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For the 100th anniversary of the publication of the epic poem Kalevala, Finland issued three stamps in 1935 which shows on the 2,00 M stamp a type of Viking ship in which the hero of the epos Väinämöinen escaped with the “sampo”, made by the blacksmith Ilmarinen.
When the Goddess Louhi finds out that the “sampo” was stolen, she changed in an eagle, took her warriors on her back and landed on the boat of Väinämöinen (as seen on stamp), where after a battle started in which the boat sank, which took with her the “sampo”.
Plenty more on this poem you can find on the internet,

Encyclopaedia Britannica gives:
Kalevala, Finnish national epic compiled from old Finnish ballads, lyrical songs, and incantations that were a part of Finnish oral tradition.
The Kalevala was compiled by Elias Lönnrot, who published the folk material in two editions (32 cantos, 1835; enlarged into 50 cantos, 1849). Kalevala, the dwelling place of the poem’s chief characters, is a poetic name for Finland, meaning “land of heroes.” The leader of the “sons of Kaleva” is the old and wise Väinämöinen, a powerful seer with supernatural origins, who is a master of the kantele, the Finnish harplike stringed instrument. Other characters include the skilled smith Ilmarinen, one of those who forged the “lids of heaven” when the world was created; Lemminkäinen, the carefree adventurer-warrior and charmer of women; Louhi, the female ruler of Pohjola, a powerful land in the north; and the tragic hero Kullervo, who is forced by fate to be a slave from childhood.
Among the main dramas of the poem are the creation of the world and the adventurous journeys of Väinämöinen, Ilmarinen, and Lemminkäinen to Pohjola to woo the beautiful daughter of Louhi, during which the miraculous sampo, a mill that produces salt, meal, and gold and is a talisman of happiness and prosperity, is forged and recovered for the people of Kalevala. Although the Kalevala depicts the conditions and ideas of the pre-Christian period, the last canto seems to predict the decline of paganism: the maid Marjatta gives birth to a son who is baptized king of Karelia, and the pagan Väinämöinen makes way for him, departing from Finland without his kantele and songs.
The Kalevala is written in unrhymed octosyllabic trochees and dactyls (the Kalevala metre) and its style is characterized by alliteration, parallelism, and repetition. Besides fostering the Finnish national spirit, the poem has been translated into at least 20 languages; it has inspired many outstanding works of art, e.g., the paintings of Akseli Gallen-Kallela and the musical compositions of Jean Sibelius. The epic style and metre of the poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow also reflect the influence of the Kalevala.

Finland 1935 2.00M sg 307, scott 208. The painting shows the landing of Louhi on the boat, painting is made by Aksell Gallen Kallela.

Haukur 1973

Haukur was built in Reykjavík in 1973, thus being a youngster for a wooden boat. In the beginning she was designed as a fishing boat but due to the shipbuilder’s respect and enthusiasm for old sail boats the hull shape was rather unusual and in fact with a resemblance to the old shark and fishing schooners that were common around Iceland in the 19th century. When North Sailing bought the boat in 1996 it was soon clear that the boat would be a great sailing vessel and after serving 5 summers as an ordinary whale watching vessel the boat was transformed to a two mast schooner in the shipyard of Húsavík.

Phoenix 1929

The Phoenix is a ship built by Hjorne & Jakobsen at Frederikshavn, Denmark in 1929, originally as an Evangelical Mission Schooner.
Length: 112ft Beam21.9ft Draught 8.5ft. Propulsion 12 sails, 235 h.p. Volvo. Crew of 10

Missionary and cargo ship
Twenty years later she retired from missionary work and carried cargo until her engine room was damaged by fire. In 1974 she was bought by new owners who converted her into a Brigantine before being purchased by Square Sail in 1988. A first aid over-haul enabled her to sail back to the UK where she underwent a complete refit.
Appearances in films
Caravel Santa Maria
During 1991 she was converted to the 15th century Caravel Santa Maria for Ridley Scott's film 1492: Conquest of Paradise. The ship was known as Santa Maria until, in 1996, due to increasing demand for period square-riggers, she was converted into a 2 masted Brig and reverted to her original name Phoenix of Dell Quay.
Hornblower Series 3
Phoenix of Dell Quay was used as the ship Retribution in the Hornblower Series 3.


