The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.

ADDIRIYAH container vessel 1979

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ADDIRIYAH container vessel 1979

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue May 26, 2009 9:03 pm

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The 65h depicts as given on the bow AL DRIEYA in Latin letters, which transcribes as ADDIRIYAH.

Built as a container vessel under yard No 113 by Hyundai Co. Ulsan, South Korea for the United Arab Shipping Co., Damman.
Launched under the name ADDIRIYAH.
Tonnage 20.526 grt., 7.849 net, 24.275 dwt, dim. 183.2 x 27.5m, length bpp. 168.8m.
Powered by one 7-cyl B&W diesel engine, 14.600bhp, speed 17.5 knots.
Can carry 1.242 TEU’s.
August 1979 completed.

Also one of the A-1 class.
2008 Still in service as a feeder vessel in the Arabia Gulf. Speed reduced to 12 knots.
IMO No. 7802249, still used by the United Arab Shipping Co.
2009 Sold to Pakistan for scrapping for 278 US$ per ton.
07 February 2009 beached at Gadani Beach, Pakistan.

Saudi Arabia 1983 65h sg1355/56, scott?

Source: Watercraft Philately 1985 page 41. Register of Merchant Ships completed in 1979.
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