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ANDERS SPARRMANN and Tahitian canoes

On this stamp of Sweden is depict a portrait of the Swedish naturalist Anders Sparrmann who made a voyage with James Cook during his second voyage in 1772. The background shows a part of a painting made by William Hodges of Matavai Bay, Tahiti and the island from the north-west, with Mount Orofena in the distance, together with Point Venus and One-Tree Hill. The scene is diffused with the light from the rising sun on the left of the painting. Various Tahitian boats can be seen in the foreground; a small outrigger sailing canoe on the far left, the coastal craft in the centre with two figures on board, and the war canoe on the far right with its dominant stern. (the war canoe is not visible on the stamp.)
Read more at ... TGlOS4S.99

Wikipedia gives on Sparrmann:
Anders Sparrman (27 February 1748, Tensta, Uppland – 9 August 1820) was a Swedish naturalist, abolitionist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
Sparrman was the son of a clergyman. At the age of nine he enrolled at Uppsala University, beginning medical studies at fourteen and becoming one of the outstanding pupils of Linnaeus. In 1765 he went on a voyage to China as ship's doctor, returning two years later and describing the animals and plants he had encountered. On this voyage he met Carl Gustaf Ekeberg.
He sailed for the Cape of Good Hope in January 1772 to take up a post as a tutor. When James Cook arrived there later in the year at the start of his second voyage, Sparrman was taken on as assistant naturalist to Johann and Georg Forster. After the voyage he returned to Cape Town in July 1775 and practiced medicine, earning enough to finance a journey into the interior. He was guided by Daniel Ferdinand Immelman, the young frontiersman who had previously guided the Swedish botanist Carl Peter Thunberg. Daniel and Sparrman reached the Great Fish River and returned in April 1776. In 1776 Sparrman returned to Sweden, where he had been awarded an honorary doctorate in his absence. He was also elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1777. He was appointed keeper of the natural historical collections of the Academy of Sciences in 1780, Professor of natural history and pharmacology in 1781 and assessor of the Collegium Medicum in 1790. In 1787 he took part in an expedition to West Africa, but this was not successful.
Sparrman published several works, the best known of which is his account of his travels in South Africa and with Cook, published in English as A voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, towards the Antarctic polar circle, and round the world: But chiefly into the country of the Hottentots and Caffres, from the year 1772 to 1776 (1789). He also published a Catalogue of the Museum Carlsonianum (1786–89), in which he described many of the specimens he had collected in South Africa and the South Pacific, some of which were new to science. He published an Ornithology of Sweden in 1806.
The asteroid 16646 Sparrman bears his name. The Swedish novelist Per Wästberg has written a biographical novel about Sparrman which was published in English in 2010, under the title as The Journey of Anders Sparrman. Anders Erikson Sparrman is denoted by the author abbreviation Sparrm. when citing a botanical name.

Sweden 1973 1k sg 746, scott 1006.


This stamp issued by Finland in 1946 for the 250th Anniversary of the Pilotage Authority shows us the old light tower of Uto built in 1753, on the stamp is also a sailing vessel which is not identified. The rigging looks like a schoonerbarque?

Uto is a small island in the archipelago of the Baltic Sea, Utö is the southernmost year-round inhabited island in Finland. Uto lighthouse was built upon this small island on the eastern side of the Uto inlet, which is the entrance of the channel that leads through and amongst the islands to Abo (Turku).

She was the oldest of the Finnish lighthouses and built in 1753 on Uto, also known as the main gateway to the Archipelago Sea. The Uto lighthouse was destroyed in the War of Finland 1808-1809, but was rebuilt in 1814. Subsequently, its tower has been remodelled several times.

The old tower was conical built, 30 meter high. The tower had two lights, an oil-light in the lantern on top of the tower and a coal fire outside the tower in an iron basket attached to the tower via a wooden type frame.

Source: Sailing directions for the Gulf of Finland, Navicula and internet
Finland 1946 8.00M sg 420, scott252.