Spirit of New Zealand 1986

The tall ship Spirit of New Zealand is a steel-hulled, three-masted barquentine from Auckland, New Zealand. It was purpose-built by the Spirit of Adventure Trust in 1986 for youth development. It is 42.5 m in total length and carries a maximum of 40 trainees and 13 crew on overnight voyages. The ship's home port is Auckland, and it spends most of its time sailing around the Hauraki Gulf. During the summer season, it often sails to the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson, at the top of the South Island.
The spirit of the project was derived from the sail training operations of the schooners "Sir Winston Churchill" and "Malcolm Miller" which were built for the organisation formerly known as the Sail Training Association ( STA) ... ur-history
The ship is used for a year-round programme of youth development, consisting primarily of 10-day individual voyages for 15- to 19-year-olds and 5-day Spirit Trophy voyages for teams of 10 Year 10 students. Once a year an Inspiration voyage for trainees with physical disabilities is run, as well as board of trustees and Navy training voyages. In addition, adult day, weekend and coastal voyages are offered to paying members of the public. The ship is usually in dry-dock for refit in November and does not sail on Christmas Day.
The Spirit of New Zealand is a barquentine-rigged three-masted steel hull 33.3 m (109 ft) long, with an overall length of 45.2 m (148 ft) including the bowsprit, and a maximum width of 9.1 m (29.9 ft). She has a draft of about 4 m (13 ft) and a displacement of 286 tons. Under power, the Spirit of New Zealand can reach a top speed of 10 knots, and 14 knots under sail. A new engine installed in late 2010 is expected to increase the vessel's maximum speed.
The three steel masts are 28.7, 31.3, and 28.0 metres high and carry 14 sails totalling 724.3m² (7,965 ft²). There are 3 jibs and 4 square sails on the foremast. The main and mizzen masts are gaff rigged, and both can carry a gaff-topsail. In addition, there are 3 staysails on the main mast.
The hull is painted black with the ship's name and the Trust's website painted in white at the bow and across the stern. In addition, a large silver fern is painted on either side of the bow beneath the name. A stainless steel rubbing strake runs the length of the vessel and circular port holes are visible above the waterline. A wooden rail runs around the edge of the entire deck.
The standard crew of the Spirit of New Zealand has varied during her lifetime, but in 2010 consisted of 1 master, 3 mates, 1 cook, 1 engineer, 2 cadets, 3 volunteer watch assistants, 2 leading hands and 40 trainees. For day sail voyages, the ship is registered to carry significantly more passengers. The trainees are normally split 20 male and 20 female, and sleep in separate accommodation. A change to the male accommodation was made so that 6 of the bunks could be separated from the remainder, allowing voyages to sail with 26 females and 14 males. This change was made in response to frequently higher female applicants than male applicants.

Allahabad is a city on 3 rivers.

Allahabad is a city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, situated at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers.The name is derived from the one given to the city by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1583. The name in Indian languages generally is Ilahabad. The ancient name of the city is Prayāga (Sanskrit for "place of sacrifice") and is believed to be the spot where Brahma offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. It is one of four sites of the Kumbh Mela, the others being Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. It has a position of importance in the Hindu religion and mythology since it is situated at the confluence of the holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna, and Hindu belief says that the invisible Sarasvati River joins here also. A city of many dimensions is what befits a description of Allahabad. In addition to being a major pilgrimage centre, the city has played an important part in the formation of modern India. Hindu mythology states that Lord Brahma, the creator god, chose a land for 'Prakrishta Yajna'. This land, at the confluence of three holy rivers - Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati, blessed by gods, came to be known as 'Prayag' or 'Allahabad'. Foreseeing the sanctity of the place, Lord Brahma also called it as 'Tirth Raj' or 'King of all pilgrimage centres.' The Scriptures - Vedas and the great epics - Ramayana and Mahabharata, refer to this place as Prayag. Centuries followed. Allahabad became the headquarters of North Western Provinces, after being shifted from Agra. Well preserved relics of the British impact includes the Muir College and the All Saints Cathedral. Many important events in India's struggle for freedom, took place here - the emergence of the first Indian National Congress in 1885, the beginning of Mahatma Gandhi's non-violence movement in 1920. This confluence of history, culture and religion makes Allahabad, a unique city.
India 2011;500,500; Source:

