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E-BOATS under attack of Mosquito

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E-BOATS under attack of Mosquito

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Jul 11, 2019 8:25 pm

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Alderney issued in 2018 six stamps and a miniature sheet for the 75th Anniversary of D-Day. Three stamps shows ships, the 48p, 66p and 80p.

About 75th Anniversary of D-Day
On 6 June 1944 and during the long summer that followed, men from all over the world went to fight in the Battle of Normandy to help liberate Europe from German occupation.

48p Stamp: Mosquito attacking E-boats
65p Stamp: Pegasus Bridge
66p Stamp: Invasion Begins
80p Stamp: 6 Commandos - Sword Beach
90p Stamp: Outskirts of Villers-Bocage
98p Stamp: Typhoon attacking Tiger tank
£3 Miniature Sheet: Arromanches is liberated
Among the British military forces taking part in the D-Day Landings were individuals from Alderney, including William John ("Kelly") Barker, Private Charles Edmund Benfield and Signaler George Paltridge.

6 June 2019 marks the 75th anniversary of the D-Day landings, one of the most remarkable Allied wartime operations. The Normandy landings, codenamed Operation Neptune - and termed D-Day - were the landing operations that took place on June 6, 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord. It was a bold operation that eventually resulted in the liberation of France - and later Europe - free from Nazi control.

The stamp is not so clear, but gives “Mosquito attacking E-boats, the first E-boats attacking the Allied landings fleet were the ships from the German 9th schnellboot Flotilla based in Cherbourg, France. Which ships was depicted I could not find.

E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II. The most popular, the S-100 class, were very seaworthy, heavily armed and capable of sustaining 43.5 knots (80.6 km/h; 50.1 mph), briefly accelerating to 48 knots (89 km/h; 55 mph). These craft were 35 m (114 ft 10 in) long and 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in) in beam. Their diesel engines provided a range of 700 to 750 nmi (810–860 mi; 1,300–1,390 km), substantially greater than the gasoline-fueled American PT boats and British Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs).
As a result, the Royal Navy later developed better-matched MTBs, using the Fairmile 'D' hull design.

This design was chosen because the theatre of operations of such boats was expected to be the North Sea, English Channel and the Western Approaches. The requirement for good performance in rough seas dictated the use of a round-bottomed displacement hull rather than the flat-bottomed planing hull that was more usual for small, high-speed boats. The shipbuilding company Lürssen overcame many of the disadvantages of such a hull and, with the OHEKA II, produced a craft that was fast, strong and seaworthy. This attracted the interest of the Reichsmarine, which in 1929 ordered a similar boat but fitted with two torpedo tubes. This became the S-1, and was the basis for all subsequent E-boats
After experimenting with the S-1, the Germans made several improvements to the design. Small rudders added on either side of the main rudder could be angled outboard to 30 degrees, creating at high speed what is known as the Lürssen Effect. This drew in an "air pocket slightly behind the three propellers, increasing their efficiency, reducing the stern wave and keeping the boat at a nearly horizontal attitude".This was an important innovation as the horizontal attitude lifted the stern, allowing even greater speed, and the reduced stern wave made E-boats harder to see, especially at night.

Operations with the Kriegsmarine
E-boats, a British designation using the letter E for Enemy, were primarily used to patrol the Baltic Sea and the English Channel in order to intercept shipping heading for the English ports in the south and east. As such, they were up against Royal Navy and Commonwealth, e.g., Royal Canadian Navy contingents leading up to D-Day, Motor Gun Boats (MGBs), Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs), Motor Launches, frigates and destroyers. They were also transferred in small numbers to the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea by river and land transport. Some small E-boats were built as boats for carrying by auxiliary cruisers.

Crew members could earn an award particular to their work—Das Schnellbootkriegsabzeichen—denoted by a badge depicting an E-boat passing through a wreath. The criteria were good conduct, distinction in action, and participating in at least twelve enemy actions. It was also awarded for particularly successful missions, displays of leadership or being killed in action. It could be awarded under special circumstances, such as when another decoration was not suitable.

E-boats of the 9th flotilla were the first naval units to respond to the invasion fleet of Operation Overlord. They left Cherbourg harbour at 5 a.m. on 6 June 1944. On finding themselves confronted by the entire invasion fleet, they fired their torpedoes at maximum range and returned to Cherbourg.

During World War II, E-boats claimed 101 merchant ships totalling 214,728 tons. and 12 destroyers, 11 minesweepers, eight landing ships, six MTBs, a torpedo boat, a minelayer, a submarine and a number of smaller craft, such as fishing boats. They also damaged two cruisers, five destroyers, three landing ships, a repair ship, a naval tug and numerous other merchant vessels. Sea mines laid by the E-boats were responsible for the loss of 37 merchant ships totalling 148,535 tons, a destroyer, two minesweepers and four landing ships.

In recognition of their service, the members of E-boat crews were awarded 23 Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and 112 German Cross in Gold.

The following E-boat were based in the 9th Flotilla in Cherbourg.
S-130, S-144, S-145, S-146, S- 150, S-167 and S-168. It were 100-class type E-boats.

Built by Schlichting and Lürssen.
Displacement 107/124 ton, dim. 34.94 x 5.10 x 1.97m, (draught).
Powered by three Daimler-Benz MB 511 or MB 518 diesel engines, 2,500 hp/3,000 hp. Speed 42, maximum 45 knots.
Armament: 2 – Toro 53.3cm + 2 reserve torpedoes and 3 – 30mm cannons.
Crew 23.

S130 Built by Schlichting Travemünde, launched 18.09.1943, commissioned 21.10.1943 Taken over by Britain as P5130 in 1945. Sold to Germany in 1957 as UW 10 . Reclassified as experimental ship EF3 in 1968, sold in 1991. It is currently awaiting reconstruction in Plymouth, UK.
S144 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 01.10.1943 Sunk during air attack on Le Havre on 30.07.1944.
S145 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 08.10.1943 Sunk during air attack on Brest on 18.09.1944.
S146 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 22.10.1943 Sunk during air attack on Le Havre on 15.06.1944
S150 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 04.12.1943 Sunk during air attack on Le Havre on 15.06.1944
S167 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 17.12.1943 Sunk after collision on 22.02.1945.
S168 Built Lürssen Vegesack, launched 1943, commissioned 23.12.1943 Taken over by Britain in 1945, scrapped 1947. ... ships.html
Alderney 2019 48p sg?, scott?
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