SKATE USS (SSN-578)

Built as a nuclear submarine under yard no 147 by Electric Boat Co, Groton for the USA Navy.
18 July 1955 ordered.
21 July 1955 laid down.
16 May 1957 launched as the USS SKATE (SSN-578)
Displacement 2,590 ton surfaced, 2,894 ton submerged, dim. 81.56 x 7.6 m,
Powered by S3W nuclear reactor, geared steam turbines, two shafts, 6,600 shp (4,900 kW)., twin shafts, speed 15.5 knots surfaced, 18 knots submerged.
Armament: 8 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 6 forward and 2 aft.
Crew 84.
23 December 1957 commissioned.

USS SKATE (SSN-578), the third submarine of the United States Navy named for the SKATE, a type of ray, was the lead ship of the Skate class of nuclear submarines. She was the third nuclear submarine commissioned, the first to make a completely submerged trans-Atlantic crossing, and the second submarine to reach the North Pole and the first to surface there.

The contract to build her was awarded to the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics on 18 July 1955, and her keel was laid in Groton, Connecticut on 21 July 1955. She was launched on 16 May 1957 sponsored by Mrs. Lewis L. Strauss, and commissioned on 23 December 1957 with Commander James F. Calvert in command.

Operational history
SKATE conducted shakedown training out of New London, Connecticut until 29 January 1958, when she cruised to the Bermuda operating area, then returned to her home port on 8 February. Sixteen days later, the nuclear powered submarine set a course for the Isle of Portland, England. Before returning home, she had also visited ports in France and the Netherlands.
On 30 July, SKATE sought the Arctic where she operated under the ice for 10 days. During this time, she surfaced nine times through the ice, navigated over 2,400 miles (3,900 km) under it, and on 11 August, 9:47 pm EDT (the week after USS NAUTILUS ) became the second sea ship to reach the North Pole. SKATE was unable to surface precisely at the Pole on the August voyage due to dangerous ice conditions as noted in the captain's 1960 book, Surface at the Pole: The Extraordinary Voyages of the USS SKATE, where Calvert said, "Seldom had the ice seemed so heavy and so thick as it did in the immediate vicinity of the pole. For days we had searched in vain for a suitable opening to surface in." The closest was to make radio contact at the surface from a polynya around 30 nm away, but not to surface fully owing to the risk of damage from ice. SKATE did manage to surface and make contact with Drifting Ice Station Alpha at 85ºN, 300 nm away.
After being denied access to visit Copenhagen in Denmark, she sailed into Bergen, Norway on 23 August. There she was inspected by king Olav V of Norway, US ambassador Frances E. Willis and minister of defence Nils Handal. The submarine made port calls in the Netherlands, Belgium, and France before returning to New London on 25 September 1958. In recognition of the dangerous and historic feat, the SKATE and its crew was given the Navy Unit Commendation award for "... braving the hazards of the polar ice pack...."
While the SKATE was unable to surface on its first voyage to the pole, on 17 March 1959, she became the first submarine to surface at the North Pole with Calvert describing the historic moment in his book, saying, "Slowly we blew the tanks and the SKATE moved reluctantly upward. It was apparent we were under heavier ice here than any we had experienced before." While at the pole, Calvert and the crew planted an American Flag in a cairn they built out of ice blocks and put a waterproof container in the cairn with a note commemorating the event. The crew also held a ceremony for the late Arctic explorer Sir Hubert Wilkins and committed his ashes at the pole. In 1931, Sir Hubert had conducted an Arctic expedition in the disarmed research submarine NAUTILUS (ex-USS O-12). After reaching the Pole, the SKATE continued its mission to pioneer arctic operations during periods of extreme cold and maximum ice thickness. When the submarine returned to port, she was awarded a bronze star in lieu of a second Navy Unit Commendation for demonstrating "... for the first time the ability of submarines to operate in and under the Arctic ice in the dead of winter...." In the fall of 1959 and in 1960, SKATE participated in exercises designed to strengthen American antisubmarine defenses.

SKATE returned to General Dynamics in January 1961 for a regular overhaul and to have her reactor refueled for the first time. She put to sea in August and, for the next 11 months, conducted exercises to increase the operational readiness of her crew.
On 7 July 1962, SKATE again set course towards the North Pole. Five days later, USS SEADRAGON , did likewise from Pearl Harbor. The two submarines made their rendezvous on 31 July. After meeting, they operated together for over a week. Both submarines surfaced at the North Pole on 2 August and official greetings and insignia of Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet and Submarine Force Pacific Fleet were exchanged.
SKATE returned to New London and performed fleet and local operations for the next several years. She entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on 28 April 1965, the first nuclear submarine overhauled there, for nuclear refueling and installation of the SUBSAFE package. SKATE was the first submarine to finish this major conversion program, which was instituted after the loss of USS THRESHER in 1963. The process was not completed until September 1967.

