QUEEN CHARLOTTE HMS 1790

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aukepalmhof
Posts: 7130
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

QUEEN CHARLOTTE HMS 1790

Post by aukepalmhof » Sun Aug 16, 2020 9:13 pm

The Ras Al Khaima stamp is designed after a painting made by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg which shows us the Battle of the Glorious First of June in 1794 between the two flagships, the British HNS QUEEN CHARLOTTE and the French La MONTACNE. More on this painting is given on https://collections.rmg.co.uk/collectio ... 11962.html

Built as a wooden ship-of-the-line First Rate by the Master Shipwright Nicholas Phillips by the Chatham Dry-dock, Chatham for the Royal Navy.
12 December 1782 ordered.
21 January 1783 named.
01 September 1785 keel laid down.
15 April 1790 launched as the HMS QUEEN CHARLOTTE, one of the Royal George Class.
Tonnage 2,286 ton (bm), dim. 58m length of gundeck, beam 15.99m, depth of hold 6.81m.
Armament: Lower deck 30 – 32pdrs, Middle deck 28 – 24 pdrs, upper deck 30 – 18 pdrs, quarter deck 10 – 12pdrs, fo’c’sle 2 – 12pdrs.
Rigged as a full rigged ship.
Crew 850.
07 June 1790 completed, building cost £66,112.3.8d.

May 1790 commissioned under Rear-Adm. John Leveson Gower and Capt. Roger Curtis as flagship of Lord Howe.
The same year already paid off.
February 1793 re-commissioned under command of Capt. Roger Curtis and (2nd) Capt. Hugh C. Christian as flagship of Lord Howe for Channel service.
HMS QUEEN CHARLOTTE was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 15 April 1790 at Chatham. She was built to the draught of Royal George designed by Sir Edward Hunt, though with a modified armament.
In 1794 QUEEN CHARLOTTE was the flagship of Admiral Lord Howe at the Battle of the Glorious First of June, and in 1795 she took part in the Battle of Groix.

Fate
At about 6am on 17 March 1800, whilst operating as the flagship of Vice-Admiral Lord Keith, QUEEN CHARLOTTE was reconnoitering the island of Capraia, in the Tuscan Archipelago, when she caught fire. Keith was not aboard at the time and observed the disaster from the shore. The fire was believed to have resulted from someone having accidentally thrown loose hay on a match tub. Two or three American vessels lying at anchor off Leghorn were able to render assistance, losing several men in the effort as the vessel's guns cooked off in the heat. Captain A. Tod wrote several accounts of the disaster that he gave to sailors to give to the Admiralty should they survive. He himself perished with his ship. The crew was unable to extinguish the flames and at about 11am the ship blew up with the loss of 673 officers and men.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Queen ... tte_(1790)
Ras al Khaima 1972 50d sg?, scott?
Grenada Carriacou Petite Martinique 2001 $1.50 sg 3471, scott 2366ª and MS sg?, scott 2366. (Don't have the stamp.)
Attachments
Loutherbourg,_The_Glorious_First_of_June.jpg
1972 ras_al_khaima__napoleon_sea_battle.jpg

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