Lithuania issued in 2021 one stamp in the Lithuanian Maritime History, which shows us the galleass JÛRATÉ. By the stamp is given:
The sailing ship, which became the symbol of the beginning, was built in 1920 in Germany by order of the Lithuanian Steamship Company. In its time, "Jūratė" was extremely maneuverable and adapted specifically for sea and river navigation. The ship was characterized by speed - it could reach a speed of up to 5 knots, and with sails, it could sail twice as fast. Jūratė's masts were designed so that it could pass under bridges - they could be lowered and shortened. The sailboat also had two wooden boards (levers) (I think the correct English name is leeboards) lowered overboard, which reduced the ship’s lateral drift. It was also one of the first ships to fly the Lithuanian flag.
Built as a steel two-masted auxiliary sailing vessel under yard no 392 by A.G. Friedrich Krupp. Germaniawerft, Kiel Germany for Lietuvos Garlaiviu Bendrové, Jurbarkas, Lithuania (Lithuanian Steamship Company)
November 1920 launched as the JURATE. Named after the mermaid Jurate, see below.
Tonnage 136.0 gross, 97.0 net, 200.0 dwt, dim. 30.24 x 6.78 x 2.22m.
One auxiliary 2-cyl. Oil-engine, manufactured by Hanseatische Motoren G.m.b.H.35 hp, one shaft, maximum speed 7 knots.
January 1921 delivered to owners.
January 1926 at Rotterdam she was sold to skipper H. Oldenburg in Groningen and renamed in THEA.
Most probably used in the trade from the North Sea to the Baltic ports under the Dutch flag.
11 August 1928 she was sold for 2,000 Dutch Guilders to Martinique, if she was renamed is not given, and also not a new owner.
Fate: After 1952 she is not more named in Lloyds Register.
The Lithuanian steamship company, which was founded on 01 February 1919 In Kaunas. The company was established in order to organize river and sea transport in Lithuania. The article describes the work of the Lithuanian steamship company in organizing water transport in 1920–1936. The company’s fleet was used in rivers and sea transport. The establishment of the Lithuanian Steamship Company on 01 February 1919 was heavily tied to the US contribution of US, as the statutory capital was 500 thousand Marks. Marks were not only local but also accumulated by US Lithuanians. The company started its activities in river transport on 23 March 1920. when the first inland river steamship RAMBYNAS was acquired. Later, the river steamships EGLE and RUTA were also used on the rivers, carrying passengers and towed several cargo barges. The river activities were not interrupted until 1936.
Maritime sea transport has been operating from 1921 until 1926. In 1921 JURATE and KASTYTIS were acquired, the last sank in 1925, and due to the financial debts in 1926, the company had to sell the JURATE.
April 1920, the company already operated four river steamers. The report of the Lithuanian news agency Elta of that year stated that the Lithuanian steamship company was building 6 new merchant ships and plans to purchase two passenger liners.
'1921 In the spring of that year, only two small motor sailing vessels JURATE and KASTYTIS, which were registered in Jurbarkas, were delivered to owners.
04 March 1921 JURATE, entered Klaipėda harbour, she became the first Lithuanian sea-going merchant ship to visit the port.
In the first year, the seagoing ships of the Lithuanian Steamship Company sailed between the ports of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, they rarely called to Klaipeda because there was not any cargo to export.
After a couple of years, the situation changed in 1923 they came to Klaipeda with goods every week. For some time JURATE sailed between Tallinn and Klaipėda.
"Without small, powerful propulsion, sailing ships could not carry large quantities of goods, especially since their structure was not adapted to regular long-distance voyages on the high seas. Due to lack of funds, they were not insured. Due to their limited size and capabilities, motor sailboats did not provide Lithuania with the benefits that the country could receive from the merchant fleet.
1925 At the beginning of the 19th century, KASTYTIS ran aground and sank on a voyage from Bremen to Västervik, Sweden, loaded with coal and was lost.
Around 1926, JURATE was sold to the Netherlands due to accumulated debts.
From the very beginning of the seagoing vessels, she made losses and lumped LGB into debt, so in 1926. In the spring of 2006, LGB declared the end of the company's activities in shipping. Without receiving financial support from the Lithuanian Government, plans to start sea shipping between Klaipeda, London or even New York collapsed. Representatives of the Seafarers' Union regretted LGB's failed attempt to build a merchant fleet, citing a lack of professionalism in maritime affairs. The interwar press emphasizes that the Lithuanian government itself hindered LGB's survival at sea. The company paid high taxes because some of its founders belonged to opposition parties. No closer links have been established between the state economy and the seaport. Despite the failure, Jūratė and Kastytis were the first Lithuanian seagoing ships, and Jurbarkas became the first Lithuanian seaport,
Sources: Various internet sites
The Lithuanian Legend about Jūratė and Kastytis after the two ships were named.
Probably almost everyone in Lithuania has heard the story of Jūratė and Kastytis’s unhappy love story. According to the legend, the mermaid Jūratė, the daughter of Perkūnas, lived in an amber palace built at the bottom of the Baltic Sea, managing the waters and protecting the fish. Once upon a time, where the river Šventoji flows into the Baltic Sea, the courageous seaside fisherman Kastytis cast his nets. Jūratė sent her mermaids to warn Kastytis that he should not disturb the waters of the sea and scare her fish, but the fisherman resisted the mermaids’ seductions, did not obey the goddess and continued fishing. Jūratė wanted to see who dared to disobey her and appeared on the surface of the water. When she saw Kastytis, she was won over by his beauty and courage, and the young fisherman also instantly fell in love with Jūratė and surrendered to her charms. He stayed in the amber palace at the bottom of the sea.
The lovers’ happiness did not last long, as the god Perkūnas became aware of Jūratė’s love for an ordinary mortal and destroyed the amber palace with his lightning. The palace collapsed, Kastytis was killed and Jūratė was chained to the wall of the ruins for punishment. Her lamentations are so sorrowful and emotional that they move the very depths of the sea. Then the water throws ashore the remains of the amber palace and small pieces of amber – Jūratė’s tears – as clear and transparent as the love of the goddess and mortal fisherman.
https://www.gintarokelione.lt/en/uncate ... -kastytis/
Lithuania 2021 0.84 Euro, sg?, Scott?
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