After sea trials and a shakedown cruise in the Caribbean, the submarine returned to New London and participated in exercises involved in the development of new undersea tactics and equipment.
In October 1968, SKATE was deployed to the Mediterranean where she operated with the Sixth Fleet for two months. The polar veteran operated under the Arctic ice again in March and April 1969, in October 1970, and in February 1971 . The remainder of her at sea time was spent in various Atlantic Fleet and NATO exercises. In July 1971, she began her third regular overhaul at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard and did not return to New London until 17 November 1973. In August 1974, SKATE operated as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet.

In late 1977, SKATE transferred to Pearl Harbor, where she joined the other three SKATE class submarines as a member of Submarine Squadron 7.

Decommissioning
SKATE was decommissioned on 12 September 1986, stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 October 1986, and disposed of by submarine recycling at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 6 March 1995.

Awards
SKATE received two Navy Unit Commendations and three Meritorious Unit Commendations during her career. The first Navy Unit Commendation was for the period 9–12 August 1958 and the second for the period 4 March through 6 April 1959. The Meritorious Unit Commendations were for the periods 24 March through 15 April 1969, 12 October through 18 November 1970 and 26 February through 9 March 1971. (Source – US Navy Unit Awards Webpage.)

Popular culture
SKATE appears in Tom Clancy's 1993 novel Without Remorse.
SKATE appears in the 1961 film, Parrish as the submarine upon which the title character is stationed.
The 1978 disaster film Gray Lady Down features a fictional SKATE-class submarine USS NEPTUNE.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_SKATE_(SSN-578)
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SANTA ROSA 1932

SANTA ROSA 1932

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Jan 21, 2018 7:21 pm

santa rosa 1932.jpg
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2017 santa rosa 1.jpg
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2017 santa rosa.jpg
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By this set of stamps issued by Curaçao in 2017, two stamp shows a ship.
The info given by this set:

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Views of the fifties.
Views of the fifties is a stamp emission to remember life on the island in the fifties. Most of the photos used dated back in the end of the forties, beginning and mid fifties. Various of the photos were taken by Master Photographer Fred Fisher. These photos were digitally converted and carefully retouched and resampled to create and retain a vintage uniformed look, by creating a balanced workflow, retaining the same structure and a color adaptive process.
By the two stamps which show a ship is given:

121c: Handelskade (Commercial quay) and the entrance of the harbour. The Port Authorities building in the back has been completely replaced by a more modern architecture.
(Of the wooden sailing vessel I have not any information.)

308c: A birds eye view of the rooftops of Punda, overlooking the harbour entrance towards Otrobanda, with the SANTA ROSA from the Moore McCormac Line (must be the Grace Line) just entering the harbour. (She must be the SANTA ROSA (2) which has two funnels as seen on stamp.)
Source: https://www.cpostinternational.com/imag ... nfo_50.jpg

Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 121 by Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Kearny for the Panama Mail SS Co. Inc., San Francisco. (Managed by the Grace Line.)
1930 Ordered.
24 March 1932 launched as the SANTA ROSA, three sisters, SANTA ELENA, SANTA LUCIA and SANTA PAULA.
Tonnage 9.135 grt,7,290 dwt, dim. 155.0 x 22m, length bpp. 147.6m
Powered by two General Electric Co. steam turbines, each 6,000 hp., double geared to twin screws. Speed 19 knots.
Passenger accommodation when built 209 first class and 50 tourist class.
October 1932 completed. Homeport New York.

