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Selandia

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Selandia

Postby john sefton » Sat Apr 18, 2009 10:23 pm

SG448.jpg
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To commemorate the 50th anniversary marking the debut of the pioneer motorship Selandia, a special stamp of 60 I, A ore denomination blue in colour from a design by Rasmus
Nellemann, a well-known marine artist, was issued by the Danish Post Office on June 14th, 1962.
The Selandia, a highly successful vessel, was in many ways far ahead of her time. She was launched at the Rifshaleoen Shipyard of Burmeister and Wain, Copenhagen, in the autumn of 1911. Burmeister and Wain had begun experimenting with oil engines in 1898 and entered on production in 1904 when 10 engines were built, with outputs varying between 8 and 100 h.p.intended for stationary application. They found a ready market and production increased year by year. Marine oil engines for ocean-going vessels followed gradually.
N. B. Anderson, founder of the East Asiatic Company, who foresaw that the oil engine would revolutionise the shipping industry, strongly encouraged the shipbuilders, signing a contract with Burmeister and Wain an December 5, 1910, for the construction of the Selandia, the world's first large cargo-passenger motorship. Her trials were completed on February 15, 1912 and she was delivered to the East Asiatic Company two days later.
After the ship was taken over her owners made a number of short passages up the Sound with members of the Royal House of Denmark, diplomats, members of the Danish Parliament and other celebrities. They must have been greatly impressed with her attractive passenger accommodation all of which was located in the forward bridge structure and comprised nine cabins on the shelter deck, with two small cabins on the promenade deck, with bathrooms.
The drawing room and dining saloon were on the shelter deck, on the centre line, flanked by the cabins. From within, the dining room resembled an elegant salon of the type belonging to a large private house, with curtained windows and a large oval table in the centre. The apartment opened through an attractive entrance into the drawing room ; on the deck above was a very comfortable smoking room.
The ship's maiden voyage to Bangkok, via London, began or February 22, 1912. She made a call at None Sundby, in Jutland, to load cement and left Denmark on February 24, arriving at the West India Docks on February 2T This was specially arranged so that British marine engineers, naval architects, and Admiralty officials could view her novel machinery. Among those entertained on board were the then Mr. Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, the First Sea Lord, and the Second Sea Lord—at the time Prince Louis of Battenberg. Leaving London, the Selandia ran on the East Asiatic Company's normal service, calling at La Rochelle, Port Said, Colombo, Penang, and Singapore before going to Bangkok. On the normal service she called at Antwerp and Southampton then went to La Rochelle.
The Selandia remained in the East Asiatic Company's service until November 1936, retaining the_ original engines, when she was sold to the Norseman Steamship Company of-Panama City and renamed Norseman. After severe hull damage in 1938 she was laid-up because the repair bill was considered excessive, considering her age. In October 1940 she was bought by the Finland-Amerika Line, a subsidiary of Finska Angfartygs Aktiebolaget of Helsinki, Finland, and renamed Tornator. She went into service between Petsamo and other- Finnish- ports before being chartered to the Japanese.
Leaving Petsamo with a cargo of wood- pulp on March 7, 1941, she called-at Curacao for bunkers on April 9 and thence proceeded to Yokohama, arriving there on May 27, 1941. She then traded in Far Eastern waters until January 26, 1942, when, with a pilot on board, she ran ashore at Omaisaka, on the Japanese coast. Necessary assistance could not be obtained in time and on January 30 she became a total loss.
The Selandia was an epoch-making ship. At the time of her spectacular advent in 1912 she was herself a revolution in marine propulsion. Thirty years later at the time of her loss, the motorship had become commonplace. In 1912 it was only possible to develop 1,800 horse power on her two shafts at 140 r.p.m.; today this is less than the output of a single cylinder of Burmeister and Wain's 84-VT2BF-i 80-type engine. The Selandia was also the first cargo liner to have electric deck auxiliaries. Her main engines -were two 8-cylinder 4-cycle single-acting oil engines with sea speed between 101/2 and 11 knots. She was a shelter-deck vessel with a forecastle forward, a bridge deck arrangement of unusual type divided into two parts by a short well, and a poop. Her dimensions were 370.4ft. x 53.2ft. x 72.Ift. for a gross tonnage of 4,950, (3,163 net). Her name is perpetuated by the company's present Selandia built by Nakskov Skibsvaerft- in 1938, a considerably larger vessel, with modern refinements that were unknown to her historic predecessor.

Sea Breezes June 1962.

Denmark SG448
john sefton
 
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Re: Selandia

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Oct 07, 2013 9:34 am

tmpA6A.jpg
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2018 160th-Anniversary-of-the-Birth-of-Rudolf-Diesel. SELANDIA jpg.jpg
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Maldive Islands 1997 3r sg2685, scott2226c
Sierra Leone 2018 Le9800 sg?, scott?

In a good article on motor, ships is given on http://vulcanus.3me.tudelft.nl/resource ... landia.pdf

In this article is given that not the SELANDIA the first seagoing cargo ship was fitted with a diesel engine but the VULCANUS,
aukepalmhof
 
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