PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689

Doric (Cunard Line)

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Doric (Cunard Line)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Sep 03, 2008 4:19 pm

3472 Doric.jpg
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Builder: Harland & Wolff Ltd, Belfast, Ireland. Completed: May 1923.
Gross tonnage: 16484.
Dinnnsions: 601 ft x 68ft. Depth 4l ft.
Engines: Four steam turbines single-reduction geared.
Screws: Twin.
Decks : Four.
Normal speed:16 knots.
Passenger accommodation:600 cabin, and 1700 third class.
Built for the White Star Line and passed under Cunard Line ownership when the two companies consolidated on May 10, 1934. Used solely for cruising while under Cunard-White Star owner­ship. She was damaged in a collision with the Compagnie des Transport's Formigny off Cape Finisterre, Portugal, on September 5, 1935, but was able to make the port of Vigo, Spain, for temporary repairs.
Upon arrival at home it was decided that she be sold for scrap since no real use could be found for her. She was the only turbine-driven liner ever built for the White Star Line and was a very handsomely plain ship. Sold to John Cashmore, shipbreakers, at Newport, Wales, and left Tilbury dock, London, on October 7, 1935, for the yards.

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