PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

Abtao (submarine)

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Abtao (submarine)

Postby shipstamps » Fri Sep 05, 2008 6:44 am

Click image to view full size
Built as a submarine by Electric Boat Division, General Dynamics Corporation, Groton, Conn. USA for the Navy of Peru.
02 July 1951 ordered.
12 May 1952 keel laid down.
27 October 1953 launched under the name TIBURON (Shark) one of the Lobo class of which four were built.
Displacement: 825 tons surface, 1.400 tons submerged. Dim. 74.1 x 6.7 x 4.2m. (draught).
Powered by two General Motor Corp.278 diesels, 2.400hp., twin screws, speed surface 16 knots, dived 10 knots on her electro engines.
Range 5000 mile by 10 knots. Armament: Four – 21 inch torpedo tubes forward and two aft. One 5 inch gun.
Crew 40.
20 February 1954 commissioned.
Her design is based on the American Sierra type submarine.
April 1957 her name changed to BAP ABTOA (S42), in memory of the naval battle of 07 February 1866 fought between the Spanish and Peruvian/Chilean naval squadrons. The Peruvians under Capt. Manuel Villar were victorious. Her motto was “Silence and assistance” in both times of peace and war.
During her time in the navy she completed over 5000 dives.
1965 Got a refit and was modernized by her builder in Groton.
26 August 1988 she assisted in the rescue of the crew of the submarine BAP PACOCHA that sank after a collision with the Japanese fishing vessel Kyoua Maru No 8 off Callao, eight men of a crew of 52 were lost. 1998 Decommissioned.
2004 She became a floating museum at the Peruvian Naval Museum, Callao under the name BAP ABTAO with pennant No. SS2. SG1642

Auke Palmhof
Sources: Marine News. Navicula.
Site Admin
Posts: 0
Joined: Fri Mar 13, 2009 8:12 pm

Return to Ship Stamps Collection

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: aukepalmhof, Google [Bot] and 39 guests