PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penteconter
Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689
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Adler SMS

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Adler SMS

Postby shipstamps » Sat Jul 05, 2008 5:21 pm

SG341.jpg
SG341
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Scan 223.jpg
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S.M.S. Adler, a gun vessel, was launched in 1883, and cost £44,047. She had a displacement of 884 tons, was 177 ft. 2 ins, in length with a 32 ft. 10 in. beam, her draft being 11 ft. 6 in. With a composite built hull and a single screw, her armament consisted of two 15 cm. 31/2-ton breech-loading rifled guns and two 12 cm. 27 cwt. similar type guns. Engines of 724 i.h.p. gave her a speed of 11 knots. The 5 sene stamp shows her lying on the reef after the typhoon.
Samoa SG341
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Re: Adler SMS

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Aug 09, 2016 9:07 pm

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Built as an iron gunboat under yard No 7 by the Kaiserliche Werft at Kiel for the Imperial German Navy.
1882 Laid down.
03 November 1883 launched as the SMS ADLER (Eagle), not any sisters ships.
Displacement 880 ton standard, 1,040 full load, dim. 61.8 x 8.8 x 4.02m. (draught maximum) Length bpp. 58.1m.
Powered by a coal fired double expansion steam engine, 950 hp, speed 11.3 knots.
Range by a speed of 9 knots, 2,000 mile. Bunker capacity 110 ton coal
Barquentine rigged, sail area 847 m³.
Armament: 5 – 12.5 cm, 5 – 3.7 cm guns.
Crew 133.
27 May 1884 commissioned. Building cost 881,000 R Mark.

She was built for service in the German colonies in Africa and Pacific.
05 September 1888 she shelled Manono Island and Apolima Island, Samoa, which were strongholds of Malietoa’s forces.
16 March 1889 while at anchor in the entrance to Apia Harbour, Samoa during a cyclone which was passing the island her anchors started to drag and she was driven on the reef where she capsized.
20 Men of her crew drowned and the ship was a total loss.

More on this cyclone: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1889_Apia_cyclone

Samoa 1970 5s sg341, scott?. 1989 $3 sg845.
Source: Wikipedia.
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