefall lifeboat:
Some ships have a freefall lifeboat stored on a downward sloping slipway normally on the stern of the vessel. These freefall lifeboats drop into the water when the holdback is released. Such lifeboats are considerably heavier as they are strongly constructed to survive the impact with water. Freefall lifeboats are used for their capability to launch nearly instantly, and high reliability in any conditions. Since 2006 they have been required on bulk carriers that are in danger of sinking too rapidly for conventional lifeboats to be released. Seagoing oil rigs are also customarily equipped with this type of lifeboat.

CONSTITUTIONEN paddle steamer 1821

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CONSTITUTIONEN paddle steamer 1821

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Jun 03, 2019 8:33 pm

constitutionen 1.jpg
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1936 constitutionen 1.jpg
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1966 constitutionen. 1jpg.jpg
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To celebrate the 300th years of the Svenska Postal Service, Sweden issued in 1936 a set of 12 stamps of which three stamps show us a vessel which has transported the mail.

The 25ore stamp shows us the CONSTITUTION or CONSTITUTIONEN.
Carvel-built wooden oak hulled paddle steamer by Örlogsvarvet in Karlskrona if she was built for the Swedish Post office is not clear but she was delivered in 1821 as the SVENSKA LEJONET (Swedish Lion).
1822 Managed by the Swedish Post and renamed in CONSTITUTIONEN.
Displacement 23 ton, dim. 30 x 5 x 2m. (draught)
Three masted, topsail rigged.
One steam engine of 50hp. manufactured by Samuel Owens in Stockholm in 1823, speed 7 knots.
Armed: Carried four light deck guns.
From 01 May 1823 used in the service between Ystad and Stralsund.
Crew 1 officer, 1 quartermaster, three seamen and a cook.
After 15 year service she was sold on 06 April 1838 to Erik Ahlstrom in Norrkoping, Sweden and renamed in KRONAN.
Used till 1841 as freighter.

Sources: ... E/TiS(1864)_p178.html ... bordssidan ( ... f6718ed19e Mr. Raul Macedo da Fonseca.

The following was given in Watercraft Philately May June 1997 page 78 and written by Lennart Siltberg.

First she was fired by wood later replaced by coal. Steam engines started to be used for powering pumps etc. early 1700 and for ships power in early 1800.
Paddle wheels were used because the propellers required more steam than could be produced by the steam engines of that time. The ship on this stamps is the paddle steamer CONSTITUTIONEN operating as a mail carrier between Ystad in Sweden and Stralsund/Wiek in Pommern

The official name decided by the Government on September 19, 1822 was CON-STITUTIONEN. It may be noted that the Swedish Post Office during the years 1820 to 1832, owned and operated on the same route, a sailing packet with the same name.
Mail had been carried between Sweden and the Swedish province Pommern by Swedish sailing packets since the 15th century. However in 1815, Sweden lost Pommern to Preussen and in 1817 the two countries agreed to organize the transportation of the mail on a joint basis, each to build one paddle steamer with the same specifications at the same shipyard.

The paddle steamers could not operate during the winter months because the paddle wheels were damaged by the ice. Therefore the CONSTITUTIONEN did not start her regular mail tours until May 1, 1824.

The journey normally took 13 – 15 hours, she made one journey per week. The original idea was to use the port of Stralsund in Pommern but due to low water problems, the harbour Wiek close to Greifswald was used from spring 1827. CONSTITUTIONEN always had a master from the Navy.

She was the first steamship owned by the Swedish Postal Authorities. Like other steamers she was also outfitted with sails on three masts with topsails (topsail schooner rig).

CONSTITUTIONEN had four light guns.
Accommodation in four cabins and two saloons, one for men the other for women.
During the years 1830 – 1833 the mail was carried by a private operator who had the right to use the CONSTITUTIONEN for this purpose.
She not only carried mail, but passengers and cargo, including a maximum of four horses were allowed.

CONSTITUTIONEN was sold to Erik Åhlström, Norrköping in 1837 and used as a freighter until she sank in 1856.

The Swedish Post Office continued to carry mail between Sweden and Pommern in their own ships until 1869, after which the mail was transported by private companies.

Sweden 1936 25 ore sg 192, scott 255 and 1966 25 ore sg520, scottB56
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