1938 She was sold or transferred to the Grace Line Inc., San Francisco not renamed.
SS SANTA ROSA (later SS ATHINAI) was a passenger and cargo ocean liner built for the Grace Line. She was one of four sister ships (the others being Santa Elena, Santa Lucia and Santa Paula) ordered in 1930 from the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company of Kearny, NJ. Her regular route included inter-coastal service between the east coast and the west coast of the USA via the Caribbean and the Panama Canal. She was the second of ultimately three vessels to bear the name SANTA ROSA for the Grace Line. (The first SANTA ROSA was a 1917-built ship that was sold in 1925.)
Design and construction
Designed by Gibbs & Cox, SANTA ROSA bore some resemblance to their later ships, the SS America and SS United States. such as his signature winged funnel. The public rooms were all on the promenade deck. The dining room was located on this deck between the two funnels and had an atrium stretching up two and a half decks. Unique for its day was a retractable roof which allowed the passenger to dine under the tropical sky. The Grace Line also employed female waitresses instead of male stewards. All first class cabins were outside twin beds and private baths.
Prewar Grace Line service
The SANTA ROSA sailed on her maiden voyage on 26 November 1932. Her East-West coast route of New York-Seattle was 20 days and included a one-day call in Los Angeles and two days in San Francisco. The ship's service speed of 20 knots and her superior accommodation made her very popular compared to that offered by Pacific Coast shipping. In 1936 however the intercoastal service ended and SANTA ROSA and her sisters transferred to service to the Caribbean.
World War II service
SANTA ROSA was requisitioned by the US War Shipping Administration on 3 January 1942 with Grace Line operating the ship as agents and allocated to Army for troop service. Even in wartime gray, the ship retained her elegant oceanliner lines:
"..Further down and across the dock, the Grace Line passenger ship SS SANTA ROSA, also lay waiting. She was painted wartime gray but she still flaunted her nubile twin funnels, sweeping bow and long, beautiful lines; She exuded an aura of speed, luxury, and moonlight tropical nights. The SS SANTA ROSA was sexier than Rita Hayworth in a travel poster..."
SANTA ROSA made 21 voyages from the east coast of the US from 1942-1945: one to Europe, one to Australia, one to India, and three to Africa.
Her wartime voyages included:
January 1942 - New York to Melbourne and Nouméa via the Panama Canal
April 1942 - Suez, Massaua, Adan, Durban
November 1942 - to the Clyde
November 1942 - to Casablanca
January 1943 - to Casablanca
February 1943 - Bermuda and Casablanca
April 1943 - Casablanca, Gibraltar, the Clyde, Algiers, and Phillippeville
August 1943 - Oran in Algeria
October 1943 - Boston to Swansea, the Clyde, Palermo, Newport UK
December 1943 - via Boston to Bristol and Newport
February 1944 - Belfast
March 1944 - from Boston to Avonmouth and Cardiff
May 1944 - via Norfolk to Naples and Gibraltar
July 1944 - via Norfolk to Oran, Naples, and Cape Henry
October 1944 - Marseilles, Oran, and Gibraltar
December 1944 - from Boston to Swansea and retuen to Boston
January 1945 - Le Havre and Southampton
February 1945 - to La Harve and Plymouth
March 1945 - to The Solent, Le Havre, Southampton
June 1945 - Southampton
July 1945 - Le Havre and Cherbourg with return to Hampton Roads, to Plymouth and Le Havre
August 1945 - Le Havre and Cherbourg with return to Hampton Roads, to Plymouth and Le Havre
September 1945 - Marseilles
October 1945 - from New York via Port Said to Karachi
December 1945 - from New York via Port Said to Karachi with return to New York in January 1946
The vessel was returned to Grace Line on 3 February 1947.
Postwar Grace Line service
After her war service she underwent repair and refit at the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company prior to redelivery to her owners. SANTA ROSA returned to Grace Line and resumed the Caribbean service on 7 February 1947. In 1958, after 26 years of service, SANTA ROSA was replaced by a larger liner of the same name. In June 1958 SANTA ROSA was renamed SANTA PAULA The older ship was laid up at Hoboken, NJ until 1961 when she was sold to Greek owners.
Typaldos Lines service
SANTA ROSA was renamed ATHINAI and began a new career as a cruise ship for Aegean SN Typaldos Lines, Piraeus. A refit increased her accommodation and converted her to carry three classes of passengers. She entered service for her new owners for voyages in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Adriatic. ATHINAI in her Typaldos Line livery appears briefly in a scene of the port of Piraeus, Greece, in the 1963 film The Bullfighter Advances. In 1968 the Typaldos Lines owners were arrested and the company disbanded after the Greek government investigation of the SS HERAKLION incident found them guilty of manslaughter and negligence. The company's ships were taken over and sold except for two, including SS ATHINAI, who attracted no buyers and were subsequently laid up at Phaleron Bay.
1966–89.
SANTA ROSA/ATHINAI never returned to active service. In 1978 she was towed out of layup for use as a film set for Raise the Titanic. After a decade of neglect, and with fittings that did not appear to be out of place on a 1912 built ship, ATHINAI needed very little conversion work for filming the Titanic’s interiors. Her bows were painted to resemble Titanic and she was sprayed with concrete to simulate 68 years on the ocean floor. After the filming she was returned to Phaleron Bay. She remained for another ten years until 1989, when she was towed for scrapping at Aliağa, Turkey in a purge of derelict shipping. She arrived at Aliaga 19 April 1989 and was scrapped by Nigdeliler Hurdacilik.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Santa_Rosa_(1932) http://www.miramarshipindex.nz
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