PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

A.E.S. (1976)

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A.E.S. (1976)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Sep 03, 2008 6:18 pm

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Built under yard No. 367 as a cargo vessel by Frederikshavn Værft A/S, Frederikshavn, Denmark, for Rederiet A.E. Sørensen A/S, Svendborg, Denmark.
15 June1976 launched under the name A.E.S. (II)
Tonnage 499 gross, 325 net, 1,290 dwt., dim. 76.61 x 12.27 x 6.51m., draught 3.40m.
Powered by an 8-cyl. diesel, 1,200 bhp., speed 12 knots. Ice strengthened.
19 September 1976 completed.
After delivery, chartered by Darwin Shipping Ltd., managed by Jeppesson Heaton.
Made four round trips every year from Gravesend, England to the Falkland Islands, when in charter.
1986 Sold to P/P Bangsbo, and then to P/R A.E.S. all Denmark, name unchanged.
1992 Sold by Bangsbo Co. Ltd., Bahamas to Afrimar Shipping Ltd. Bahamas, renamed SECIL LULO.
1994 Sold to Xiu Zhen Shipping (Pte) Ltd., Singapore, renamed IARKO.
1999 Sold to unspecified owners in China and renamed JIN JIANG SHAN. on 12 May 2003, as being owned by Dandong Jinjiang Shipping at Dandong, China keeping the same name.
2007 Sold to Shipping & Trading, North Korea and renamed HWANG CHOL 1.
2008 Still trading.

Marine News 1986/639. 1992/736. 1994/495. Navicula. Register of Merchant Ships completed in 1976.
Auke Palmhof

Falkland Is SG565
Last edited by Anonymous on Thu Dec 10, 2009 8:25 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: Improvement in wording
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