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500th Anniversary of Magallan voyage around the World.

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500th Anniversary of Magallan voyage around the World.

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Oct 04, 2019 7:22 pm

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2019 victoria magellan.jpg
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About Magellan, 500 Years Since, The Beginning of the Journey around the World

“On September 20th, 1519, Magellan’s fleet broke off the shore.
As of this year, Spain is beginning to stretch far beyond the borders of Europe.”
(Stefan Zweig, author of the biography Magellan)
In the context of the five-century anniversary of the beginning of Magellan’s expedition, Romfilatelia invites you to discover the postage stamps issue, Magellan, 500 years since the beginning of the journey around the world.
It is estimated that Magellan was born in 1480, into a noble family of Portugal. At the age of ten, he became the queen’s page, enrolling in Queen Leonora’s Page School. Here he would spend much of his time preoccupied with texts on interplanetary navigation, astronomy, and mapping. These topics served him later in the expedition that immortalized his name in naval and universal history.
In 1505, he joins the crew of the Portuguese fleet in sailing to East Africa, his passion for the open ocean taking him two years later to Malacca. His exploratory spirit urges him to wander the world, possibly even having sailed to Spice Island, the common name for the Molucca Islands in Indonesia. When Magellan’s expedition was still a murmur of hope, the spice trade encouraged seafarers to cross the seas and oceans to procure “especeria”(spices in Spanish).
The great explorer set sail on September 20th, 1519 with a fleet of five ships that traveled the distance to Brazil and then followed South American coast to Patagonia. By October 1520 it reached what is now known as the Magellan Strait. Arriving on Homonham Island in the Philippines, in March 1521, the expedition crew encountered an obstacle proven fatal to Magellan and due to a power destabilization between the Homonham leader and a rival, the crew was involved in a war on foreign lands. The initiator of the campaign around the world, Fernando Magellan, lost his life in the battle of April 27th, 1521. The expedition continued under the leadership of Juan Sebastian Elcano, who, together with 18 survivors and a single ship, arrived in Seville, on September 9th, 1522.
Magellan’s daring and ambitious journey around the world pursued initially in search of personal wealth and glory, offered Europeans much more than just the spices on Spice Island. Even though starting from Europe, the route from West to East, through the Magellan Strait, had already been discovered and mapped, circumnavigation offered the possibility of a world without geographical boundaries. Due to Magellan’s expedition, European geographic knowledge made a spectacular leap. Not only that he found an ocean of unimaginable expanse, hitherto unknown to Europeans, but he also discovered that the surface of the earth’s globe found in elaborate maps was much larger than previously thought. Finally, although at this point in history it was no longer claimed that the earth was flat, Magellan’s circumnavigation of the globe empirically discredited medieval theory.
Fame for his tenacity and ability to navigate was highlighted in Magellan’s first assessment, which was later referred to as “the greatest voyage in the Age of Discovery” and is considered the most important sea voyage ever undertaken.
On the stamp with the face value of Lei 7, you will discover the image of the greatest navigator from the Age of Discovery, Fernando Magellan.
The imperforated souvenir sheet with the face value of Lei 28.50, illustrates a fragment from Ortelius’s map, dated 1589, depicting the West coast of South America and the ship VICTORIA. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9042 Above the ship, there is a stylized globe surrounded by the inscription “500 years since the beginning of the journey around the world”, representing Magellan’s transglobal expedition. In the upper left corner of the souvenir sheet is the portrait of Magellan superimposed over a stylized helm and above.
The Strait of Magellan and the Pacific Ocean bear his name, the latter called the Magellan Sea until the XVIIIth century.

https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pgid=57171
Romania 2019 7l sg?, scott? and Miniature Sheet 28.50L sgMS?, scott?
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Re: 500th Anniversary of Magallan voyage around the World.

Postby aukepalmhof » Sat Dec 14, 2019 1:56 am

2019 magellan on Uruguay.png
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Uruguay issued in 2019 a miniature sheet for the 500th Anniversary of the first circumnavigation of the World, which shows two ships of Magellan’s fleet and in the margin a portrait of Elcano and Magellan.

By these issues the Uruguay post gives:

The chronicle of the expedition

The most important and only complete narrative of the first voyage around the world was written by the young Antonio Pigafetta. Born in Venice to a noble family in 1480 or 1491, and dying in that same city around 1534, also known as Antonio Lombardo and Antonio de Plegafetis, he traveled to Spain in 1518, perhaps as a Knight of Rhodes, in the service of the pope’s ambassador, Monsignor Francisco Chieregati. He soon struck up a great friendship with Ferdinand Magellan, which allowed him to accompany the man on his voyage to the Spice Islands, without any specific duties, as part of the group of ‘captain’s servants and notables’. This enabled him to observe and write his famous account of the voyage based on the logs he accumulated, and miraculously, preserved.
It has been conjectured that his training had made him deserving of a position with more seafaring responsibility. In any event, after returning to Spain from the first voyage around the world in 1522, he traveled to Lisbon, France, Mantua, Rome and Venice, seeking support to promote his writings. Settled in Italy from 1523, in conflict with Elcano and determined to attribute all the merit for the heroic voyage to Magellan, he devoted his time to writing "Relazioni in torno al primo viaggio di circumnavigazione. Notizia del Mondo Nuovo con le figure dei paesi scoperti", dedicated to Felipe de Villiers, grand master of the Order of Rhodes. It was published after his death, in 1536, although he may have already died in 1532, as his father did not mention him in a will of that date.

Pigafetta’s account of the first voyage around the world, naturalistic, accurate and imaginative at the same time, full of Renaissance spirit, based on the notes he took daily, is rich in ethnographic, zoological and geographic details and evinces the immense curiosity of its author. Particularly noteworthy are his capacity for observation and for communication with the natives, from whom he collected an abundance of information, ethnographic and linguistic; the deployment of literary, artistic and scientific knowledge worthy of a humanist; the spirit of religious providentialism; the attention to curative techniques and the symptomology of illnesses; and the attention to detail, which shows the difficulties in understanding the very dissimilar realities those extraordinary seafarers had found
Pigafetta also wrote a treatise on navigation that contains a description of the three methods for determining longitude, linked to the work of Francisco Faleiro, an associate of Magellan’s and author of Tratado de la esfera o arte de navegar (1535). These methods were: calculating the distance from a known point of longitude by observing the distance of the moon from the ecliptic (curve along which the sun passes around the earth); observing the conjunction of the moon with a star or planet; and using a compass. Pigafetta also described how to take the altitude of the Pole Star to determine latitude, how to figure out wind direction and other navigation problems.


Source: http://vcentenario.es/la-cronica/
Uruguay 2019 65p sgMS?, scott? ( more is given on viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9042&p=20021#p20021
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Re: 500th Anniversary of Magallan voyage around the World.

Postby Anatol » Thu Feb 13, 2020 9:02 pm

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Romania 2019; 7l FDC.
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