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YEVSTAFY

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YEVSTAFY

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Jul 23, 2009 9:50 pm

tmp110.jpg
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Built as a ship of the line at the Galvnoye Admiralteystvo (Russian Main Naval Shipyard) at St Petersburg by the shipbuilder Ulf, for the Russian Imperial Navy.
Launched under the name YEVSTAFY.
Dimensions: 47.5 x 14.5 x 5.8m.
Armament 66 guns of caliber 36 and 18 pounds.
1762 Completed.

When a Russian squadron sailed from Kronstadt for the Mediterranean on 26 July 1769, it was under command of Admiral G.A. Spiridov on board the YEVSTAFY.
The squadron of 7 ships of the line and 8 smaller warships sailed via Copenhagen and Portsmouth to the Mediterranean.
In November 1769 for the first time in history, Russian warships entered the waters of the Mediterranean.

The Greeks fighting against the Turkish conquerors got the help from the Russian Tsarina Catherine the Great, and the Russian squadron later strengthened by another Russian squadron under command of the Englishman the Rear Admiral John Elphinston of 3 ships of the line and 5 smaller warships, tried to support a revolt by the Greek people against the Turkish occupation.

After landing in the Greek province Moreiro, first captured the fortress of Koron and on 10 April 1770 they took Navarino capturing 45 guns.
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Still, the Turkish forces were three times superior in number, but the constant assaults of the Russian forced them to retreat to the Aegean Sea.

The two squadrons were coming under the overall command of Count Orlov, and he combined the two squadrons and began a search for the enemy’s warships.
23 June 1770 the Turkish fleet was sighted at the Chios Strait, where they were anchored. The Turkish fleet of 73 vessels under which sixteen ships of the line and six frigates formed in two lines. The Russian fleet of only nine ships of the line and three frigates.

In the afternoon of 24 June, the Russian fleet began firing upon the Turkish center and vanguard. The Turkish fleet opened fire on the YEVSTAFY; she returned fire on the Turkish Admiral ship REAL-MUSTAFA and extensively damaged the 80-gun vessel. The Russian boarded the REAL-MUSTAFA but at that moment a burning mast of the REAL-MUSTAFA fell on the YEVSTAFY.

Fire broke out on board the YEVSTAFY and the fire ignited its powder supply, and with a terrific roar both ships exploded and sank with heavy loss of live.

Admiral Spiridov escaped the explosion, and transferred his flag to the TREKH SVYATITELYA.

Russia 1996 750r sg6612, scott6339.

Source: http://www.navy.ru/history/hrn3-e.htm http://www.1rss.com/pages_eng/yevstafiy.htm
aukepalmhof
 
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Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: YEVSTAFY

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Jan 07, 2020 10:30 pm

Battle_of_Chios_(1770),_by_Ivan_Aivazovsky_(1848).jpg
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2017 battle of Chios MS.jpg
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UPDATE:
Her name is given in the book Russian Warships in the age of sail 1696-1860 as SVIATOI EVSTAFII PLAKIDA.

Built-in St Petersburg by V. A. Selyaninov as a third rate ship of the line for the Russian Imperial Navy.
30 July 1762 laid down.
20 August 1763 launched as the SVIATOI EVSTAFII PLAKIDA, one of the Slava Rossii Class. The name was chosen to commemorate Peter I’s birthday which fell on this saint’s day.
Dim. 47.24 x 12.64 x 5.49m.
Armament: Lower deck 14 – 24pdrs, upper deck 26 – 12 pdrs, and fo’c’sle and quarter deck 16 – 6pdrs.

After completing she cruised first in the Baltic in 1764 and 1766-1768.
26 July 1769 sailed from Kronshtadt as flagship of Admiral Spiridov together with the First Arkhipelago Squadron.
26 December 1769 damaged at Revel, she re-joined her squadron at Copenhagen and proceeded to Hull, UK.
Separated again from her squadron and proceeded to Cape St Vincent, Gibraltar, and Port Mahon, Majorca where she was rejoined by the rest of the squadron between 18 November 1769 and 23 January 1770.
They proceeded to Malta and arrived at VIstulo (Morea) on 18 February 1770.
Landed troops and bombarded Koran from 1 – 3 August 1770.
18 April 1770 at Navarino.
22 May 1770 met up with the 2nd Arkhipelago Squadron at Cerigo.

26 July 1770 blew up in auction at the “Battle of the Chios Strait” and only 70 of the crew survived, inclusive Admiral Spiridov and Captain Kruz.

Source: Russian Warships in the Age of Sail 1696 – 1860 by John Tredrea & Eduard Sozaev.

The painting after which this stamp margin is designed is made by Russian artist Ivan Aivazovsky in 1848. It shows us the “Battle of Chios Strait” on 24 June 1790. Two ships that have been identified in the foreground are shown just before the explosion which destroyed the Russian vessel the SVIATOI EVSTAFII PLAKIDA and the Turkish flagship BURC-I ZAFER. (she is the vessel under Turkish flag on the left.)
This painting depicts the duel between the Turkish flagship REAL MUSTAFA (BURC-I ZAFER) (84 guns) and the Russian admiral Spiridov’s ship SVYATOY EVSTAFIV (68). During the boarding action, the burning debris of the Turkish ship set the Russian flagship on fire and soon she blew up. The Russian admiral escaped the explosion just minutes before. Ten minutes later REAL MUSTAFA exploded too. The Turkish squadron retreated to the Bay of Chesma only to be destroyed there in the next two days in what later to be called Battle of Chesma.

Source: Internet.
St Tome et Principe 2017 Db 124.000 sgMS?, scott?
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