SKATE USS (SSN-578)

Built as a nuclear submarine under yard no 147 by Electric Boat Co, Groton for the USA Navy.
18 July 1955 ordered.
21 July 1955 laid down.
16 May 1957 launched as the USS SKATE (SSN-578)
Displacement 2,590 ton surfaced, 2,894 ton submerged, dim. 81.56 x 7.6 m,
Powered by S3W nuclear reactor, geared steam turbines, two shafts, 6,600 shp (4,900 kW)., twin shafts, speed 15.5 knots surfaced, 18 knots submerged.
Armament: 8 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 6 forward and 2 aft.
Crew 84.
23 December 1957 commissioned.

USS SKATE (SSN-578), the third submarine of the United States Navy named for the SKATE, a type of ray, was the lead ship of the Skate class of nuclear submarines. She was the third nuclear submarine commissioned, the first to make a completely submerged trans-Atlantic crossing, and the second submarine to reach the North Pole and the first to surface there.

The contract to build her was awarded to the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics on 18 July 1955, and her keel was laid in Groton, Connecticut on 21 July 1955. She was launched on 16 May 1957 sponsored by Mrs. Lewis L. Strauss, and commissioned on 23 December 1957 with Commander James F. Calvert in command.

Operational history
SKATE conducted shakedown training out of New London, Connecticut until 29 January 1958, when she cruised to the Bermuda operating area, then returned to her home port on 8 February. Sixteen days later, the nuclear powered submarine set a course for the Isle of Portland, England. Before returning home, she had also visited ports in France and the Netherlands.
On 30 July, SKATE sought the Arctic where she operated under the ice for 10 days. During this time, she surfaced nine times through the ice, navigated over 2,400 miles (3,900 km) under it, and on 11 August, 9:47 pm EDT (the week after USS NAUTILUS ) became the second sea ship to reach the North Pole. SKATE was unable to surface precisely at the Pole on the August voyage due to dangerous ice conditions as noted in the captain's 1960 book, Surface at the Pole: The Extraordinary Voyages of the USS SKATE, where Calvert said, "Seldom had the ice seemed so heavy and so thick as it did in the immediate vicinity of the pole. For days we had searched in vain for a suitable opening to surface in." The closest was to make radio contact at the surface from a polynya around 30 nm away, but not to surface fully owing to the risk of damage from ice. SKATE did manage to surface and make contact with Drifting Ice Station Alpha at 85ºN, 300 nm away.
After being denied access to visit Copenhagen in Denmark, she sailed into Bergen, Norway on 23 August. There she was inspected by king Olav V of Norway, US ambassador Frances E. Willis and minister of defence Nils Handal. The submarine made port calls in the Netherlands, Belgium, and France before returning to New London on 25 September 1958. In recognition of the dangerous and historic feat, the SKATE and its crew was given the Navy Unit Commendation award for "... braving the hazards of the polar ice pack...."
While the SKATE was unable to surface on its first voyage to the pole, on 17 March 1959, she became the first submarine to surface at the North Pole with Calvert describing the historic moment in his book, saying, "Slowly we blew the tanks and the SKATE moved reluctantly upward. It was apparent we were under heavier ice here than any we had experienced before." While at the pole, Calvert and the crew planted an American Flag in a cairn they built out of ice blocks and put a waterproof container in the cairn with a note commemorating the event. The crew also held a ceremony for the late Arctic explorer Sir Hubert Wilkins and committed his ashes at the pole. In 1931, Sir Hubert had conducted an Arctic expedition in the disarmed research submarine NAUTILUS (ex-USS O-12). After reaching the Pole, the SKATE continued its mission to pioneer arctic operations during periods of extreme cold and maximum ice thickness. When the submarine returned to port, she was awarded a bronze star in lieu of a second Navy Unit Commendation for demonstrating "... for the first time the ability of submarines to operate in and under the Arctic ice in the dead of winter...." In the fall of 1959 and in 1960, SKATE participated in exercises designed to strengthen American antisubmarine defenses.

SKATE returned to General Dynamics in January 1961 for a regular overhaul and to have her reactor refueled for the first time. She put to sea in August and, for the next 11 months, conducted exercises to increase the operational readiness of her crew.
On 7 July 1962, SKATE again set course towards the North Pole. Five days later, USS SEADRAGON , did likewise from Pearl Harbor. The two submarines made their rendezvous on 31 July. After meeting, they operated together for over a week. Both submarines surfaced at the North Pole on 2 August and official greetings and insignia of Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet and Submarine Force Pacific Fleet were exchanged.
SKATE returned to New London and performed fleet and local operations for the next several years. She entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on 28 April 1965, the first nuclear submarine overhauled there, for nuclear refueling and installation of the SUBSAFE package. SKATE was the first submarine to finish this major conversion program, which was instituted after the loss of USS THRESHER in 1963. The process was not completed until September 1967.

After sea trials and a shakedown cruise in the Caribbean, the submarine returned to New London and participated in exercises involved in the development of new undersea tactics and equipment.
In October 1968, SKATE was deployed to the Mediterranean where she operated with the Sixth Fleet for two months. The polar veteran operated under the Arctic ice again in March and April 1969, in October 1970, and in February 1971 . The remainder of her at sea time was spent in various Atlantic Fleet and NATO exercises. In July 1971, she began her third regular overhaul at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard and did not return to New London until 17 November 1973. In August 1974, SKATE operated as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet.

In late 1977, SKATE transferred to Pearl Harbor, where she joined the other three SKATE class submarines as a member of Submarine Squadron 7.

Decommissioning
SKATE was decommissioned on 12 September 1986, stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 October 1986, and disposed of by submarine recycling at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 6 March 1995.

