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Brederode

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Brederode

Postby john sefton » Mon Jun 22, 2009 7:07 pm

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Brederode was a ship of the line of the navy of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and the flagship of the Dutch fleet in the First Anglo-Dutch War. Throughout its career, it carried from 53-59 guns.

She was named after Johan Wolfert van Brederode, the brother-in-law of stadtholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. Launched at Rotterdam in 1644, and a design of shipwright Jan Salomonszoon van den Tempel, she was the flagship of Vice Admiral Witte Corneliszoon de With from May 1645 until 1647 when she was assigned to Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp. The same year however, she again became De With's flagship for his expedition to Dutch Brazil, only returning in 1650. Only in 1651 would Tromp sail for the first time with his flag on the Brederode, during an attack against royalist privateers operating from the Scilly Islands.

In the First Anglo-Dutch War Brederode was present under Tromp's command at the Battle of Goodwin Sands on 29 May 1652. After Tromp's failure to bring the English to battle off the Shetland Islands in July, Tromp was relieved and Michiel de Ruyter took over command. When De Ruyter was subordinated to De With in September, Brederode's crew refused to let the latter come on board to take command, so he had to content himself with the Prins Willem. Under De Ruyter, Brederode fought at the Battle of the Kentish Knock on 8 October 1652.
With Tromp back in command, Brederode fought at the Battle of Dungeness on 10 December 1652 where she came close to being captured, but was instrumental in that victory over the English. She fought again on 18 February 1653 at the Battle of Portland and on 12 June 1653 at the Battle of the Gabbard, where she fought an exhausting but inconclusive duel with William Penn's flagship James. On that day, the first day of the battle, Tromp's men boarded the English ship but were beaten back; boarded in turn by the English, Tromp was only able to dislodge the boarders by blowing up Brederode's deck. On 13 June the English were joined by a squadron under Admiral Robert Blake and the Dutch were scattered in defeat.

Brederode fought in the last major engagement of the war, the Battle of Scheveningen on 26 July 1653, when Tromp was killed. The acting flag captain (later Admiral) Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer kept Tromp's standard raised after his death to keep up morale.

In the Northern Wars the United Provinces sent an expeditionary force to support Denmark in the war against Charles X of Sweden. In the Battle of the Sound on 8 November 1658 the Dutch fleet, commanded by Lieutenant-Admiral Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam, defeated a Swedish fleet and relieved the siege of Copenhagen. Van Wassenaer's flagship was Eendracht; De With commanded the van in Brederode; attacking the enemy without proper knowledge of the shoals he grounded his ship (after damaging Leoparden so much that this enemy vessel subsequently was lost by fire) and was surrounded; after many hours of fighting, Brederode was boarded by Wismar and De With mortally wounded. The partially burnt wreck was deemed unsalvagable.

The Brederode was, in Maas feet, about 132 ft (40 m). long by about 32 ft (9.8 m). wide by approximately 13.5 ft (4.1 m). deep. The English dimensions were very close to those figures. The published dimensions are in Maas feet of 308 mm, divided into 12 inches (300 mm). Everyone had assumed that the published dimensions were in Amsterdam feet of 283 mm, divided into 11 inches (280 mm). The Brederode was armed with 54 guns, which in 1652 included: 4 36-pdrs., 12 24-pdrs., and 8 18-pdrs. on the lower deck, 20 12-pdrs. on the upper deck, and 10-12 6-pdrs. on the forecastle, quarterdeck, and poop deck.

* Lincoln Paxton Paine, Ships of the World: an Historical Encyclopedia, Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
* List of ships of the Admiralty of Rotterdam, dated 26 February 1652, from the Nationaal Archief in The Hague

Marshall Is SG1089, Malagasy SG712.
john sefton
 
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Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

Re: Brederode

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Jun 23, 2009 2:47 am

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Also on Marshall Island 2005 37c.
Malagasy Republic 1988 80f sg 712, scott?
Mozambique 2009 33.00MT sg?, scott? (The name is wrongly spelled on the stamp as BREDEROE.)
Gambia 2001 D7 sg?, scott?, The stamp is designed after a painting in the possesion of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, the vessel with the Dutch flag is most probably the BREDERODE, Tromp's flagship.

The Malagasy Republic stamp is part of a painting made by the Dutch painter Simon de Vlieger, and depict the Dutch ship-of-the-line BREDERODE off Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands.
The painting is in the possesion of the British National Maritime Museum in Greenock.
aukepalmhof
 
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Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: Brederode

Postby Anatol » Thu Mar 26, 2020 4:13 pm

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Somalia 2017;250Sl.Sh.
Anatol
 
Posts: 683
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm


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