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Golden Hind (Drake)

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Golden Hind (Drake)

Postby john sefton » Sun Jun 21, 2009 10:25 pm

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The Golden Hind (or Golden Hinde) was an English galleon best known for its global circumnavigation between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake. She was originally known as the Pelican, but was later renamed by Drake mid-voyage in 1577, as he prepared to enter the Strait of Magellan, calling it the Golden Hind to compliment his patron, Sir Christopher Hatton, whose armorial crest was a golden 'hind' (the heraldic term for a female deer). Hatton was one of the principal sponsors of Drake's world voyage.
In 1577 Sir Francis Drake was chosen as the leader of an expedition intended to pass around South America through the Strait of Magellan and to explore the coast that lay beyond. The expedition was personally supported by Queen Elizabeth, which suited him well - he had official approval to benefit himself and the Queen, as well as to cause the maximum damage to the Spaniards. This would eventually culminate into the Anglo–Spanish War.
Before setting sail, Drake met the Queen face-to-face for the first time and she said to him, "We would gladly be revenged on the King of Spain for divers injuries that we have received." The explicit object was to "find out places meet to have traffic."
Drake, however, devoted the voyage to piracy, without official admonishment in England.
He set sail in December with five small ships, manned by 164 men, and reached the Brazilian coast in the spring of 1578. His flagship, the Pelican, which Drake later renamed the Golden Hind, displaced only about 100 tons.
On 1 March 1579, the Golden Hind took the Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, which had the largest treasure captured to that date - over 360,000 Pesos. The six tons of treasure took six days to transship.
Subsequently Drake sailed North, probably to around San Francisco Bay, claiming this land as 'Nova Albion', leaving on 23 July.
He then came back across the Pacific, reaching the Cape of Good Hope on 18 June 1580 and Sierra Leone on 22 July.
On 26 September 1580, Francis Drake took his ship into Plymouth Harbour with only 56 of the original crew of 100 left aboard.
Despite Spanish protests about his piratical conduct while in their imperial waters, Queen Elizabeth herself went aboard the Golden Hind, which was lying at Deptford in the Thames estuary, and personally bestowed a knighthood on him;
Her share of the treasure came to almost £160,000 [...] enough to pay off her entire foreign debt and still have £40,000 left over to invest in a new trading company for the Levant. Her return and that of other investors came to £47 for every £1 invested, or a total return of 4,700%.

The table in the Middle Temple Hall (in the City of London) is reputed to have been made from the wood of the Golden Hind.

Details

* Crew in the 16th century: 20 officers and gentlemen, from 40 to 60 crew, including a Master, Mate, Cook and 10 to 12 deckhands. The average height was 5'4" but many of the crew selected were taller to make more effective fighters. Francis Drake was about 5'6" tall.[11]
* Masts: 3
o Sails 6, 5 square sails and lateen
* Hull: wooden
* Hull dimensions:
o Length:
+ Overall: 120 ft (36.5 m)
+ Hull: 102 ft (31 m)
+ Waterline: 75 ft (23 m)
o Breadth: 22 ft (6.7 m)
o Depth: 13.5 ft (4.1 m)
o Displacement: 300 tons (305 tonnes)
* Beam: 20 ft (6 m)
* Height of mainmast: 92 ft (27 m)
* Sail area: 4150 sq ft (386 m²)
* Speed (sail): 8 knots (15 km/h)
* Steering: Drake used a pole attached to the rudder called a "whip staff". For safety, a conventional wheel is used in the two replicas.
* Capstan: used for hauling up the anchor, located in the armoury and gun deck
* Crew complement: 80-85
* Armaments: 22 guns
o 2 Peteras (small guns) on poop deck
o 2 Peteras on fore deck
o 2 Falcons (long range guns using two pound shot) in forecastle
o 2 Falcons in stern
o 14 Minions (guns using four pound shot) on gun deck
* Load: ca. 100-150 tons (100-150 tonnes)

Wikipedia

Marshall Is SG?,Antigua SG2297, Barbuda SG1889, British Virgin Is SG326, 980, Bulgaria SG2599, 3667, 3833, Ciskei SG225, Cocos Is SG60, Comoro Is SG804, Dominica SG2453, Gren of Grenada SG1367, Guinea Bissau SG680, Hungary SG3197ms, Malagasy SG902, Norfolk Is SG568, 574ms, Palau SG525, St Kitts SG182, Tristan da Cunha SG283.
john sefton
 
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Re: Golden Hind (Drake)

Postby advanderpol46 » Tue Mar 25, 2014 12:17 pm

Also on Hungarian 1978 stamp Michel nr. 3298A and block 132A and 132B.
advanderpol46
 
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Re: Golden Hind (Drake)

Postby Arturo » Tue Apr 08, 2014 5:35 pm

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Golden Hind (Drake)

Umm Al Qiwain, 1972, S.G.?, Scott; 913.
Arturo
 
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Re: Golden Hind (Drake)

Postby Anatol » Sat May 16, 2015 9:47 pm

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Golden Hind
Guinea Bissau 2015;800f;SG? Republique Congo2013;300f;SG? Malawi2013;SG?
Anatol
 
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Re: Golden Hind (Drake)

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Aug 27, 2015 8:41 pm

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British Virgen Islands 1997 40c sg980 and 986, scott876e and 876k.
Penhryn 1983 36c on 20c sg305.
Palau 1992 29c sg 525, scott 302f.
aukepalmhof
 
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