For the 100th anniversary of the publication of the epic poem Kalevala, Finland issued three stamps in 1935 which shows on the 2,00 M stamp a type of Viking ship in which the hero of the epos Väinämöinen escaped with the “sampo”, made by the blacksmith Ilmarinen.
When the Goddess Louhi finds out that the “sampo” was stolen, she changed in an eagle, took her warriors on her back and landed on the boat of Väinämöinen (as seen on stamp), where after a battle started in which the boat sank, which took with her the “sampo”.
Plenty more on this poem you can find on the internet,

Encyclopaedia Britannica gives:
Kalevala, Finnish national epic compiled from old Finnish ballads, lyrical songs, and incantations that were a part of Finnish oral tradition.
The Kalevala was compiled by Elias Lönnrot, who published the folk material in two editions (32 cantos, 1835; enlarged into 50 cantos, 1849). Kalevala, the dwelling place of the poem’s chief characters, is a poetic name for Finland, meaning “land of heroes.” The leader of the “sons of Kaleva” is the old and wise Väinämöinen, a powerful seer with supernatural origins, who is a master of the kantele, the Finnish harplike stringed instrument. Other characters include the skilled smith Ilmarinen, one of those who forged the “lids of heaven” when the world was created; Lemminkäinen, the carefree adventurer-warrior and charmer of women; Louhi, the female ruler of Pohjola, a powerful land in the north; and the tragic hero Kullervo, who is forced by fate to be a slave from childhood.
Among the main dramas of the poem are the creation of the world and the adventurous journeys of Väinämöinen, Ilmarinen, and Lemminkäinen to Pohjola to woo the beautiful daughter of Louhi, during which the miraculous sampo, a mill that produces salt, meal, and gold and is a talisman of happiness and prosperity, is forged and recovered for the people of Kalevala. Although the Kalevala depicts the conditions and ideas of the pre-Christian period, the last canto seems to predict the decline of paganism: the maid Marjatta gives birth to a son who is baptized king of Karelia, and the pagan Väinämöinen makes way for him, departing from Finland without his kantele and songs.
The Kalevala is written in unrhymed octosyllabic trochees and dactyls (the Kalevala metre) and its style is characterized by alliteration, parallelism, and repetition. Besides fostering the Finnish national spirit, the poem has been translated into at least 20 languages; it has inspired many outstanding works of art, e.g., the paintings of Akseli Gallen-Kallela and the musical compositions of Jean Sibelius. The epic style and metre of the poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow also reflect the influence of the Kalevala.

Finland 1935 2.00M sg 307, scott 208. The painting shows the landing of Louhi on the boat, painting is made by Aksell Gallen Kallela.

Haukur 1973

Haukur was built in Reykjavík in 1973, thus being a youngster for a wooden boat. In the beginning she was designed as a fishing boat but due to the shipbuilder’s respect and enthusiasm for old sail boats the hull shape was rather unusual and in fact with a resemblance to the old shark and fishing schooners that were common around Iceland in the 19th century. When North Sailing bought the boat in 1996 it was soon clear that the boat would be a great sailing vessel and after serving 5 summers as an ordinary whale watching vessel the boat was transformed to a two mast schooner in the shipyard of Húsavík.

Phoenix 1929

The Phoenix is a ship built by Hjorne & Jakobsen at Frederikshavn, Denmark in 1929, originally as an Evangelical Mission Schooner.
Length: 112ft Beam21.9ft Draught 8.5ft. Propulsion 12 sails, 235 h.p. Volvo. Crew of 10

Missionary and cargo ship
Twenty years later she retired from missionary work and carried cargo until her engine room was damaged by fire. In 1974 she was bought by new owners who converted her into a Brigantine before being purchased by Square Sail in 1988. A first aid over-haul enabled her to sail back to the UK where she underwent a complete refit.
Appearances in films
Caravel Santa Maria
During 1991 she was converted to the 15th century Caravel Santa Maria for Ridley Scott's film 1492: Conquest of Paradise. The ship was known as Santa Maria until, in 1996, due to increasing demand for period square-riggers, she was converted into a 2 masted Brig and reverted to her original name Phoenix of Dell Quay.
Hornblower Series 3
Phoenix of Dell Quay was used as the ship Retribution in the Hornblower Series 3.


