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Postby shipstamps » Sun Sep 21, 2008 5:17 pm

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Built as a trawler under yard No. 88 by Maritima del Mussel, Gijon, Spain for Navipesca, Spain.
Launched under the name AROSA QUINTA.
Tonnage 666 gross, 323 net, 800 dwt., dim. 160.9 x 30.2 x 18.7ft.
Powered by one 8-cyl oil 4SA engine, manufactured by Motorenwerke, Manheim, Germany, 1.400 bhp., speed 15 knots.
Two decks one hold.
1968 completed.

1986 Listed as owned by S.A. Pesquera Industrial Galega, registered in Vigo, Spain.
1989 Sold to Compania Interocional de Bacalao S.A. (PEBSA) renamed PESCAMEX IV, and registered in Panama.
1998 Sold to Arcosmar Fisheries Corp., and renamed CISNE ROJO registered in Belize, and refitted with a new Anglo Belgian Corp. 8-cyl. 1.448 bhp diesel engine.

She landed tootfish in Mauritius during 1999-2000 with DCDs fishing permit issued by the Seychelles for CCAMLR Area 51.
In 2000, the vessel unloaded toothfish in Mauritius in February, July and October.
In April 2000 CISNE ROJO and CISNE AZUL, both flagged to Belize, were refused entry to the Western Australian Port of Fremantle.

In 2001, CISNE ROJO was renamed LINCE and flagged to Seychelles, and as LINCE unloaded toothfish in Mauritius in January, April, August and November.
In 2002, the vessel returned and unloaded toothfish in March, June and October.

Lince (sighted with the ALOS) was apprehended by the French Navy frigate NIVOSE near Kerguelen Island in January 2003.
The vessel was 80 nautical miles inside the French EEZ zone when intercepted, and was carrying 160 tonnes of toothfish on board. The vessel was confiscated, and converted into a French Navy patrol boat, renamed OSIRIS, and used around Reunion for fishery patrols.

When LINCE was apprehended, Seychelles deflagged LINCE and cancelled her licenses in March 2003.

The Patagonian toothfish, (Dissostichus eleginoides), and Antarctic toothfish (Disssostichus mawsoniii) are deep sea species found throughout large areas of the Sub-Antarctic oceans, but primarily in the Southern Ocean and adjacent southern parts of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The fish is also known as Mero, Chilean Sea Bass and Black Hake.

Toothfish are bottom-dwellers, in depths of 300 meters to 3.500 meters, but move off the bottom on occasions to feed. They are found primarily in easterly banks and appear to thrive best near land. Consequently, the fishing grounds are concentrated on continental shelves around the islands in the region.

This species can be fished to depths of 3.500 meters. However this varies with large fish of spawning age fished at a depth of around 2000 meters in the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, while around Heard Island and McDonald Islands, toothfish are more commonly fished at depths of between 400 and 1200 meters.

The Patagonian toothfish grows slowly and reaches spawning age between eight and 10 years, at which stage it is about 80cm long. The fish can reach an age of 45, a maximum length of 2.2 meters and about 120 kg in weight...
Its diet is mainly based on squid, fish, crabs and prawns. The Antarctic toothfish has very similar biological characteristics, but is thought to grow a bit slower than Patagonian toothfish, and has a smaller maximum length (estimated at around 1.8 meters.)

The Patagonian toothfish fishery began in the southwest Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Argentina and the Falkland Islands in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. Over time the fishery moved further eastwards via South Georgia, Bouvet Island, Prince Edwards and Marion Islands, Crozet Island, Kerguelen Island, Heard island and MacDonalds Islands, as well as at Macquarie Islands. There are also substantial fisheries for Patagonian toothfish off the continental slopes of Chile and Argentina.
The Antarctic toothfish fishery began later, as the fish tend to be found only in very southern latitudes and alongside the Antarctica icepack. The main legal fishery for Antarctic toothfish is in the Ross Sea, called Division 88.1 and 88.2 by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic and Marine Living Resources. (CCAMLR). (p78).

Commercial fishing of the toothfish is managed by CCAMLR around most of the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic regions. Some of the Fisheries off Territorial waters taking into account management recommendations and approaches by CCAMLR.

In the legal toothfish fisheries managed by CCAMLR and countries with territorial waters, there are two main methods of fishing permitted. The most common method is fishing by longlines (where a long “mainline” is set in the water, with many baited hooks coming off that line); and the second major method is by trawling (where a net is towed behind the vessel for short periods of time). For all methods of legal fishing for toothfish there are minimal interactions with seabirds these days.

Watercraft Philately Vol 52 pag. 77/78
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