PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penteconter
Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689
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Accra 1947

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Accra 1947

Postby shipstamps » Thu Sep 04, 2008 6:20 pm

833b.jpg
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Accra. Elder Dempster Lines..jpeg
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She was ordered in 1945 together with the APAPA, in order to re-introduce a 3-weekly service between Liverpool and Lagos.
Built as a cargo-passenger vessel under yard no 948 by Vickers Armstrong Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness for the Elder Dempster Lines, Liverpool.
25 Feb. 1947 launched under the name ACCRA.
Tonnage 11.600 gross, 6.448 net, 7.110 dwt., dim. 143.56 x 20.17 x 9.68m., between pp. 138.05m. Powered by two 4 cyl. Doxford 2S.SA. 4.700 bhp. each, manufactured by shipbuilder. Twin screw, speed 16 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 259 first, 24 second and 145 intercoastal (deck passengers). Sept. 1947 delivered to owners. Building cost £900.000.
Cargo capacity 278.000 cubic feet.
24 Sept. 1947, sailed for her maiden voyage from Liverpool, at that time her hull was painted black with red boot topping, as seen on stamp.
06 Nov. 1949, due to a broken crankshaft she came into Liverpool, on one engine, fife days late. Repaired by the shipbuilder. During the repair her hull was painted gray with green boot topping.
11 October 1956 she rescued the 77 crew of the 8.472 ton Spanish tanker BAILEN when their ship caught fire off the Canary Islands.
1960 Air-conditioning installed in passenger accommodation.
08 Nov. 1967 sold, after only twenty years old, passenger service was becoming unprofitable, due to air competition; making 171 voyages carried 100.000 passengers and 760.000 ton of cargo, she sailed under command of Capt. L.L.James from Liverpool on 13 Nov. for the last time for the breakers yard in Spain.
13 Nov. arrived at Cartagena, and was scrapped by J.Navarro Frances. SG833B
Auke Palmhof
Sources: Great Passenger Ships of the World, Volume 4, by Arnold Kludas. Elder Dempster Lines by Duncan Haws.
Sierra Leone SG833b
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