Awards
SKATE received two Navy Unit Commendations and three Meritorious Unit Commendations during her career. The first Navy Unit Commendation was for the period 9–12 August 1958 and the second for the period 4 March through 6 April 1959. The Meritorious Unit Commendations were for the periods 24 March through 15 April 1969, 12 October through 18 November 1970 and 26 February through 9 March 1971. (Source – US Navy Unit Awards Webpage.)

Popular culture
SKATE appears in Tom Clancy's 1993 novel Without Remorse.
SKATE appears in the 1961 film, Parrish as the submarine upon which the title character is stationed.
The 1978 disaster film Gray Lady Down features a fictional SKATE-class submarine USS NEPTUNE.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_SKATE_(SSN-578)
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Maud

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Maud

Postby shipstamps » Thu Aug 28, 2008 3:32 pm


Click image to view full size
She was built in 1917 for Amundsen, by Chr. Jensen, at Asker, near Oslo. The Hudson's Bay Company bought her in 1926, renaming her Baymaud, and using her as a permanent store and repair ship at Cambridge Bay, Victoria Island. She became a total loss in 1930, sinking at her berth after she had developed a bad leak. This wooden, screw, schooner had a gross tonnage of 392 tons, net 292, her length being 107ft. tin beam 41ft. and depth 15ft. 9in. She had two decks. Port of registry was Christiania, and her captain Roald Amundsen, served in the Norwegian Naval Air Service in the First World War. From that time it would appear he favoured aerial navigation for exploration. It was not until 1918 that he took any further part in exploration, in which year he bought the Maud, with the idea of' drifting across the Pole. He navigated the North-East Passage, but early in 1919 his engine broke down and he was compelled to land in Alaska. Two years later he tried to reach the Pole in an aircraft from the Maud, but without success. In 1928, Amundsen lost his life in a seaplane while attempting to rescue his old companion, Nobile, in the Arctic. SG690
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Re: Maud

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Jun 07, 2013 8:18 pm

Amundsen_Maud_1998-06-28.jpg
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Maud (ship).jpg
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Maud1.jpg
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Maud2.jpg
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2011 Togo Maud.JPG
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The photo let see the wreck in the ice:


Amundsen's ship to be towed home

The Maud will be supported on a large barge and towed 7,000 kilometers
across the Atlantic Ocean. More than 80 years she sank off the northern coast of Canada, a ship designed and sailed by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen will start its
journey home next year.
By Andrea Hill Barents Observer
June 05, 2013
Jan Wanggaard, who is spearheading efforts to return the Maud to Norway,
says his crew is excited to head to Cambridge Bay in Nunavut to raise the
ship from the ocean floor, lift her onto a barge and tow her 7,000
kilometers across the Atlantic Ocean to Vollen where she will live out the
rest of her days in a museum.
"We want to take care of the ship in the best possible way in respect of its
history," Wanggaard says.
He initially planned to lift the ship from the seabed this summer, but says
timelines have recently been pushed back a year because he hasn't been able
to get his tugboat inspected by the Norwegian shipping authorities yet.
Since Cambridge Bay is locked in ice 10 months of the year, Wanggaard says
his crew has to leave in mid-June or can't go at all.
Wanggaard's carefully planned schedule now sees his crew arriving in
northern Greenland in July 2014 where they will watch and wait for drift ice
to melt. As soon as it becomes safe to move forward, the group will sail
into Cambridge Bay, spend up to three weeks lifting and securing the boat
onto the barge and then return to Greenland where the Maud will spend the
winter. It will make the trans-Atlantic voyage to Norway during the summer
of 2015.
"We'll move slowly and securely," Wanggaard says, adding that both he and
the Tandberg Eiendom investment company financing the operation are more
concerned about being careful than being quick.
The Maud was built in Asker, Norway in 1916 for Amundsen's voyage across the
Northeast Passage to the North Pole. But the expedition ultimately failed
and the bankrupt explorer sold the vessel to the Canadian Hudson's Bay
Company. It eventually sank at harbour in 1930.
Plans for the ship's recovery took off in 2011 when Tandberg Eiendom started
the Maud Returns Home project, which is overseen by Wanggaard. Over the last
two years, Wanggaard has examined the boat at its Cambridge Bay cemetery,
obtained paperwork necessary to remove the ship from Canada and acquired the
vessels and equipment needed for the rescue operation.
Though some people have been skeptical that such an undertaking is possible,
Wanggaard says the ship, which was almost brand new when it sank, has been
well preserved in Canada's cold Arctic waters and is not as fragile as most
people tend to think.
"This ship is extremely strong and it will be no problem to lift it up and
put it on a barge and bring it home," he says.

More info is given on the ship: http://www.frammuseum.no Click on Visit the Museum and then on the Polar ship MAUD.

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Re: Maud

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Thu Sep 14, 2017 6:34 pm

maud.png
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tandberg polar.png
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Whilst on our way through the north west passage we met a ship built for Roald Amundsen for his second expedition to the Arctic. Now the MAUDE is on a Pontoon in tow of Tug TANDBERG POLAR.
Photo : Eckart Redlich Hotel Manager MV Ocean Endeavour
Source http://www.maasmondmaritime.com 07-09-2017
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Re: Maud

Postby john sefton » Mon Nov 26, 2018 5:51 pm

Maud.jpg
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Norway stamp.
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Re: Maud

Postby Anatol » Sat Mar 09, 2019 1:08 pm

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img254.jpg
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Stamps issued to the 90th Memorial anniversary of Roald Amudson.
Niger 2018.800F. Guinea-Bissau 2018;640FCFA. Djibouti 2018;240FD.
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