Spirit of New Zealand 1986

The tall ship Spirit of New Zealand is a steel-hulled, three-masted barquentine from Auckland, New Zealand. It was purpose-built by the Spirit of Adventure Trust in 1986 for youth development. It is 42.5 m in total length and carries a maximum of 40 trainees and 13 crew on overnight voyages. The ship's home port is Auckland, and it spends most of its time sailing around the Hauraki Gulf. During the summer season, it often sails to the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson, at the top of the South Island.
The spirit of the project was derived from the sail training operations of the schooners "Sir Winston Churchill" and "Malcolm Miller" which were built for the organisation formerly known as the Sail Training Association ( STA) ... ur-history
The ship is used for a year-round programme of youth development, consisting primarily of 10-day individual voyages for 15- to 19-year-olds and 5-day Spirit Trophy voyages for teams of 10 Year 10 students. Once a year an Inspiration voyage for trainees with physical disabilities is run, as well as board of trustees and Navy training voyages. In addition, adult day, weekend and coastal voyages are offered to paying members of the public. The ship is usually in dry-dock for refit in November and does not sail on Christmas Day.
The Spirit of New Zealand is a barquentine-rigged three-masted steel hull 33.3 m (109 ft) long, with an overall length of 45.2 m (148 ft) including the bowsprit, and a maximum width of 9.1 m (29.9 ft). She has a draft of about 4 m (13 ft) and a displacement of 286 tons. Under power, the Spirit of New Zealand can reach a top speed of 10 knots, and 14 knots under sail. A new engine installed in late 2010 is expected to increase the vessel's maximum speed.
The three steel masts are 28.7, 31.3, and 28.0 metres high and carry 14 sails totalling 724.3m² (7,965 ft²). There are 3 jibs and 4 square sails on the foremast. The main and mizzen masts are gaff rigged, and both can carry a gaff-topsail. In addition, there are 3 staysails on the main mast.
The hull is painted black with the ship's name and the Trust's website painted in white at the bow and across the stern. In addition, a large silver fern is painted on either side of the bow beneath the name. A stainless steel rubbing strake runs the length of the vessel and circular port holes are visible above the waterline. A wooden rail runs around the edge of the entire deck.
The standard crew of the Spirit of New Zealand has varied during her lifetime, but in 2010 consisted of 1 master, 3 mates, 1 cook, 1 engineer, 2 cadets, 3 volunteer watch assistants, 2 leading hands and 40 trainees. For day sail voyages, the ship is registered to carry significantly more passengers. The trainees are normally split 20 male and 20 female, and sleep in separate accommodation. A change to the male accommodation was made so that 6 of the bunks could be separated from the remainder, allowing voyages to sail with 26 females and 14 males. This change was made in response to frequently higher female applicants than male applicants.

BRITANNIC liner 1915.

The full index of our ship stamp archive

BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby shipstamps » Sun Mar 22, 2009 4:25 pm

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Built as a passenger vessel under yard No 433 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the Oceanic S.N.Co. Ltd, (White Star Line), Liverpool.
30 November 1911 laid down as GIGANTIC.
When her sister the TITANIC was lost on her maiden voyage, construction was halted to await the outcome of the inquire in her loss.
Several new design changes were incorporated in her building.
26 February 1914 launched as the BRITANNIC.
Tonnage 48.158 gross, dim. 269.1 x 29 x 10.5m. (draught).
Powered by triple expansion & steam turbines, total 50.000 hp, three screws speed maximum 23 knots.
When World War I broke out she was unfinished.
13 November 1915 requisitioned by the British Government and refitted in a hospital ship, repainted white.
08 December 1915 completed.

12 December 1915 she arrived in Liverpool under command of Capt. Charles A Bartlett with a crew of 675.
In Liverpool she was fitted out with 2034 berths, 1035 cots, a medical staff of 52 officers, 101 nurses, and 336 orderlies joined her there. The same day was she commissioned as HMHS BRITANNIC.

23December 1915 she left Liverpool bound for Mudros on the Isles of Lemnos, where she would join the AQUITANIA, MAURETANIA and OLYMPIC in the Dardanelles Service.
She completed five successful voyages from the Middle Eastern theatre of war to the U.K with sick and wounded troops.

