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FOUGUEUX 1785

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FOUGUEUX 1785

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Jan 11, 2021 8:18 pm

2005 First-Shots-are-fired-in-Battle-of-Trafalgar.jpg
Click image to view full size
The inscription on the stamps gives: First shots are fired, and the Battle of Trafalgar begins. Finally, at 11.50 am, French commander Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve sent the signal ‘engage the enemy’. The French vessel FOUGUEUX fired the first shots at Vice-Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood’s flagship, HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN. The stamp image is not so clear but these two ships are most probably depict.

Built as a wooden-hulled ship by Arsenal Lorient in Lorient for the French Navy.
1784 Laid down.
19 September 1785 launched as the FOUGUEUX.
Displacement 1.966 ton, 3,260 ton full load, dim. 55.87 x 14.90 x 7.26m. (draught)
Powered by sails, sail area 2,485 m².
Armament: 74 guns: Lower gundeck: 28 × 36-pounder long guns. Upper gundeck: 30 × 18-pounder long guns. Forecastle and Quarter deck: 16 × 8-pounder long guns and 4 × 36-pounder carronades.
Crew 680.

FOUGUEUX was a Téméraire class 74-gun French ship of the line built at Lorient from 1784 to 1785 by engineer Segondat.

Ship history
In 1796, she took part in the Expédition d'Irlande under Esprit-Tranquille Maistral.
She took part in the Battle of Trafalgar, firing the first shot of the battle upon HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN. She later attempted to come to the aid of the REDOUTABLE by engaging HMS TEMERAIRE. After badly damaging the FOUGUEUX with broadsides, TEMERAIRE’s first-lieutenant, Thomas Fortescue Kennedy, led a boarding party onto FOUGUEUX, entering the French ship via her main deck ports and chains. The French tried to defend the decks port by port but were steadily overwhelmed. FOUGUEUX's captain, Louis Alexis Baudoin, had suffered a fatal wound earlier in the fighting, leaving Commander François Bazin in charge. On learning that nearly all of the officers were dead or wounded and that most of the guns were out of action, Bazin surrendered the ship to Kennedy.
According to the report of Captain Lucas of the REDOUTABLE,
The FOUGUEUX, which, having fought against several of the enemy's ships, had been left by them without having lowered her flag. She was dismasted and unrigged and floating an unmanageable hulk. On fouling the group of ships she was boarded by the TEMERAIRE. The FOUGUEUX was, however, beyond making serious resistance. Her brave captain, Baudouin, though, even then made an effort, but in vain. He was killed at the outset, and his second in command was wounded at the same moment; whereupon some men of the TEMERAIRE sprang on board and took possession.
On the day after the battle, a severe storm battered the surviving ships. FOUGUEUX has driven ashore near Torre Bermeja on the coast of Spain and was wrecked. Only 25 men aboard the ship survived. British prize crew and French prisoners.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_sh ... UEUX_(1785)
Guyana 2005 $100 sg 6536, scott?
aukepalmhof
 
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