Baltic Beauty 1926

Baltic Beauty is a two-masted small brigantine sailing ship. The steel hulled boat has wooden superstructure and has a sail area of around 452 square metres. Facilities on the ship include a large kitchen, bar, two toilets with shower and a sauna. The ship can accommodate 20 passengers on multi-day trips, and 58 passengers on day trips. she is now based in home port of Ronneby, Sweden.

Baltic Beauty was built in 1926 in the Netherlands. The ship has undergone a few name changes and was formerly known as was formerly Hans Ii, Sven Wilhelm and then Dominique Fredion. The ship was refurbished in 1989.

The ship has sleeping accommodation for 20

Ship Summary
Built by: Capello NV, Zwartsluis, the Netherlands
Date Completed: 1926
Gross Tonnage: 68
Length: 40 m (overall length)
Width: 5 m
Passengers: 20
Crew: 5

Central African Republic

Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

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Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby shipstamps » Tue Sep 09, 2008 3:36 pm

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On 26 August 1768 Lieutenant James Cook headed His Majesty's barque Endeavour, a converted Whitby collier crammed with 94 sailors and scientists, out of Portsmouth harbour. The purpose of Cook's voyage to the South Seas was to observe the transit of Venus from the vantage point of Tahiti and then to search the uncharted seas of the south Pacific for the undiscovered, and mythical, 'great south land'. Cook had many advantages that his predecessors had lacked. The British had discovered how to ward off scurvy, which had caused the painful deaths of so many long distance sailors. He was also equipped with a newly developed and highly accurate chronometer which allowed him to know with precision the longitudinal position of his ship.
After spending three and a half months in Tahiti, Cook sailed in search of the great south land. Despite venturing as far as 40 degrees south, where the seas tested the temper of the sailors and the sturdiness of the Endeavour, Cook failed to find it and turned towards the coast of New Zealand where he spent six months charting the coastline. He then headed for the replenishment port of Batavia in the Dutch East Indies by way of the east coast of New Holland. After sighting the south-east corner of New Holland, Cook sailed north along the coast searching for a suitable place to land to collect fresh water and wood. After two days he chanced upon a "Bay which appear'd to be tolerably well shelter'd from all winds". Cook's experience on the shores of' this bay, which he named Botany Bay because of its "great quantity of New Plants", provided such a stark contrast to the experience of Dampier that it convinced a later English government to establish a settlement there.

Further information:
ENDEAVOUR (50c) Captain James Cook's first voyage to New Zealand was made in the ENDEAVOUR. He sailed from England in August 1768 and his first landfall in 1769 was Poverty Bay on the east coast of the North Island.
The ship was a typical East Coast Collier, square rigged on all three masts with a spanker sail. It was bought by the British Navy specifically for the Cook voyage, accomodation was installed for the scientific party.
She was not a fast ship - her fastest speed was 8 knots running with the wind - but she had the advantage of being careened and beached easily for repairs; a most necessary feature for ships making such long voyages.
After the historic Cook voyage to New Zealand she was refitted and made four voyages to the Falkland Islands before being sold by the British Navy in 1775.
Log Book April 1990
New Zealand SG1542

Australia SG1511, 459-63,464 St Helena SG769, Tuvalu SG833, South Africa SG1114
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764