12 November 1916 she began on her sixth voyage from the U.K. to the Mediterranean. She made a call at Naples, where she arrived on 17 November for coaling, a storm delayed her departure there, and she sailed on Sunday after the weather had improved. Via the Strait of Messina and Cape Matapan Greek south coast which was rounded 21 November.
When passing the Kea Channel, Aegean Sea the same day around 20.00 she hit a mine laid an hour previously by the German submarine U-73 under command of Lt. Comdr. Siehs.
She sank after 55 minutes, from the 1125 peoples on board 30 died, most of this deaths happened when two lifeboats were launched before the vessel was stopped, and the boats were sucked into the still turning propellers, 28 people were injured.

The wreck was discovered in 1976 by Jacques Cousteau and she lay on her side in about 350 feet of water.

The stamp of Gambia her name is misspelled with on N.
The Great Britain stamp of 1999 sg2090 is almost certain the BRITANNIC under construction at Belfast.

Source: Wikipedia. Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the age of steam 1824-1962 by Charles Hocking.
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Re: BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby john sefton » Wed May 13, 2009 10:11 pm

DIVERS this week hope to shed light on the fate of the luxury liner Britannic, sunk by a mysterious explosion near the Greek island of Kea in 1916 while on her way to pick up British war casualties from the Middle East. Of more than 1,100 people on board, 28 died, sucked under by the ship's propellers as she went down. A sister ship to the Titanic and about a tenth larger, the Britannic lies on her starboard side nearly 400ft down in the Kea channel. As one of the world's biggest wrecks, the largely intact hull and superstructure have been
by such marine luminaries as the late Jacques-Yves Cousteau, who discovered it 20 years ago, and Robert Ballard, who discovered the wreck of the Titanic. Despite those efforts, why the Britannic sank a mere 57 minutes after the blast ripped a gash in her bow, and what caused the explosion, remain unanswered questions.
Nineteen divers working on "Project Britannic 97" said they had taken video footage of metal fragments found on and near the wreck to test the prevailing theory that the ship hit a mine or was torpedoed. The team, which includes one Briton, has been diving at the site for several weeks.
On November 21, the day of the sinking, Britain had been in the process of increasing its military presence in the Middle East for more than a year. British forces were finding it difficult to dislodge the Turks from Palestine and had lost two battles in Gaza. Mounting casualties drove the Government to requisition the Britannic after her maiden commercial voyage and turn her into a hospital ship.
She never finished her first voyage in her new capacity — to collect wounded soldiers on the island of Lesbos, and take them to Southampton. Survivors described later how Captain Charles Bartlett, the master, nosed the liner at full speed towards Kea in a vain attempt to run her aground and save lives.
(Newspaper article date not known.)
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Re: BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby placid » Thu May 14, 2009 10:35 am

on what basis do you think that the ship on the gb stamp is" almost certainly the brittanic " when her sister ships might have had the same colour hull ?
Derek Mabbs 8-)
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Re: BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri May 15, 2009 10:01 pm

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Her two sisters were built together, and there is only one ship on the slipway, the BRITANNIC was built later.

Liberia 2000 $5.00 sg?, scott?
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Thu Aug 11, 2011 10:11 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby john sefton » Tue May 26, 2009 9:32 am

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A highly respected British diver has died during the exploration of a shipwreck off the coast of Greece.
Carl Spencer, 37, had been leading a 17-man National Geographic Society expedition to film Britannic, sister ship of Titanic, off the island of Kea when he suffered severe decompression sickness (DCS), also known as the bends, during an emergency ascent to the surface.
The 53,000-ton Britannic, even larger than her famous sibling and deemed equally "unsinkable", was lost in 57 minutes after hitting a mine in 1916 while serving as a hospital ship during the First World War.
The wreck was discovered in 1975 by the French undersea explorer Jacques Cousteau, but, lying at about 300ft (90m), it pushes divers to the limits of endurance.
Report in the "Times" Newspaper May 26th 2009.
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Re: BRITANNIC liner 1915.

Postby john sefton » Fri Mar 26, 2010 9:34 pm

There has been some discussion regarding which ship is illustrated on the GB stamp.
Derek Mabbs has contacted the Royal Mail and has had a reply as follows:-
According to the artist, Bill Sanderson, the ship depicted on the stamp is a "composite of RMS Titanic, HMS Britannic and RMS Olympic".
I think that clears the matter up. Well done Derek.
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