This stamp shows in the foreground a Viking ship and a “raketa” type hydrofoil of which the first type was built in Nizhny Novgorod.
Raketa (Russian: Rocket) was the first type of hydrofoil boat commercially produced in the Soviet Union. They were manufactured from 1957 until the early 1970s. The chief designer was Rostislav Alexeyev and the project 340 vessels had been planned already in the late 1940s.
The first model, Raketa-1, was built by the Krasnoye Sormovo shipbuilding plant in Sormovo, Nizhny Novgorod. On its maiden voyage, on 25 August 1957, it carried 30 passengers from Nizhny Novgorod to Kazan (420 km) in seven hours.
Nizhny Novgorod is the administrative center of the Nizhny Novgorod Region of Russia, the capital of the Volga Federal District, the center of the Nizhny Novgorod region, and the Volga-Vyatka Economic District. The population of the city is more than 1,270,000 people.
It was founded in 1221 at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers. The founder of the city is called the Grand Prince of Vladimir Yuri Vsevolodovich. In 1341, the city became the capital of the independent Nizhny Novgorod-Suzdal Principality, which in the middle of the XV century was annexed to Moscow. Later, Nizhny Novgorod played the role of a guard outpost, had its own permanent army. It was here that Russian soldiers gathered before the campaigns against the Kazan Khanate. Around this time, a stone kremlin was built to replace the wooden one. During the Time of Trouble, Nizhny Novgorod remained one of the few cities that continued to support Moscow. Nizhny Novgorod residents Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky made their hometown famous throughout the country after they began to assemble the people's militia, which played a crucial role in the liberation of the country from the Polish invaders.
The rapid economic development of Nizhny Novgorod began in the XIX century, thanks to the appearance of the largest fair in Russia. At this time, powerful industrial enterprises began to appear, and a railway was built. In 1932, Nizhny Novgorod was renamed Gorky. At the same time, one of the largest industrial enterprises, the Gorky Automobile Plant, began operating in the city, which later — during the Great Patriotic War — played a crucial role in achieving victory over the enemy. In 1990, the city again became known as Nizhny Novgorod.
Today, the city is a major center of shipbuilding, aviation, automotive and information technology, as well as the largest center of river tourism in Russia. It is here that numerous international exhibitions are held, which have become the heirs of the famous Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
Nizhny Novgorod has more than 600 unique historical, architectural, and cultural monuments. This gave the foundation for UNESCO to include Nizhny Novgorod in the list of 100 cities of world-historical and cultural value.
The postage stamp depicts the sights of Nizhny Novgorod. The brand also uses modern augmented reality technology, which is available through the free MARka mobile app, which can be downloaded from the App Store and Google Play. Pointing the smartphone camera at the postal thumbnail, you can see a special video about the history and sights of Nizhny Novgorod.
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