Postby john sefton » Wed Jun 03, 2009 6:09 pm

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Built 1764 by Fishburn, Whitby.
Six guns.
Dim 97'8"x81'x11'4".
Men 85. Guns 6x6pdr also 8 (later 4) x1/2pdr swivels.
Purchased 29.3.1768 (from Thos Milner for £2,212.15.6 for hull, + £56.17.10 for masts and spars). Reg 5.4.1768. Fitted at Deptford (for£5,394.15.4)1.4-20.7.1768.
Commissioned May 1768 under Lieut. James cook (-1771; sailed on his first voyage 26.7.1768; returned 12.6.1771 and paid off Aug 1771. Refitted at Deptford (for £2,615.0.8)7-10.1771.
Recommissioned Aug1771 under James Gordon (-1774); sailed for Falklands Is 8.11.1771. Refitted at Deptford (for £1,248.10.2)9-11.1772; sailed for North America 3.12.1772. Paid off Sept 1773.
Fitted as Store Ship (under AO22.11.1773) at Deptford (for £1,495.6.11)11-12.1773; recommissioned Nov 1773 (still under Gordon); sailed for North America 29.1.1774; paid off Oct 1774. Soldat Woolwich (for £645) 7.3.1775.
British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714-1792 by Rif Winfield
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Arturo » Sat Nov 22, 2014 8:43 pm

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HMS Endeavour

Samoa I Sisifo 1970, S.G.?, Scott: 332.
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Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Arturo » Tue Apr 21, 2015 8:11 pm

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Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Gilbert Islands 1979, S.G.?, Scott: 321.
Posts: 723
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue May 24, 2016 1:44 am

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Republic Democratic du Congo ? 25FC sg?, scott? (Fake or stamp??)
Australia 2001 $1.50 sg?, scott?
Sweden 2001 8kr sg?, scott?
French Polynesia 1968 60f sg?, scott?
New Zealand 1906 3d sg372, scott? by this stamp is given: The dual colour three penny stamp depicts the landing of Captain Cook. on his first voyage to New Zealand; at Poverty Bay on the east coast of the North Island on the 7th of October 1769. This first meeting led to the deaths of six local Maori during skirmishes with the crew, due to a misinterpretation of the traditional Maori challenge. Cook was unable to gain many of the provisions he and his crew needed at the bay, and for this reason gave it its name.
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Fri May 18, 2018 11:30 pm, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Anatol » Tue Mar 14, 2017 7:27 pm

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Endeavour HMS 1764
Djibouti 2015;1200f.
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Nov 24, 2017 6:57 pm

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The stamp shows us Captain Cook in Australia with in the background HMS ENDEAVOUR during the flag hoisting, when Cook claims the country for Great Britain.

This is an engraving by Samuel Calvert of an oil painting which was exhibited at the 1866─1867 Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition. The original painting, made by John Alexander Gilfillan once in the collection of the Royal Society of Victoria, is now lost. The Union Flag depicted in the illustration is an anachronism. It is a flag used after the union with Ireland in 1801, not the flag of 1770. Also, the ceremony being recorded actually took place on Possession Island; the artist seems to have erroneously depicted the scene at Botany Bay

Wikipedia give for this landing:
During his first voyage of discovery, British explorer, then Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia, landing at Botany Bay. Reaching the tip of Queensland, he named and landed on Possession Island, just before sunset on 22 August 1770, and declared the coast British territory in the name of King George III. Cook wrote in his journal: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern the name New South Wales, together with all the Bays, Harbours Rivers and Islands situate upon the said coast."

Wikipedia gives for Botany Bay:
Lieutenant James Cook first landed at Kurnell, on the southern banks of Botany Bay, on Sunday 29 April 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, HMS ENDEAVOUR. Cook's landing marked the beginning of Britain's interest in Australia and in the eventual colonisation of this new ‘southern continent’. Initially the name Sting Ray Harbour was used by Cook and other journal keepers on his expedition, for the stingrays they caught. That name was also recorded on an Admiralty chart. Cook's log for 6 May 1770 records "The great quantity of these sort of fish found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Stingrays Harbour". However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead: (sic) "The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay"

Source Internet.
Jersey 1984 31p sg349, scott?
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Tue Apr 03, 2018 6:43 pm

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New Caledonia 1974, 20 Fr. St.G.539
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