PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

Roger de Lauria

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Roger de Lauria

Postby shipstamps » Thu Sep 04, 2008 6:08 pm

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The 5pts stamp issued in Spain on 25 May 1979 to commemorate the “Day of the Armed Forces” is a composition from an officer of the Spanish Navy an skilled draftsman that shows an armoured car AMX-30 of French origin but made under license in a factory in Seville; The French interceptor plane Dassault Mirage III in the service of the Spain Air Force and the destroyer of the Oquendo Class with the pennant No D42, which belongs to the ROGER DE LAURIA.
The design of the stamp is taken from a photograph of the ship reproduced in the book “La Armada Espanola.
Built as a destroyer by Bazan in El Ferrol for the Spanish Navy.
04 September 1951 keel laid down. 12 November 1958 launched under the name ROGER DE LAURIA (D42) one of the Oquendo Class. She was named after Admiral Roger de Lauria of the 13th Century who served the Kingdom of Aragon and Catalonia and defeated the French fleet of Charles d’Anjou near Malta.
Displacement 3.004 tons standard. Dim. 116.5 x 11 x 5m. (draught)Powered by two Rateau-Bretagne geared turbines, 60.000 shp., twin shafts, speed 32.5 knots.
Shortly after launching the building was halted due to the great technical complexity of the power plant, and the limited capacity of the Spanish shipbuilding industry at that time which led to one of the biggest fiascos of the Spanish Navy in the 20th century. And the building project would be difficult to implement. The intention was to build 9 ships in this class, six were cancelled.
After a long time it was decided to radically change the two last ships after new building plans were made.
The two under which the ROGER DE LAURIA were towed to the Empresa Nacional Bazan shipyard in Cartagena for modifications.
In Cartagena she were cutting her hull longitudinally with the purpose to given her a larger beam.
29 August 1967 again launched.
Displacement, 3.370 tons standard, 3.780 tons full load. Dim. 116.5 x 13 x 5.8m. (draught). Same power-plant, but speed was reduced to 31 knots.Range; by a speed of 15 knots, 4.500 mile.
Armament : 6 – 5inch guns. 2 triple 12.75 inch for Mark 32 torpedoes and 2 - 21inch torpedo tubes.
Helicopter deck fitted and a hangar for SAW Hughes 500 M helicopter. Crew 318.
May 1969 completed and delivered to the Spanish Navy.
The intention was that the ROGER DE LAURIA would join the 11th Escort Squadron at Ferrol, but if she ever has been there? Most of the time the class was out of service.
1982 Already decommissioned, and thereafter scrapped. SG2573

Auke Palmhof
Source: Navicula. Watercraft Philately 26 pag. 32 and 27 page 21,24.
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