PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689


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Postby shipstamps » Mon Sep 22, 2008 11:27 pm

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Built as an icebreaker under yard No. 399 by Wärtsilä A/B, Helsinki for the Soviet Government (V/O Sudoimport, Moscow.)
10 September 1973 keel laid down.
26 April 1974 launched under the name ADMIRAL MAKAROV, two sisters the YERMAK and KRASIN.
Tonnage 12.223 grt, 4.217 net, 7.560 dwt., dim. 134.83 x 26.07 x 16.72m, draught 11 meter.
Powered; diesel electric by 9 12-cyl. Wärtsila-Sulzer, 41.400bhp., driving 9 generators connected to electric motors, 12.000 shp each, connected to three shafts, speed 19 knots.
12 June 1975 completed, homeport Vladivostok.

Under command of Capt. Vadim Ivanovich Abonosimow, she was used in the Northern waters of Russia.
1981 She towed a floating dock of 30.000 tons from Yugoslavia to the Far East.
The same year she towed a floating dock of 100.000 dwt. from Japan to the Russian Far East.
October 1988 she together with the VLADIMIR ARSENYEV rescued two whales captured in the ice for three weeks off North Alaska. To honour this event the Alaskans population granted a memorial to the town of Vladivostok, it is standing on a square in the city.
1999 Under command of Capt. Vadim Andreevich Kholodenko she towed a floating dock via the North East Passage (above Canada) from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski to the Bahamas.
27 June 2003 she sailed from Vladivostok to the Baltic, where she was stationed for three years in the Gulf of Finland to assist vessels during the winter months from Primorsk a large oil terminal to ice-free waters in the Baltic. In the winter season 2003/04 she escorted 234 tankers, during 2004/05 151 vessels, and in the season 2005/06 265 vessels.

After completing the winter season 2005/06 she returned to Vladivostok via the Northern route, she covered the northern route in 8 days. Arriving Vladivostok 04 November 2006.

After maintenance at Vladivostok she left this port for the Tatar Strait for a 10 year time charter by Exxon-Neftgaz Ltd, to escort large Aframax type tankers from Project Sakhalin 1 to the port of De-Kastri.

2008 As given by she is now owned and managed by Far Eastern Shipping Company (FESCO), Vladivostok. IMO No. 7347603. Tonnage now given as 14.058 grt.

Source: Soviet Merchant Ships by Ambrose Greenway.
FESCO web-site.
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Re: ADMIRAL MAKAROV icebreaker

Postby aukepalmhof » Wed Apr 03, 2019 8:07 pm

2018 operation breakthrough Admiral Makarov. MS jpg.jpg
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2018 ADMIRAL MAKAROV (4).jpg
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2019 In service, managed by Rosmoport, Moscow her last position is moored in Murmansk.
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