200th ANNIVERSARY OF THE MEXICAN NAVY

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aukepalmhof
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200th ANNIVERSARY OF THE MEXICAN NAVY

Post by aukepalmhof » Tue Aug 03, 2021 8:52 pm

Mexico issued a new stamp of $ 13.50 for the 200th Anniversary of the Mexican Navy in 2021. On the left of the stamp are the silhouettes of two warships, a sailing vessel and a modern warship of which I have not any info, also a man bust.

The stamp is designed by Luis Quesada Villakpando after a painting made by Patrick O’Brien which shows us the “Capitulation of fort San Juan de Ulúa”. The painting is now in the Naval Museum of Mexico. The three vessels on the stamp are Spanish ships, which are not identified but are most probably the VICTORIA, GUILLERMO, and AGUILA in which the Spanish troops sailed to Havana in Cuba.

By the stamp is given:
200 Years of the Mexican Navy
Author: Mexican Postal Service
Publication date: April 26, 2021

Mexico is a great Nation, with a proud past, a present that defines us, and a future with great aspirations.
In the pages of the history of our country glorious episodes are inscribed resulting from magnificent feats, which consolidated the wishes of illustrious Mexicans whose ideals were always to forge a free and sovereign homeland. In this sense, the Armed Forces have been present in the most conjectural moments of our Mexico, in such a way that they constitute part of its essence and fighting spirit.
In the case of the Mexican Navy, we can speak of 200 years of defending the legitimate intentions of our people.
Around 1821, after knowing that our Nation was independent, immediately the people knew the importance of staying that way and safeguarding the right to write their own history ever since.
On October 4, 1821, when the Ministry of War and Navy was created and, with it, the unparalleled opportunity to demonstrate an iron patriotism from the sea.
With this action, the history of our Institution as a war body of the Mexican State began, and then a Navy was born to serve Mexico.
As soon as it happened, the women and men of the sea set to work on our coasts and seas to prevent foreign forces from reconquering our territory.
Little more than four years later, and as it is gloriously written in the pages of history, it was up to the Mexican Navy to consolidate our Independence at sea.
Since then, we naval sailors have courageously carried out each of the missions that have been entrusted to us, from the defense of national sovereignty to the safeguarding of human life at sea and supporting the civilian population in cases and areas during disasters.
It could not be otherwise. We are preceded by a bicentennial of feats filled with Honor, Duty, Loyalty and Patriotism.
Two hundred years of an Institution that has transformed and evolved to become the Secretariat of the Navy of Mexico. That is why, on October 4, we remember and celebrate such an important date, with it we relive our origins, and we endorse our mission and our enormous love for Mexico and together with the Mexican Postal Service, we issued a postage stamp for this celebration.
https://www.gob.mx/correosdemexico/acci ... -de-mexico

San Juan de Ulúa, the last Spanish stronghold in Mexico, capitulates to General Miguel Barragán
November 18, 1825
The Spanish garrison of the Castillo de San Juan de Ulúa, the last Spanish stronghold in Mexico, signs the capitulation before the military commander and governor of Veracruz, General Miguel Barragán.
San Juan de Ulúa is an islet located in front of the port of Veracruz. During the viceroyalty, a fortress was built with its own facilities for the disembarkation of goods from Spain.

Despite having been consummated the independence of Mexico, San Juan de Ulúa remained the only territory of the former New Spain, which was still in the hands of the peninsular. In 1821, the person in charge was General José Dávila, then it was General Francisco Lemour who handed him over to Brigadier José Coppinger, who bombarded Veracruz causing severe damage.
In 1825 Guadalupe Victoria, as President of the Republic, organized the offensive to rescue the fort that received aid from Spain from Havana; he bought a flotilla of ships from England, blocked the island and seized some North American ships trying to break the blockade.
Spanish boats left from Havana to San Juan de Ulúa to provide assistance to the peninsular, but these boats withdrew when they spotted the Mexican fleet. Then the Spaniards decided to capitulate conditionally and asking for a period to withdraw; it was a ruse, as they expected help.
On November 5 of this year, Brigadier Coppinger agreed to discuss the terms of the surrender proposed by General Miguel Barragán, with the representatives of the Mexican government José Antonio Juille y Moreno, José Román, and Juan Robles. The negotiations culminated on the 17th of the same month when the surrender document was completed.
Today, in compliance with article 14 of the capitulation document, it is reported in "Historical Gestures of the Mexican Navy": "Mexican colonels Ciriaco Vázquez and Mariano Barbosa went to the castle of Ulúa, while two Spanish officers appointed by Coppinger they were left in Veracruz as hostages.
On the 19th and 20th the soldiers of the garrison who were ill were taken to the port hospitals; while they were delivered to the national military authorities in the Ulúa fortress, five boats, two feluas, a pailebot, and two boats, in addition to all the artillery, weapons, mounts, carriages and other supplies.

On November 21, Brigadier Coppinger and his General Staff embarked aboard the brig VICTORIA, of the Mexican Navy, together with the hostages Vázquez and Barbosa. While on the merchant ships GUILLERMO and AGUILA chartered by the Mexican government, 103 men from the garrison boarded and another 15 more than those who had surrendered; they stocked up with the implements they needed and on the 23rd they set sail from Veracruz to Havana, Cuba.

It was at that moment that, as had been stipulated, the Spanish flag that was in the castle of San Juan de Ulúa was lowered, with all the honors of the military ceremony, and at 11:00 hours the tricolor flag of Mexico was raised, which was greeted with salutes of artillery, music and the most thunderous enthusiasm of the population of the port of Veracruz. "
From now on, the Castillo de San Juan de Ulúa will not only serve for defense, but will also be turned into a prison for criminals and political prisoners and will function that way until the revolutionary era. Their cells were known as "jars", because they were small and humid since the seawater is absorbed by the walls. Many notable characters passed through these jars, from "Chucho el roto", the generous bandit, to Ricardo Flores Magón, the greatest intellectual of the Mexican Revolution.

https://www.memoriapoliticademexico.org ... 11825.html
Mexico 2021 $13.50 sg?, Scott?
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