PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

Champlain USCG

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Champlain USCG

Postby shipstamps » Thu Sep 04, 2008 10:43 am

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Built by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy Ma. For the US Coast Guard. 11 October 1928 launched under the name USCG CHAMPLAIN (CGC-47)., named after a lake located between New York and Vermont. She was one of the Lake Class of which 10 were built.
Displacement 1.546/1.983 tons, dim. 250 x 42 x 12.11ft. (draught), length bpp 236ft. One General Electric turbo-electric engine, 3.350 shp, one propeller, speed 14.8 knots cruising, 17.5 knots full speed.
Armament 1 – 5inch, 1 – 3 inch, 2 – 6pdrs. in 1929. Crew 97.Building cost 1.800.000 US dollar.
24 January 1929 commissioned. After she was commissioned she was based in New York.
24 January 1935 at 09.28pm while she was standing off the New Jersey coast in a position about 11 miles ENE of Cape May, New Jersey, she received a message that the Norwegian freighter TALISMAN was in collision with the US steamer MOHAWK in a position about 4 miles off Sea Girt, New Jersey.
Headed at full speed to the position given and informed the reefer SS LIMON which was standing by that she would arrive at 02.00am. The MOHAWK a hole was torn in her side, and it was at once apparent that she would sink; Capt. Wood tried to beach the vessel but the engine room flooded and the attempt failed. It was a bitterly cold day, and great difficulty was experienced in getting the lifeboats out, as the davits were thick with ice. At 10.14pm the MOHAWK reportedly had her starboard boats in the water, and that the vessel was on her side. The MOHAWK was underway from New York and had on board 107 crew and 54 passengers. The survivors were picked up by the LIMON and the Coast Guard cutter ALGONQUIN.
After the CHAMPLAIN arrived on the scene on 1.48am of the 25 January she took on board the 22 survivors from the LIMON, she left the scene at 04.12am, heading for New York, leaving the Coast Guard cutter ICARUS to search for more survivors. The ALGONQUIN picked up 37 passengers and 47 crew. Total lost 55 people.
During the 1920s and ‘30s she visited Barbados several times.
05 April 1941 President Roosevelt authorized that the 10 Lake Class Coast Guard cutters would be transferred to the United Kingdom on the Lend-Lease base.
12 May 1941 handed over to the Royal Navy at the Navy Yard at Brooklyn, NY. And renamed HMS SENNEN (Y21). A sloop of war one of the Banff Class. She joined the 1st Support Group
19 May together with the HMS JED she sank the German submarine U-954 by depth charges in the North Atlantic in a position South East of Cape Farewell, Greenland (54 54N 34 19W).
27 March 1946 returned to the United States, and renamed CHAMPAIGN, not again commissioned in the Coast Guard.
25 March 1948 sold.

Source: Barbados Philatelic Bureau. Watercraft Philately. Auke Palmhof
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