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MOSKOVITCH type waterbus

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MOSKOVITCH type waterbus

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Feb 26, 2021 2:39 am

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1947 MOSKOVICH river launch Moskvoretsky-Bridge.jpg
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In 1947 the Soviet Union issued a series of stamp for the 800th anniversary of Moscow 1147 – 1947 which show us on one stamp of 60k the Moskvoretsky bridge in Moscow with before the bridge a waterbus of the moskvich type.
This type was taken in production in 1948 after the stamp was issued in 1947, so it must be a plan of the ship.

Type of vessel: passenger boat of a semi-enclosed type with two-deck seating of passengers, superstructures partially recessed into the hull, a cockpit in the stern, covered with an awning.

Purpose of the vessel: urban and suburban passenger transportation over short distances.

Place of construction:
Moscow Shipyard (RSFSR, Moscow) - 515, 544;
Kherson Shipyard named after Comintern (Ukrainian SSR, Kherson) - 544;
Samus 'electronic warfare (now Samus' shipyard) (RSFSR, Tomsk region, settlement Samus) - 544;
Bobruisk Shipyard (BSSR, Bobruisk) - 544;
Kaunas SSRZ (Lithuanian SSR, Kaunas) - 544;
Annunciation REBF them. Lenin (RSFSR, Amur region, Blagoveshchensk) - assembly;
Tyumen NW (SFSR, Tyumen);
Listvyanskaya shipyard named after Yaroslavsky (RSFSR, Irkutsk region, Listvyanka settlement).

Register class: "P"

Project 515/544
Length: 22.2 / 27.25 m
Width: 4.8 m
Board height: 1.4 m
Overall height: 5.2 / 5.09 m
Cargo displacement: 45.5 / 53.1 t
Average draft when loaded: 0.88 / 0.9 m
Empty displacement: 33.75 / 39.8 t
Average draft when empty: 0.71 / 0.74 m
Passenger capacity: 131/133 people
Crew: 2
persons Crew seats: 3
Autonomy: 3 days
19/17 km / h Main engine type: 3D6 / 3D6, 6ChSP18 / 22 or 6L160PNS Main engine
power: 1х110 / 1х110, 1х110 or 1х140 kW

The project of the ship was developed by the Central Technical Bureau of the Ministry of River Fleet of the RSFSR in 1947.
A series of pleasure motor ships "Moskvich" (projects 515, 544, 544M) was produced from 1949 to 1954 at the Moscow ship repair and shipbuilding plant (MSSZ). Motor ships of project 544 were also built later, for many years, at different factories of the USSR (for example, in Kherson). The motor ships of the Kherson construction received the designation "type PT", although in fact they did not differ in any way from the Moscow "Muscovites" and were built according to the same project (project 544). More than five hundred motor ships "Moskvich" were built.

"Muscovites" did not receive their own names, for their identification a combination of the letter M and the serial number of the vessel, for example, M-270, was used. In the nineties, some "Muscovites", sold to a private owner, received their own names.

Motor ships of this type were operated mainly as pleasure and excursion ships, as well as in the mode of public transport. And many of these vessels are currently in service. Now they are often the property of private companies and, having been refurbished accordingly, are used for corporate parties and other similar events.


In addition to Moscow, ships of this type were built in Kherson, Tyumen, in the villages of Samus near Tomsk and Listvyanka on Lake Baikal, as well as in Blagoveshchensk, Bobruisk (Belarus), and Kaunas (Lithuania). The ships of the Kherson, Samus and Annunciation buildings were designated "type PT" (for example, "PT-150"), although they were essentially no different from the Moscow "Moskvichs" and were built according to the same project (project 544). Tyumen "Muscovites" were designated by the letter "T". Bobruisk-built ships were designated with the letter "C". Lithuanian ships of project 544 were assigned their own names. To improve safety, portholes were installed on some "Moskvichs" of Siberian and Far Eastern buildings instead of saloon windows.

Vessels with the designation "PT" should be distinguished from open vessels for crossings of the project 792.

In Bobruisk, they specialized in the production of a shallow-draft modification of "Moskvich" for rivers and lakes in Belarus and Ukraine. Vessels of this type can be found in Vinnitsa ("Lyalya Ratushna" and NI Pirogov "), Ternopil Lake (" Hero of Dancers "), in Grodno (" Olga Solomova "), etc.

In the then Leningrad, a slightly modified version of" Muscovites "On a similar hull, featuring a different superstructure with a reduced height. These ships had the designation" L "(for example, L-14) and are known as the" Leningradets "type, project 564. Unlike" Moskvichs "," Leningraders "did not have open decks. "Muscovites" have access to the berth above the engine room, and "Leningraders"
Soviet Union 1947 60k sg1295, scott?
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