PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penteconter
Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689
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Lady McLeod

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Lady McLeod

Postby shipstamps » Tue Jul 08, 2008 5:47 pm


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To commemorate the 125th anniversary of Trinidad's first adhesive stamp, known to all philatelists as the Lady McLeod, the Post Office of Trinidad and Tobago has issued three stamps, all depicting the first stamp issue of Trinidad. It was a shipping company's stamp, and the Lady McLeod was put into service between Port of Spain and San Fernando. In November, 1846, the ship was sold to David Bryce, who announced on April 16, 1847, that letters must be prepaid by stamps, which were issued on April 24, 1847 at 5 cents each or $4 a hundred. Ernest Argyle gave the full story of the early postal service in Sea Breezes (January 1950). The Lady McLeod was named after the wife of the then Governor of Trinidad, Sir Henry McLeod, and the monogram at the foot of the stamp is confirmation of the identity of the ship. Her details were as follows: built at Govan, by Robert Napier, September 1845. One deck, square stern. Clencher built of iron. Woman's bust figurehead. Paddle-wheeler. Dimensions: 109 ft. 2 in. x 13 ft. 5 in. x 6 ft. 2 in. Engine-room 19 ft. 8 in. Tonnage: total 67. The ship was broken up in 1854. SG413/5
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