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700th Anniversary of the Order of Christ

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700th Anniversary of the Order of Christ

Postby Anatol » Wed Jul 03, 2019 9:04 pm

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The celebration of the seven hundredth anniversary of the founding of the Order of Christ, featured in this philatelic issue of the CTT, is an important moment for raising awareness of Portuguese History. Today, the Military Order of Christ is the custodian of a long history as both an Honori c Order, an Order of Nobility and a Religious and Military Order. The origins of the Order of the Templars – "the Order of Poor Fellow- Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon" – are found in the early 12th century following the 1st Crusade, when the Order was established in the medieval County of Portugal. Pope Clemente V´s Vox Clamantis bull in 1312 decreed the abolishment of the Order of the Temple and all of its assets to be handed in to Hospitallers across all Christian territories. By not accepting this order, King Dinis (see stamp 0,53е), however, provisionally annexes all Templar assets to his Crown and skilfully initiates diligences with the Holy See to create a new religious militia, claiming the need to defend Portugal from Islam close from bordering North Africa and the Andaluz region. After four years of negotiation, King Dinis is granted permission to found the new military religious order. It was established by King Denis of Portugal, who negotiated with Pope Clement's successor John XXII for recognition of the new order and its right to inherit the Templar assets and property. After 1417, by King John I of Portugal's request to the Pope, Prince Henry (1417–1460) became the order's Grand Master. Infante D. Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (4 March 1394 – 13 November 1460), better known as Prince Henry the Navigator (see stamp 1,00е) (Portuguese: Infante Dom Henrique, o Navegador), was a central figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and in the 15th-century European maritime discoveries and maritime expansion. It is traditionally suggested that Henry gathered at his villa on the Sagres peninsula a school of navigators and map-makers. 1400s With Henry the Navigator at the head, first from Sagres and then from the Convent of Christ in Tomar (see stamp 2.00e), the Portuguese begin a great era of discovery. At that time, the ships of the Mediterranean were too slow and too heavy to make these voyages. Under his direction, a new and much lighter ship was developed, the caravel, which could sail further and faster, and, above all, was highly maneuverable and could sail much nearer the wind, or "into the wind". This made the caravel largely independent of the prevailing winds. With the caravel, Portuguese mariners explored rivers and shallow waters as well as the open ocean with wide autonomy. In fact, the invention of the caravel was what made Portugal poised to take the lead in transoceanic exploration.
Portugal 2019;0,53e;1,0e;2,0eMs.
Source: ... _of_Christ, ... entocristo and other web-sites.
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