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JADRAN

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JADRAN

Postby shipstamps » Wed Sep 17, 2008 10:25 pm

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]For the 75th Anniversary of the sail-training vessel JADRAN the Montenegro Post issued in 2007 a stamp of 0.60E.
When the old Yugoslavian training-ship VILA VELEBRITA needed to be replaced by a newer vessel, but due to meagre financial resources, construction of such a ship was put on hold for better times.
Jadranska Straza the society who want to build the vessel, tried to raise money. The order was given to a German yard after 1 million Dinars was collected, only one eighth of the total amount needed. The remaining sum was procured partly by a loan taken out by the navy and partly from war reparations.
04 September 1930 a contract was signed with the German shipbuilder.

Built as a three-masted steel topsail schooner (sometimes also given as a barquentine) by H.C.Stülcken & Son, Hamburg for the Yugoslavian Fleet Society Jadranska Straza.
25 June 1931 launched under the name JADRAN which means Adriatic Sea.
Tonnage 492 gross, 287 net, 342dwt., dim. 58.00 x 8.90 x 4.55m., length bpp 41.00m, draught 4.00m
Powered by a Linke-Hofmann A/G 3-cyl. oil engine, 81 nhp. (375hp), speed under engine 8 mile.
She has an accommodation for 72 crew and 132 cadets.
Sail area 800 m²,
When the German currency devaluated it affected payments charged to the war reparation account, and delivery was delayed (Lloyds gives as owners first the shipyard.)
She was transferred on delivery to the Yugoslavian Navy.

26 June 1933 for the first time the crew hoisted her sails and sailed from Hamburg, and her maiden voyage commenced bound for her home country.
16 July 1933 at 10 a.m. she arrived at Tivat, Montenegro, and till today her homeport.
The next year she made training voyages outside the Adriatic, she made voyages to Tunisia, Malta and Piraeus.
Her last pre-war voyage from 22 May till 09 September she made calls at Malta, Lisbon, Cherbourg, Rotterdam, Hamburg, Kiel, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Oslo and Portsmouth.
20 April 1938 she sailed from Dubrovnik for a voyage to North America on the invitation of the Yugoslavians who had left there home country and had immigrated to the USA.
She sailed via Malta, Gibraltar, Madeira and Bermuda arriving on 21 June 1938 at New York.
After a stay of 16 days in New York and visited by several thousand Yugoslavian emigrants, she sailed to Boston, staying there 5 days, before she sailed home across the North Atlantic.

When war broke out between Yugoslavia and Italia in 1941 the JADRAN was at anchor near Djenovici, but she was not attacked, when the Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrendered the Italian Navy took possession of the vessel, and renamed it MARCO POLO.
When Italia surrendered to the Allies on 08 September 1943 the MARCO POLO lay at Venice.
After the surrender the German forces acted very quickly and occupied most of Northern Italia, and the MARCO POLO was falling in German hands.
The Germans not interested in her, and she stayed at anchor at Venice without much care taken of her.
At the end of the World War II she was used as a bridge in Venice, and completely abandoned and looted of most of her usable parts.

On orders of the Yugoslavian Navy after the war she was towed back by the tug SPASILAC to Tivat, and repaired by Repair Institute Sava Kovacevic at Tivat. Again renamed in JADRAN.
Mid 1949 the repair and reconstruction of the JADRAN was completed.
At that time her old engine must have been replaced by a Burmeister Alpha diesel of 353 hp., which gives her a speed of 10 knots under engine power.

Thereafter used by the Navy Academy at Bakar as a training vessel, mostly in the Mediterranean.
During the instability in the Balkan not much was heard of her, but in a deteriorated state she was still in Tivat, and did belong to the Serbian Navy.
2006 When Montenegro voted for independence, she came in the hands of the Navy of Montenegro, and till today she is the property of the navy, with homeport Tivat.
A photo of her on the net gives her in a perfect state, so she must have had an extensively refurbishment lately.
Also I found on the net, that she can be hired from the navy for cruises.

Source: http://www.vibilia.co.yu/srpski/izvesta ... 303eng.pdf De laatste Grote Zeilschepen by Otmar Schäuffelen . Sail Training and Cadet Ships by Harold A Underhill
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